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  • Book
  • Open Access
  • © 2015


The Work and Influence of Ted Nelson

  • Presents historical material on the very early years of personal computers that is not available in any other publication

  • Offers fascinating perspectives on the impact of Ted Nelson’s work, assembled from an interdisciplinary collection of globally renowned authors

  • Provides a unique intellectual biography of Ted Nelson and of his contributions to the evolution of personal computing

Part of the book series: History of Computing (HC)

Buying options

Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Table of contents (17 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xvi
  2. Artistic Contributions

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 1-1
    2. The Computer Age

      • Ed Subitzky
      Pages 3-5Open Access
    3. Odes to Ted Nelson

      • Ben Shneiderman
      Pages 7-11Open Access
  3. Peer Histories

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 13-13
    2. The Two-Eyed Man

      • Alan Kay
      Pages 15-23Open Access
    3. Ted Nelson’s Xanadu

      • Ken Knowlton
      Pages 25-28Open Access
    4. Hanging Out with Ted Nelson

      • Brewster Kahle
      Pages 29-31Open Access
    5. Riffing on Ted Nelson—Hypermind

      • Peter Schmideg, Laurie Spiegel
      Pages 33-44Open Access
    6. Intertwingled Inspiration

      • Andrew Pam
      Pages 45-49Open Access
    7. An Advanced Book for Beginners

      • Dick Heiser
      Pages 51-56Open Access
  4. Hypertext and Ted Nelson-Influenced Research

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 57-57
    2. The Importance of Ted’s Vision

      • Belinda Barnet
      Pages 59-66Open Access
    3. Data, Metadata, and Ted

      • Christine L. Borgman
      Pages 67-74Open Access
    4. Ted Nelson

      • Frode Hegland
      Pages 83-90Open Access
    5. History Debugged

      • Daniel Rosenberg
      Pages 91-103Open Access
    6. We Can and Must Understand Computers NOW

      • Noah Wardrip-Fruin
      Pages 105-112Open Access
    7. The Future of Transclusion

      • Robert M. Akscyn
      Pages 113-122Open Access

About this book

This engaging volume celebrates the life and work of Theodor Holm “Ted” Nelson, a pioneer and legendary figure from the history of early computing. Presenting contributions from world-renowned computer scientists and figures from the media industry, the book delves into hypertext, the docuverse, Xanadu and other products of Ted Nelson’s unique mind. Features: includes a cartoon and a sequence of poems created in Nelson’s honor, reflecting his wide-ranging and interdisciplinary intellect; presents peer histories, providing a sense of the milieu that resulted from Nelson’s ideas; contains personal accounts revealing what it is like to collaborate directly with Nelson; describes Nelson’s legacy from the perspective of his contemporaries from the computing world; provides a contribution from Ted Nelson himself. With a broad appeal spanning computer scientists, science historians and the general reader, this inspiring collection reveals the continuing influence of the original visionary of the World Wide Web.


  • Docuverse
  • Hypertext
  • World Wide Web
  • Xanadu
  • Zig-Zag
  • data structures

Editors and Affiliations

  • Chapman University, Orange, USA

    Douglas R. Dechow, Daniele C. Struppa

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Intertwingled

  • Book Subtitle: The Work and Influence of Ted Nelson

  • Editors: Douglas R. Dechow, Daniele C. Struppa

  • Series Title: History of Computing

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Computer Science, Computer Science (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and the Author(s) 2015

  • License: CC BY-NC

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-319-16924-8Published: 15 July 2015

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-3-319-36380-6Published: 15 October 2016

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-319-16925-5Published: 03 July 2015

  • Series ISSN: 2190-6831

  • Series E-ISSN: 2190-684X

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XVI, 150

  • Number of Illustrations: 43 b/w illustrations

  • Topics: History of Computing, Digital Humanities, Data Science, User Interfaces and Human Computer Interaction

Buying options

Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)