Microphysics of Atmospheric Phenomena

  • Boris M. Smirnov

Part of the Springer Atmospheric Sciences book series (SPRINGERATMO)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Boris M. Smirnov
    Pages 1-5
  3. Fundamentals of Atmosphere and Atmospheric Processes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 7-7
    2. Boris M. Smirnov
      Pages 9-33
    3. Boris M. Smirnov
      Pages 35-57
    4. Boris M. Smirnov
      Pages 59-85
  4. Elementary and Transport Atmospheric Processes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 87-87
    2. Boris M. Smirnov
      Pages 89-114
    3. Boris M. Smirnov
      Pages 115-142
    4. Boris M. Smirnov
      Pages 143-158
    5. Boris M. Smirnov
      Pages 159-188
  5. Radiative Processes in the Earth Atmosphere

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 189-189
    2. Boris M. Smirnov
      Pages 191-204
    3. Boris M. Smirnov
      Pages 205-234
    4. Boris M. Smirnov
      Pages 235-245
    5. Boris M. Smirnov
      Pages 247-249
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 251-270

About this book

Introduction

This book investigates elementary processes in the Earth’s atmosphere involving photons, electrons, ions, radicals, and aerosols. It is based on global atmospheric models such as the standard atmospheric model with averaged atmospheric parameters across the globe and over time, the Earth’s energetic balance, and the global electric circuit that allows to analyze fundamental atmospheric properties to be analyzed. Rate constants of elementary processes in the Earth’s atmosphere, together with measured atmospheric parameters and existing concepts of atmospheric phenomena, are used in the analysis of global and local atmospheric processes. Atmospheric photoprocesses result from the interaction of solar radiation with the atmosphere and processes involving ions, oxygen atoms, excited atomic particles and ozone molecules. Atmospheric electricity as a secondary phenomenon to atmospheric water circulation results in a chain of processes that begins with collisions of water aerosols in different aggregate states. Cosmic rays are of importance for atmospheric electricity, as they create positive and negative ions in the air. Air breakdown in an electric field of clouds in the form of lightning may develop under the influence of cosmic ray-created seed electrons, which are necessary for electron multiplication in ionization wave-streamers. The upper atmosphere (ionosphere) is formed under solar radiation in a vacuum ultraviolet spectrum, and absorption of this radiation leads to air photoionization. The greenhouse effect is determined by atmospheric water, whereas transitions between a water vapor and aerosols may lead to a change in atmospheric optical depth. Carbon dioxide contributes in small portions to the atmospheric greenhouse effect. Cosmic rays are of importance for atmospheric discharge, the origin of lightning and cloud formation in the first stage of aerosol growth. This book provides a qualitative description of atmospheric properties and phenomena based on elementary processes and simple models.  

Keywords

Atmospheric Phenomena Ionospheric Processes Atmospheric Electricity Greenhouse Atmospheric Effect Aerosol Processes

Authors and affiliations

  • Boris M. Smirnov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for High TemperaturesRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-30813-5
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-30812-8
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-30813-5
  • Series Print ISSN 2194-5217
  • Series Online ISSN 2194-5225
  • About this book