Skip to main content
  • Book
  • © 2017

Solar Energetic Particles

A Modern Primer on Understanding Sources, Acceleration and Propagation

  • Self-contained, introductory presentation aimed primarily at a non-specialist readership

  • Authored by a leading expert in the field

  • Contains many colour figures

Part of the book series: Lecture Notes in Physics (LNP, volume 932)

Buying options

eBook USD 39.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-50871-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Table of contents (8 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xvi
  2. Introduction

    • Donald V. Reames
    Pages 1-13
  3. History

    • Donald V. Reames
    Pages 15-37
  4. Distinguishing the Sources

    • Donald V. Reames
    Pages 39-54
  5. Impulsive SEP Events

    • Donald V. Reames
    Pages 55-72
  6. Gradual SEP Events

    • Donald V. Reames
    Pages 73-101
  7. High Energies and Radiation Effects

    • Donald V. Reames
    Pages 103-111
  8. Measurements of SEPs

    • Donald V. Reames
    Pages 113-124
  9. Summary and Conclusions

    • Donald V. Reames
    Pages 125-127

About this book

This concise primer introduces the non-specialist reader to the physics of solar energetic particles (SEP) and systematically reviews the evidence for the two main mechanisms which lead to the so-called impulsive and gradual SEP events.

More specifically, the timing of the onsets, the longitude distributions, the high-energy spectral shapes, the correlations with other solar phenomena (e.g. coronal mass ejections), as well as the all-important elemental and isotopic abundances of SEPs are investigated. Impulsive SEP events are related to magnetic reconnection in solar flares and jets. The concept of shock acceleration by scattering on self-amplified Alfvén waves is introduced, as is the evidence of reacceleration of impulsive-SEP material in the seed population accessed by the shocks in gradual events. The text then develops processes of transport of ions out to an observer. Finally, a new technique to determine the source plasma temperature in both impulsive and gradual events is demonstrated.

Last but not least the role of SEP events as a radiation hazard in space is mentioned and a short discussion of the nature of the main particle telescope designs that have contributed to most of the SEP measurements is given.

Keywords

  • Impulsive SEP events
  • Gradual SEP events
  • Space Weather
  • Coronal elemental abundances
  • Solar wind
  • Space plasma physics
  • SEP measurements
  • Coronal mass ejections

Authors and Affiliations

  • Institute for Physical Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, USA

    Donald V. Reames

About the author

Don Reames received his A.B. and Ph.D. degrees in physics from the University of California at Berkeley in 1958 and 1964, respectively. He applied this early background in nuclear physics to his work in experimental astrophysics at Goddard Space Flight Center since 1964. His early work involved the S9 Cosmic Ray Experiment flown on the Gemini XI mission and sounding rockets flown from Ft. Churchill. He subsequently worked with experiments on the ISEE-3, IMP-8, Helios 1 and 2, and Wind spacecraft. As a Co-I on the EPACT experiment on the Wind spacecraft, he was responsible for the design and construction of the Low Energy Matrix Telescope (LEMT). He is also a Co-I on IMPACT experiment for the STEREO mission. He has studied the physics of particle acceleration in a variety of sites throughout the heliosphere and the relationship of these particles to solar flares, shock waves, CMEs and to the radio, X-ray, and gamma-ray emission that they particles produce. This work has resulted in over 100 papers in the refereed scientific literature. Don Reames retired from the Civil Service in 2003 to continue in an Emeritus position at Goddard. In 2007 he joined the Institute for Physical Science and Technology at the University of Maryland, College Park, MD where he is a Senior Research Scientist.

Bibliographic Information

Buying options

eBook USD 39.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-50871-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout