Innovation, Human Capital and Trade Competitiveness

How Are They Connected and Why Do They Matter?

  • Marzenna Anna Weresa

Part of the Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management book series (ITKM)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Human Capital and Innovations vs. Competitive Advantages in Foreign Trade: Theoretical and Model Approach

  3. Changes in Competitive Advantages in Foreign Trade and National Innovation Systems' Development: Comparing Countries in Europe, North America and Asia

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 159-159
    2. Ireneusz Bil, Krzysztof Falkowski, Arkadiusz Michał Kowalski
      Pages 161-228
    3. Andreas Bielig, Józef Olszyński, Grażyna Wojtkowska-Łodej, Oskar Kowalewski, Tomasz Napiórkowski
      Pages 229-318
    4. Mariusz-Jan Radło, Marcin Gomułka
      Pages 319-355
    5. Krzysztof Falkowski, Günter Heiduk, Agnieszka McCaleb, Beata Michorowska
      Pages 357-439
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 441-486

About this book


This work focuses on researching and establishing the importance of human capital and innovation as determinants of competitive advantages in international trade—in the context of rapidly evolving technological advancement, globalization, and economic integration.  The processes that accompany the shift from industrial economics to a knowledge-based economy are currently the object of interest of both scientists, politicians, investors and entrepreneurs. In many countries, the traditional sources of socioeconomic development, such as low labor costs, availability of inexpensive raw materials, and favorable geographic location are waning.  These economies are searching for new sources of competitive advantage that will allow for maintaining growth, among other things by boosting participation in international trade.

The book explores non-traditional drivers of competitiveness in both theory and practice.  First, chapters 1 through 4 present theoretical and methodological aspects of the relationships among international trade, human capital and innovation. Here the authors address the controversy associated with the concept of competitiveness itself and its measurement, while paying special attention to the political development of comparative advantages related to international trade.  The second part of the monograph, chapters 5 through 8, is of empirical nature. This section contains case studies of selected countries that represent models of various national innovation systems.  Finally, the theoretical and practical aspects are integrated, allowing policymakers and financial and business leaders to consider how their decisions can influence their countries’ competitive positions through their investments in innovation and human capital.


Competitive advantage Competitiveness Human capital Innovation International trade Knowledge economy

Editors and affiliations

  • Marzenna Anna Weresa
    • 1
  1. 1.Warsaw School of EconomicsWorld Economy Research InstituteWarsawPoland

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Business and Economics
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-02071-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-02072-3
  • Series Print ISSN 2197-5698
  • Series Online ISSN 2197-5701
  • About this book