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  • Open Access
  • © 2016

Integration Processes and Policies in Europe

Contexts, Levels and Actors

  • This open access book offers an academic assessment of the EU policy concept of integration as a three-way process

  • Features state-of-the-art chapters written by experts in the field of integration processes, integration policies, transnationalism and the migration and development framework

  • Sets up an analytical framework for the study of integration processes and policies

Part of the book series: IMISCOE Research Series (IMIS)

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Softcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Table of contents (11 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-viii
  2. Introduction: Integration as a Three-Way Process Approach?

    • Blanca Garcés-Mascareñas, Rinus Penninx
    Pages 1-9Open Access
  3. The Concept of Integration as an Analytical Tool and as a Policy Concept

    • Rinus Penninx, Blanca Garcés-Mascareñas
    Pages 11-29Open Access
  4. Migration and Immigrants in Europe: A Historical and Demographic Perspective

    • Christof Van Mol, Helga de Valk
    Pages 31-55Open Access
  5. National Immigration and Integration Policies in Europe Since 1973

    • Jeroen Doomernik, María Bruquetas-Callejo
    Pages 57-76Open Access
  6. Who Is an Immigrant and Who Requires Integration? Categorizing in European Policies

    • Liza Mügge, Marleen van der Haar
    Pages 77-90Open Access
  7. The Multilevel Governance of Migration and Integration

    • Peter Scholten, Rinus Penninx
    Pages 91-108Open Access
  8. Translocal Activities of Local Governments and Migrant Organizations

    • Edith van Ewijk, Gery Nijenhuis
    Pages 127-145Open Access
  9. Sending Country Policies

    • Eva Østergaard-Nielsen
    Pages 147-165Open Access
  10. Migration and Development Framework and Its Links to Integration

    • Russell King, Michael Collyer
    Pages 167-188Open Access
  11. Analysis and Conclusions

    • Rinus Penninx, Blanca Garcés-Mascareñas
    Pages 189-202Open Access
  12. Back Matter

    Pages 203-206

About this book

In this open access book, experts on integration processes, integration policies, transnationalism, and the migration and development framework provide an academic assessment of the 2011 European Agenda for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals, which calls for integration policies in the EU to involve not only immigrants and their society of settlement, but also actors in their country of origin. Moreover, a heuristic model is developed for the non-normative, analytical study of integration processes and policies based on conceptual, demographic, and historical accounts.

The volume addresses three interconnected issues: What does research have to say on (the study of) integration processes in general and on the relevance of actors in origin countries in particular? What is the state of the art of the study of integration policies in Europe and the use of the concept of integration in policy formulation and practice? Does the proposal to include actors in origin countries as important players in integration policies find legitimation in empirical research?

A few general conclusions are drawn. First, integration policies have developed at many levels of government: nationally, locally, regionally, and at the supra-national level of the EU. Second, a multitude of stakeholders has become involved in integration as policy designers and implementers. Finally, a logic of policymaking—and not an evidence-based scientific argument—can be said to underlie the European Commission’s redefinition of integration as a three-way process.

This book will appeal to academics and policymakers at international, European, national, regional, and local levels. It will also be of interest to graduate and master-level students of political science, sociology, social anthropology, international relations, criminology, geography, and history.


  • Integration as a Three-Way process
  • Integration of Third-Country Nationals
  • Integration processes and policies
  • Migrants' countries of origin
  • Relevance of actors in origin countries
  • Transnational practices
  • Transnationalism


A great source for studying fundamental issues and policies of migrant integration in Europe.
Professor Friedrich Heckmann, Director of European forum for migration studies, University of Bamberg
F. Heckmann



Historically grounded, thought-provoking in its conceptualisation of integration and ground breaking in its emphasis on the impact of countries of origin, exploring questions of vital importance to scholars and to policy makers from a local to European level.


Sarah Spencer

Director, Global Exchange on Migration and Diversity, COMPAS, Oxford.



If you want a succinct, comprehensive, and insightful summary of scholarship on the politics of immigrant reception and the complex interplay between receiving countries, sending countries, and the E.U., written by the foremost scholars in the field, this is the volume for you. 


John Mollenkopf, Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Sociology, The Graduate Center, City University of New York.

Editors and Affiliations

  • GRITIM, Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), Barcelona, Spain

    Blanca Garcés-Mascareñas

  • Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

    Rinus Penninx

Bibliographic Information

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)