Skip to main content

Production of Ethanol from Sugarcane in Brazil

From State Intervention to a Free Market

  • Book
  • © 2014


  • Analyzes the institutional and organizational changes that have affected the sugarcane ethanol industry in Brazil
  • Investigates the process of deregulation of the sugarcane ethanol industry and the end products marketed under a system of government controls
  • Analyzes the period of government intervention in the industry and the subsequent process of deregulation
  • Includes supplementary material:

Part of the book series: Natural Resource Management and Policy (NRMP, volume 43)

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this book

eBook USD 84.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Hardcover Book USD 109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Other ways to access

Licence this eBook for your library

Institutional subscriptions

Table of contents (15 chapters)

  1. State Intervention in the Sugarcane Ethanol Industry in Brazil

  2. The Government Distances Itself in the 1990s: The Break and the Learning Curve


About this book

The success of Brazil in the large-scale production and use of fuel ethanol has been widely discussed and analyzed by other countries interested in adopting policies designed to encourage the use of biofuels. Within this context, certain questions arise: Could the Brazilian experience be replicated in other countries? What were the conditions that enabled the creation of the Brazilian Proálcool (National Ethanol Program and what lessons can be learned? To examine these issues, it is important to understand the functioning of the key, interconnected markets (those for sugarcane, sugar and ethanol), which, from their inception, were the objects of extensive government intervention until 1999. Two main conditions enabled the creation of Proálcool: robust production of sugarcane and sugar (tightly regulated by the government, which applied the numerous regulations then in place); and the military regime that was in place at the time, whose decision-making and enforcement powers were quite broad, facilitating the carrying out of the necessary actions, as well as making it easier to coordinate the activities of the various stakeholders and sectors involved. This book increases understanding of the functioning of the sugarcane supply chain in Brazil, not only during the phase of government intervention but also in recent years (in the free-market environment). The lessons, positive and negative, gleaned from the Brazilian experience can contribute to reflection on and the development of alternative modalities of biofuel production in other countries, making the book of interest to scholars and policy-makers concerned with biofuel and renewable resources as well as economic development.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Economics, Business and Sociology, Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture (ESALQ) ,University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, Brazil

    Márcia Azanha Ferraz Dias de Moraes

  • Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California, Berkeley, USA

    David Zilberman

Bibliographic Information

Publish with us