© 2017

Birds of Prey and Wind Farms

Analysis of Problems and Possible Solutions

  • Hermann Hötker
  • Oliver Krone
  • Georg Nehls


  • A unique look at German wind farms and their relationship to birds of prey

  • Gives up-to-date information on the population growth and breeding habits of raptors in Germany

  • Provides data on the frequency of wind turbine collisions and fatality avoidance


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Hermann Hötker
    Pages 1-4
  3. Kerstin Mammen, Ubbo Mammen, Alexander Resetaritz
    Pages 13-95
  4. Thomas Grünkorn, Mirjam Gippert, Gabriele Treu, Georg Nehls
    Pages 227-237
  5. Oliver Krone, Gabriele Treu, Thomas Grünkorn, Georg Nehls
    Pages 255-257
  6. Hermann Hötker, Tobias Dürr, Bodo Grajetzky, Thomas Grünkorn, Ralf Joest, Oliver Krone et al.
    Pages 323-331

About this book


This book discusses the increase in number and capacity of wind farms in Germany and how this is affecting birds of prey. Several methods are used to study the behaviour of birds of prey in relation to wind farms, including telemetry data, field observations, and comparisons of turbine base areas. Special attention is given to the effects on different bird species and the impact wind farms may have on population growth and breeding success of birds of prey. Chapter 6 discusses the collision risks at wind turbines and provides an analysis of the fatalities. In the concluding chapter, ideas are put forward to help minimize conflicts, estimate risks, and offer practical recommendations for future research.

This book will be of interest to wind farm developers, researchers, applied ecologists and landscape planners.


Wind farms and wind energy in Germany Raptors: Red Kite, White Tailed Eagle, Montagu’s Harriers Telemetry and radio tags Wind turbines, collision risks and fatalities Wind farm development conflicts and birds of prey

Editors and affiliations

  • Hermann Hötker
    • 1
  • Oliver Krone
    • 2
  • Georg Nehls
    • 3
  1. 1.Michael-Otto-Institut im NABU BergenhusenGermany
  2. 2.Leibniz-Institut für Zoo-und WildtierforschungBerlinGermany
  3. 3.BioConsult SH GmbH & CoKG HusumGermany

Bibliographic information