Convergence of Knowledge, Technology and Society

Beyond Convergence of Nano-Bio-Info-Cognitive Technologies

  • Mihail C. Roco
  • William S. Bainbridge
  • Bruce Tonn
  • George Whitesides

Part of the Science Policy Reports book series (SCIPOLICY)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-lvi
  2. Mark Lundstrom, H.-S. Philip Wong
    Pages 1-52
  3. Donald MacGregor, Marietta Baba, Aude Oliva, Anne Collins McLaughlin, Walt Scacchi, Brian Scassellati et al.
    Pages 53-93
  4. Bruce Tonn, Mamadou Diallo, Nora Savage, Norman Scott, Pedro Alvarez, Alexander MacDonald et al.
    Pages 95-137
  5. Mihail C. Roco, George Whitesides, Jim Murday, Placid M. Ferreira, Giorgio Ascoli, Chin Hua Kong et al.
    Pages 139-184
  6. Robert G. Urban, Piotr Grodzinski, Amanda Arnold
    Pages 185-222
  7. James L. Olds, Philip Rubin, Donald MacGregor, Marc Madou, Anne McLaughlin, Aude Oliva et al.
    Pages 223-253
  8. Jian Cao, Michael A. Meador, Marietta L. Baba, Placid Mathew Ferreira, Marc Madou, Walt Scacchi et al.
    Pages 255-285
  9. James Murday, Larry Bell, James Heath, Chin Hua Kong, Robert Chang, Stephen Fonash et al.
    Pages 287-370
  10. Mamadou Diallo, Bruce Tonn, Pedro Alvarez, Philippe Bardet, Ken Chong, David Feldman et al.
    Pages 371-431
  11. Mihail C. Roco, David Rejeski, George Whitesides, Jake Dunagan, Alexander MacDonald, Erik Fisher et al.
    Pages 433-489
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 491-558

About this book


Convergence of knowledge and technology for the benefit of society (CKTS) is the core opportunity for progress in the 21st century, based on five principles: (1) the interdependence of all components of nature and society, (2) enhancement of creativity and innovation through evolutionary processes of convergence that combine existing principles, and divergence that generates new ones, (3) decision analysis for research and development based on system-logic deduction, (4) higher-level cross-domain languages to generate new solutions and support transfer of new knowledge, and (5) vision-inspired basic research embodied in grand challenges. Solutions are outlined for key societal challenges, including creating new industries and jobs, improving lifelong wellness and human potential, achieving personalized and integrated healthcare and education, and securing a sustainable quality of life for all. This report provides a ten-year “NBIC2” vision within a longer-term framework for converging technology and human progress that began with a previous study on “NBIC” fields: nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology, and cognitive science (Roco and Bainbridge, 2003).

 This is truly an impressive body of work, which advances a transformative collection of concepts that could impact many areas of society and science. The ideas of this study are exciting.

  Tinsley Oden, University of Texas, Austin (April 2013)

  The CKTS study presents inspirational ideas behind the concept of convergence and identifies ground-breaking opportunities for human progress through such convergence.

  Christos Tokamanis, Nanotechnology and Converging Technologies, EU, Brussels (May 2013)

 The study provides a systematic and unified, internationally benchmarked framework for convergence that is relevant to policymakers, entrepreneurs, researchers, and the general public.

  Jo-Won Lee, Hanyang University, Korea (June 2013)

 I consider .. the first NBIC study in 2001.. as an historical landmark that has caused a new dynamic in the reflection on these new technologies within the broad scientific and governmental community.

  Frank Theys, Co-producer for public broadcasters ZDF/ARTE, Germany & France (June 2013)


Applied Research, Product Development, and Manufacturing Computers and Society Emerging Technologies Knowledge-to-governance NBIC Convergence NBIC Technologies Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Information Technology, Cognitive Sciences WTEC Reports

Editors and affiliations

  • Mihail C. Roco
    • 1
  • William S. Bainbridge
    • 2
  • Bruce Tonn
    • 3
  • George Whitesides
    • 4
  1. 1.National Science FoundationArlingtonUSA
  2. 2.National Science FoundationArlingtonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA
  4. 4.Dept of Chemistry and Chemical BiologyHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2013
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Chemistry and Materials Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-02203-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-02204-8
  • Series Print ISSN 2213-1965
  • Series Online ISSN 2213-1973
  • About this book