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50 Years of Brown Dwarfs

From Prediction to Discovery to Forefront of Research

  • Viki Joergens

Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 401)

About this book

Introduction

The years 2012/2013 mark the 50th anniversary of the theoretical prediction that Brown Dwarfs, i.e. degenerate objects which are just not massive enough to sustain stable hydrogen fusion, exist. Some 20 years after their discovery, how Brown Dwarfs form is still one of the main open questions in the theory of star formation.

In this volume, the pioneers of Brown Dwarf research review the history of the theoretical prediction and the subsequent discovery of Brown Dwarfs. After an introduction, written by Viki Joergens, reviewing Shiv Kumar's theoretical prediction of the existence of brown dwarfs, Takenori Nakano reviews his and Hayashi's calculation of the Hydrogen Burning Minimum Mass. Both predictions happened in the early 1960s. Jill Tarter then writes on the introduction of the term 'Brown Dwarf', before Ben Oppenheimer, Rafael Rebolo and Gibor Basri describe their first discovery of Brown Dwarfs in the 1990s. Lastly, Michael Cushing and Isabelle Baraffe describe the development of the field to the current state of the art.

While the book is mainly aimed at the Brown Dwarf research community, the description of the pioneering period in a scientific field will attract general readers interested in astronomy as well.

Keywords

Brown Dwarf Discovery Brown Dwarf Prediction Brown Dwarf Research Brown Dwarfs in Binary Systems Degeneracy in Stars Failed Stars Giant Planets Reviews on Brown Dwarfs Teide 1

Editors and affiliations

  • Viki Joergens
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Theoretical AstrophysicsMax-Planck-Institute for AstronomyHeidelbergGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-01162-2
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-01161-5
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-01162-2
  • Series Print ISSN 0067-0057
  • Series Online ISSN 2214-7985
  • Buy this book on publisher's site