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  • © 2017

Diversity in Survey Questions on the Same Topic

Techniques for Improving Comparability

  • Presents innovative new methods for scale conversion

  • Presents new opportunities for improvement of interpretation of existing survey data

  • Provides better comparability across countries and over time of subjective data

Part of the book series: Social Indicators Research Series (SINS, volume 68)

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  • ISBN: 978-3-319-53261-5
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Table of contents (12 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xv
  2. Comparing Responses to Different Survey Questions on the Same Topic: Problems and Conventional Solutions

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 1-1
    2. Diversity in Survey Items and the Comparability Problem

      • Tineke de Jonge, Ruut Veenhoven, Wim Kalmijn
      Pages 3-16
  3. Innovation 1: The Happiness Scale Interval Study

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 17-17
    2. The Happiness Scale Interval Study

      • Tineke de Jonge, Ruut Veenhoven, Wim Kalmijn
      Pages 19-26
    3. Use of Happiness Scale Interval Studies in This Book

      • Tineke de Jonge, Ruut Veenhoven, Wim Kalmijn
      Pages 27-30
    4. Equivalence of Rating Scales Using Different Keywords

      • Tineke de Jonge, Ruut Veenhoven, Wim Kalmijn
      Pages 31-46
    5. ‘Very Happy’ Is Not Always Equally Happy

      • Tineke de Jonge, Ruut Veenhoven, Wim Kalmijn
      Pages 47-60
    6. The Labeling of Anchor Points and the Occurrence of Zero-Width Intervals

      • Tineke de Jonge, Ruut Veenhoven, Wim Kalmijn
      Pages 61-67
  4. Innovation 2: The Continuum Approach

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 69-69
    2. The Continuum Approach

      • Tineke de Jonge, Ruut Veenhoven, Wim Kalmijn
      Pages 71-81
  5. Innovation 3: The Reference Distribution Method

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 83-83
    2. The Reference Distribution Method

      • Tineke de Jonge, Ruut Veenhoven, Wim Kalmijn
      Pages 85-96
    3. Stability of the Boundaries Between Response Options for Different Countries

      • Tineke de Jonge, Ruut Veenhoven, Wim Kalmijn
      Pages 97-114
    4. Analysis of Differences in Trends Among the Satisfied Few and the Dissatisfied Few

      • Tineke de Jonge, Ruut Veenhoven, Wim Kalmijn
      Pages 115-121
    5. Directions for Further Research

      • Tineke de Jonge, Ruut Veenhoven, Wim Kalmijn
      Pages 149-156
  6. Back Matter

    Pages 157-202

About this book

This book describes why conventional methods fall short to solve the comparability problem and introduces three successive innovations to overcome these shortcomings. Comparability of results from different surveys using different items for the same topic is greatly hampered by the differences in response scales used. This reduces our accumulation of knowledge and has challenged researchers in the field of survey research for long to develop appropriate methods to transform ratings on different scales to attain comparable results and to correct for effects of changes in measurements and other influencing factors. The three innovations described in this volume are applied to data on happiness and life satisfaction, show better comparability of the survey results concerning the perceptions and opinions of people over time and across nations and at an increased opportunity for meta-analysis on these results. 

Keywords

  • Research Synthesis
  • Scale Transformation
  • Subjective Well-being
  • Trend Analysis
  • Verbal rating Scales

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erasmus Happiness Economics Research Organisation, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

    Tineke de Jonge, Ruut Veenhoven, Wim Kalmijn

About the authors

Tineke de Jonge (1964) is a methodologist who studied Mathematics at the University of Amsterdam and the Delft University of Technology. She has always worked and is still working in the public domain, in jobs all having a central role for quantitative, socio-economic research in common. As senior researcher at Statistics Netherlands she was responsible for the program “Well-being of the Dutch population”. This well-being theme marked the start of her PhD-research on the comparability of responses to different survey questions on the same topic at the Erasmus University Rotterdam which she completed in July 2015. She continues to be involved as a senior volunteer in the research program in the field of comparability of survey results. 

Ruut Veenhoven (1942) studied sociology and is also accredited in social psychology and social-sexuology. He is emeritus-professor of 'social conditions for human happiness' at the Erasmus University Rotterdam in the Netherlands and extra-ordinary professor at the North-West University in South Africa. His current research is on subjective quality of life. Major publications are: 'Conditions of happiness' (1984), 'Happiness in nations' (1993),'The four qualities of life' (2000) and 'Greater happiness for a greater number: Is that possible and desirable?' (2010). He also published on abortion, love, marriage and parenthood. Ruut Veenhoven is director of the World Database of Happiness and founding editor of the Journal of Happiness Studies.  

Wim Kalmijn (1934-2015) studied chemical technology at the Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands. He became an employee of the Unilever Research Laboratory at Vlaardingen and worked in various departments; he acted as Training Officer, as Manager of the Department of Statistics and Experimental Design and as Information Manager. Some years after his retirement he joined the Happiness Research Group of the Erasmus University Rotterdam. As senior research volunteer he contributed to methodological and statistical aspects, in particular in connection with the World Database of Happiness and the Happiness International Scale Interval Study. Part of his research is reported in his PhD-thesis “Quantification of Happiness Inequality” (2010).  

Bibliographic Information

Buying options

eBook USD 84.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-53261-5
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book USD 109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)