Three Mile Island, Chernobyl and Fukushima

Curse of the Nuclear Genie

  • Thomas Filburn
  • Stephan Bullard

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Thomas Filburn, Stephan Bullard
    Pages 1-13
  3. Thomas Filburn, Stephan Bullard
    Pages 15-28
  4. Thomas Filburn, Stephan Bullard
    Pages 29-41
  5. Thomas Filburn, Stephan Bullard
    Pages 43-53
  6. Thomas Filburn, Stephan Bullard
    Pages 55-66
  7. Thomas Filburn, Stephan Bullard
    Pages 67-76
  8. Thomas Filburn, Stephan Bullard
    Pages 97-104
  9. Thomas Filburn, Stephan Bullard
    Pages 105-114
  10. Thomas Filburn, Stephan Bullard
    Pages 115-120
  11. Thomas Filburn, Stephan Bullard
    Pages E1-E1

About this book

Introduction

This book examines the three most well-known and socially important nuclear accidents. Each of these accidents had significant, yet dramatically different, human and environmental impacts. Unique factors helped shape the overall pattern and scale of each disaster, but a major contributing factor was the different designs used for each reactor. Fukushima was a boiling water reactor (BWR), Chernobyl was a graphite moderated boiling water reactor, and TMI was a pressurized water reactor (PWR). This book traces the history of nuclear power and the development of each reactor type. We examine how GE’s work with a sodium cooled design did not fare well with the US Navy, and led GE to promulgate the BWR design. We explore the Russian atomic bomb program, its use of graphite moderated reactors, and their design modifications to create power production units. We trace the developments in the US that led the US Navy to select the PWR design, and caused the PWR to be used for nearly 2/3 of all US commercial reactors. In sum, the book uses the three major nuclear accidents as a lens to trace the technological history of nuclear energy production and to link these developments with long-term societal and environmental consequences. The book is intended for readers with an interest in nuclear power and nuclear disasters. The detailed and compelling account will appeal to both the expert and the interested lay-person.   


Keywords

Chernobyl Fukushima Nuclear disaster Three Mile Island Steam Generator design

Authors and affiliations

  • Thomas Filburn
    • 1
  • Stephan Bullard
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of HartfordWest HartfordUSA
  2. 2.Hillyer CollegeUniversity of HartfordWest HartfordUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-34055-5
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Energy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-34053-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-34055-5
  • About this book