Non-equilibrium Dynamics of One-Dimensional Bose Gases

  • Tim┬áLangen
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Table of contents

About this book

Introduction

This work presents a series of experiments with ultracold one-dimensional Bose gases, which establish said gases as an ideal model system for exploring a wide range of non-equilibrium phenomena. With the help of newly developed tools, like full distributions functions and phase correlation functions, the book reveals the emergence of thermal-like transient states, the light-cone-like emergence of thermal correlations and the observation of generalized thermodynamic ensembles. This points to a natural emergence of classical statistical properties from the microscopic unitary quantum evolution, and lays the groundwork for a universal framework of non-equilibrium physics. The thesis investigates a central question that is highly contested in quantum physics: how and to which extent does an isolated quantum many-body system relax? This question arises in many diverse areas of physics, and many of the open problems appear at vastly different energy, time and length scales, ranging from high-energy physics and cosmology to condensed matter and quantum information. A key challenge in attempting to answer this question is the scarcity of quantum many-body systems that are both well isolated from the environment and accessible for experimental study.

Keywords

Atom chips Emergence of classical properties Generalized thermodynamic ensembles Matterwave interference One-dimensional Bose gases Prethermalization and thermalization Quantum many-body systems Relaxation in an isolated quantum many-body system Relaxation in one-dimensional bose gases Ultracold quantum gases

Authors and affiliations

  • Tim┬áLangen
    • 1
  1. 1.JILA, NIST and University of ColoradoBoulderUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-18564-4
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-18563-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-18564-4
  • Series Print ISSN 2190-5053
  • Series Online ISSN 2190-5061
  • About this book