Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. Ephraim Nkonya, Alisher Mirzabaev, Joachim von Braun
    Pages 1-14 Open Access
  3. Ephraim Nkonya, Joachim von Braun, Alisher Mirzabaev, Quang Bao Le, Ho-Young Kwon, Oliver Kirui
    Pages 15-32 Open Access
  4. Philipp Baumgartner, Jan Cherlet
    Pages 33-54 Open Access
  5. Quang Bao Le, Ephraim Nkonya, Alisher Mirzabaev
    Pages 55-84 Open Access
  6. Weston Anderson, Timothy Johnson
    Pages 85-116 Open Access
  7. Ephraim Nkonya, Weston Anderson, Edward Kato, Jawoo Koo, Alisher Mirzabaev, Joachim von Braun et al.
    Pages 117-165 Open Access
  8. Alisher Mirzabaev, Ephraim Nkonya, Jann Goedecke, Timothy Johnson, Weston Anderson
    Pages 167-195 Open Access
  9. Ho-Young Kwon, Ephraim Nkonya, Timothy Johnson, Valerie Graw, Edward Kato, Evelyn Kihiu
    Pages 197-214 Open Access
  10. Ephraim Nkonya, Timothy Johnson, Ho Young Kwon, Edward Kato
    Pages 215-259 Open Access
  11. Alisher Mirzabaev, Jann Goedecke, Olena Dubovyk, Utkur Djanibekov, Quang Bao Le, Aden Aw-Hassan
    Pages 261-290 Open Access
  12. Mariana E. Bouza, Adriana Aranda-Rickert, María Magdalena Brizuela, Marcelo G. Wilson, Maria Carolina Sasal, Silvana M. J. Sione et al.
    Pages 291-326 Open Access
  13. Ephraim Nkonya, Raghavan Srinivasan, Weston Anderson, Edward Kato
    Pages 327-383 Open Access
  14. Xiangzheng Deng, Zhihui Li
    Pages 385-399 Open Access
  15. Samuel Gebreselassie, Oliver K. Kirui, Alisher Mirzabaev
    Pages 401-430 Open Access
  16. Gurumurthy Mythili, Jann Goedecke
    Pages 431-469 Open Access
  17. Wellington Mulinge, Patrick Gicheru, Festus Murithi, Peter Maingi, Evelyne Kihiu, Oliver K. Kirui et al.
    Pages 471-498 Open Access
  18. Bokar Moussa, Ephraim Nkonya, Stefan Meyer, Edward Kato, Timothy Johnson, James Hawkins
    Pages 499-539 Open Access
  19. Alexey Sorokin, Aleksey Bryzzhev, Anton Strokov, Alisher Mirzabaev, Timothy Johnson, Sergey V. Kiselev
    Pages 541-576 Open Access
  20. Samba Sow, Ephraim Nkonya, Stefan Meyer, Edward Kato
    Pages 577-608 Open Access
  21. Aden Aw-Hassan, Vitalii Korol, Nariman Nishanov, Utkur Djanibekov, Olena Dubovyk, Alisher Mirzabaev
    Pages 651-682 Open Access
  22. Back Matter
    Pages 683-686

About this book


This volume deals with land degradation, which is occurring in almost all terrestrial biomes and agro-ecologies, in both low and high income countries and is stretching to about 30% of the total global land area. About three billion people reside in these degraded lands. However, the impact of land degradation is especially severe on livelihoods of the poor who heavily depend on natural resources. The annual global cost of land degradation due to land use and cover change (LUCC) and lower cropland and rangeland productivity is estimated to be about 300 billion USD. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) accounts for the largest share (22%) of the total global cost of land degradation. Only about 38% of the cost of land degradation due to LUCC - which accounts for 78% of the US$300 billion loss – is borne by land users and the remaining share (62%) is borne by consumers of ecosystem services off the farm.


The results in this volume indicate that reversing land degradation trends makes both economic sense, and has multiple social and environmental benefits. On average, one US dollar investment into restoration of degraded land returns five US dollars. The findings of the country case studies call for increased investments into the rehabilitation and restoration of degraded lands, including through such institutional and policy measures as strengthening community

participation for sustainable land management, enhancing government effectiveness and rule of law, improving access to markets and rural services, and securing land tenure.  


The assessment in this volume has been conducted at a time when there is an elevated interest in private land investments and when global efforts to achieve sustainable development objectives have intensified. In this regard, the results of this volume can contribute significantly to the ongoing policy debate and efforts to design strategies for achieving sustainable development goals and related efforts to address land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.


Cost of Action and Inaction Ecosystem Value Land Degradation Land Improvement Total Economic Value

Editors and affiliations

  • Ephraim Nkonya
    • 1
  • Alisher Mirzabaev
    • 2
  • Joachim von Braun
    • 3
  1. 1.International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)WashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Center for Development Research (ZEF)University of BonnBonnGermany
  3. 3.Center for Development Research (ZEF)University of BonnBonnGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and the Author(s) 2016
  • License CC BY-NC
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Economics and Finance
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-19167-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-19168-3
  • Buy this book on publisher's site