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  • Book
  • Open Access
  • © 2017

Instructional Scaffolding in STEM Education

Strategies and Efficacy Evidence

  • Describes scaffolding strategies in depth

  • Assesses the usefulness of various scaffolding characteristics

  • The first book to synthesize research on computer-based scaffolding

  • Includes supplementary material:

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Table of contents (6 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xi
  2. Introduction

    • Brian R. Belland
    Pages 1-15Open Access
  3. Instructional Scaffolding: Foundations and Evolving Definition

    • Brian R. Belland
    Pages 17-53Open Access
  4. Context of Use of Computer-Based Scaffolding

    • Brian R. Belland
    Pages 55-77Open Access
  5. Computer-Based Scaffolding Strategy

    • Brian R. Belland
    Pages 107-126Open Access
  6. Conclusion

    • Brian R. Belland
    Pages 127-142Open Access
  7. Back Matter

    Pages 143-144

About this book

This book uses meta-analysis to synthesize research on scaffolding and scaffolding-related interventions in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) education. Specifically, the volume examines the extent to which study quality, assessment type, and scaffolding characteristics (strategy, intended outcome, fading schedule, scaffolding intervention, and paired intervention) influence cognitive student outcomes. It includes detailed descriptions of the theoretical foundations of scaffolding, scaffolding strategies that have been proposed to meet different intended learning outcomes in STEM, and associated efficacy information. Furthermore, the book describes assessment strategies and study designs which can be used to evaluate the influence of scaffolding, and suggests new fields in which scaffolding strategies that have proven efficacious may be used.


  • Computer-based scaffolding
  • Goals in STEM education
  • Instructional scaffolding
  • STEM Education
  • Scaffolding characteristics
  • Scaffolding strategies

Authors and Affiliations

  • Utah State University , Logan, USA

    Brian R. Belland

About the author

Brian R. Belland ( is an Associate Professor of Instructional Technology and Learning Sciences at Utah State University. His research focuses on the use of technology to scaffold the development of argumentation skills among middle and high school students and is supported by a National Science Foundation Early CAREER grant and a National Science Foundation REESE grant. Dr. Belland is recipient of several national research awards including the 2007 Educational Technology Research and Development Young Scholar Award, the 2009 American Educational Research Association Instructional Technology Special Interest Group Best Paper Award, and the 2007 American Educational Research Association Problem-based Learning Special Interest Group Best Student Paper Award. He received his PhD in Educational Technology from Purdue University and his MA in French from The Ohio State University.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Instructional Scaffolding in STEM Education

  • Book Subtitle: Strategies and Efficacy Evidence

  • Authors: Brian R. Belland

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Education, Education (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and the Author(s) 2017

  • License: CC BY-NC

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-319-02564-3

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-3-319-79133-3

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-319-02565-0

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XI, 144

  • Number of Illustrations: 10 b/w illustrations

  • Topics: Science Education, Mathematics Education, Digital Education and Educational Technology

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)