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  • © 2017

Standard Setting in Education

The Nordic Countries in an International Perspective

  • Bridges the gap between highly complex methodological issues and policy implications

  • Reflects the status of standard-setting approaches implemented in many European countries with suggestions how to proceed

  • The first book that systematically examines standard setting in the Nordic countries

  • Presents new methodological approaches to standard setting

Buying options

eBook USD 129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-50856-6
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book USD 169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

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Table of contents (18 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-vi
  2. Introduction

    • Sigrid Blömeke, Jan-Eric Gustafsson
    Pages 1-7
  3. Fundamental Questions in Standard Setting

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 9-9
    2. Standard Setting: Bridging the Worlds of Policy Making and Research

      • Hans Anand Pant, Simon P. Tiffin-Richards, Petra Stanat
      Pages 49-68
  4. Standard-Setting in the Nordic Countries

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 99-99
    2. Standard Setting in Denmark: Challenges Through Computer-Based Adaptive Testing

      • Peter Allerup, Christian Christrup Kjeldsen
      Pages 101-121
    3. Assessment for Learning and Standards: A Norwegian Strategy and Its Challenges

      • Gustaf B. Skar, Ragnar Thygesen, Lars Sigfred Evensen
      Pages 225-241
    4. How Do Finns Know? Educational Monitoring without Inspection and Standard Setting

      • Mari-Pauliina Vainikainen, Helena Thuneberg, Jukka Marjanen, Jarkko Hautamäki, Sirkku Kupiainen, Risto Hotulainen
      Pages 243-259
  5. New Methodological Approaches to Standard-Setting

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 261-261
    2. The Data-Driven Direct Consensus (3DC) Procedure: A New Approach to Standard Setting

      • Jos Keuning, J. Hendrik Straat, Remco C. W. Feskens
      Pages 263-278

About this book

This book summarizes the international evidence on methodological issues in standard setting in education. By critically discussing the standard-setting practices implemented in the Nordic countries and by presenting new methodological approaches, it offers fresh perspectives on the current research. 

Standard setting targets crucial societal objectives by defining educational benchmarks at different achievement levels, and provides feedback to policy makers, schools and teachers about the strengths and weaknesses of a school system. Given that the consequences standard setting can be dramatic, the quality of standard setting is a prime concern. If it fails, repercussions can be expected in terms of arbitrary evaluations of educational policy, wrong turns in school or teacher development or misplacement of individual students. Standard setting therefore needs to be accurate, reliable, valid, useful, and defensible. 

However, specific evidence on the benefits and limits of different approaches to standard setting is rare and scattered, and there is a particular lack with respect to standard setting in the Nordic countries, where the number of national tests is increasing and there are concerns about the time and effort spent on testing at schools without feedback being provided. Addressing this gap, the book offers a discussion on standard setting by respected experts as well as profound and innovative insights into fundamental aspects of standard setting including conclusions for future methodological and policy-related research.

Keywords

  • Methods of standard setting
  • National tests
  • Research on standard setting
  • Defining achievement levels
  • Cut scores
  • Educational monitoring
  • Performance level descriptors
  • Assessment of learning
  • Assessment for learning
  • Formative assessment
  • Summative assessment
  • Standard setting in Norway
  • Standard setting in Sweden
  • Standard setting in Denmark
  • Standard setting in Finland

Editors and Affiliations

  • Centre for Educational Measurement at the University of Oslo (CEMO), Oslo, Norway

    Sigrid Blömeke

  • Department of Education and Special Education, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

    Jan-Eric Gustafsson

Bibliographic Information

Buying options

eBook USD 129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-50856-6
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book USD 169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)