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Heterogeneous Catalysis and its Industrial Applications

  • Martin Schmal

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Martin Schmal
    Pages 1-4
  3. Martin Schmal
    Pages 5-9
  4. Martin Schmal
    Pages 11-26
  5. Martin Schmal
    Pages 27-62
  6. Martin Schmal
    Pages 63-97
  7. Martin Schmal
    Pages 161-187
  8. Martin Schmal, Carlos André C. Perez
    Pages 205-226
  9. Martin Schmal, Deborah C. Vargas
    Pages 227-250
  10. Martin Schmal, Carlos André C. Perez
    Pages 251-266
  11. Martin Schmal, Sonia M. R. Vasconcelos
    Pages 267-283
  12. Martin Schmal, Silvia Moya
    Pages 285-327
  13. Martin Schmal
    Pages 329-339
  14. Martin Schmal
    Pages 341-355
  15. Back Matter
    Pages 357-373

About this book

Introduction

This book aims to introduce the basic concepts involved in industrial catalytic processes. It is profusely illustrated with experimental results with the main objective of guiding how to select a suitable catalyst for specific processes. The book is divided in two parts. In the first part the basic concepts are addressed, regarding the existing theories, activity patterns and adsorption-desorption phenomena. In the second part the key experimental methods for the physicochemical characterization of catalysts are presented, as well as the currently used catalyst pre and post treatments. The last chapter describes some important in situ characterization techniques (e.g. XPS and TEM) and surface model patterns related to surface modifications occurring during the reaction. Thoroughly illustrated with microscopy images, spectroscopy data and schematics of reaction mechanisms, the book provides a powerful learning tool for students in undergraduate and graduate level courses on the field of catalysis. Exercises and resolved problems are provided, as well as experimental procedures to support laboratory classes. Furthermore, the content is presented in a carefully chosen sequence, reflecting the 30 year teaching experience of the author. The author, Professor Martin Schmal, sees the present book as a way of conveying basic knowledge needed for the development of more efficient catalysts (i.e. nanostructured materials) and novel industrial chemical processes in the fields of environmental chemistry, fine chemistry, hydrotreating of heavy oils, hydrogen production and biomass processing.

Keywords

Empirical Vs Theoretical Models for Selecting Cat. & Pro. In Situ Characterization of Catalysts Influence of Variables & Parameters for Comp. of the Catalyst Microkinetics for Determining Kinetic Parameters Microscopy of Nanostructured Catalysts Physicochemical and Chemical Characterization of Catalysts Selection of Catalysts for Chemical Processes Spectroscopic Analysis of Surface Properties Theoretical Background of Catalysis

Authors and affiliations

  • Martin Schmal
    • 1
  1. 1.Chem.Eng. Dept.Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)Rio de JaneiroBrazil

Bibliographic information