Unifying Causality and Psychology

Being, Brain, and Behavior

  • Gerald Young

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxxv
  2. Core Causality in Behavior: Foundations and Models

  3. Biology and Revolutions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 149-149
    2. Gerald Young
      Pages 151-175
    3. Gerald Young
      Pages 201-225
  4. Normal and Abnormal Development and Free Will: Normal Development and Free Will

  5. Abnormalities in Development and the DSM-5

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 511-511
    2. Gerald Young
      Pages 535-564
    3. Gerald Young
      Pages 565-590
    4. Gerald Young
      Pages 611-628
    5. Gerald Young
      Pages 629-650
  6. Personal Contributions to the Study of Causality in Behavior: New Models

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 651-651
    2. Gerald Young
      Pages 719-742
    3. Gerald Young
      Pages 743-765
  7. The Neo-Piagetian/Neo-Eriksonian Model

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 767-767
    2. Gerald Young
      Pages 807-831
    3. Gerald Young
      Pages 833-855
    4. Gerald Young
      Pages 857-869
    5. Gerald Young
      Pages 871-888
    6. Gerald Young
      Pages 889-929
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 931-950

About this book


This magistral treatise approaches the integration of psychology through the study of the multiple causes of normal and dysfunctional behavior. Causality is the focal point reviewed across disciplines. Using diverse models, the book approaches unifying psychology as an ongoing project that integrates genetics, experience, evolution, brain, development, change mechanisms, and so on. The book includes in its integration free will, epitomized as freedom in being. It pinpoints the role of the self in causality and the freedom we have in determining our own behavior. The book deals with disturbed behavior, as well, and tackles the DSM-5 approach to mental disorder and the etiology of psychopathology. Young examines all these topics with a critical eye, and gives many innovative ideas and models that will stimulate thinking on the topic of psychology and causality for decades to come. It is truly integrative and original. 

Among the topics covered: 

    Models and systems of causality of behavior.
  • Nature and nurture: evolution and complexities.
  • Early adversity, fetal programming, and getting under the skin.
  • Free will in psychotherapy: helping people believe.
  • Causality in psychological injury and law: basics and critics.
  • A Neo-Piagetian/Neo-Eriksonian 25-step (sub)stage model.

Unifying Causality and Psychology appeals to the disciplines of psychology, psychiatry, epidemiology, philosophy, neuroscience, genetics, law, the social sciences and humanistic fields, in general, and other mental health fields. Its level of writing makes it appropriate for graduate courses, as well as researchers and practitioners.


Bayes theorem Directed Acyclic Graphs Emergent biopersonalsocial model biopsychosocial causality causation cause determinism etiology free being free will freedom in being generic change model mechanism networks nonlinear dynamical systems theory sense of free will

Authors and affiliations

  • Gerald Young
    • 1
  1. 1.TorontoCanada

Bibliographic information