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Palgrave Macmillan

How Liberal Democracies Defend Their Cyber Networks from Hackers

Strategies of Deterrence

  • Book
  • © 2024


  • Looks at how liberal democracies confront cybersecurity threats from nondemocratic regimes
  • Offers a range of policy suggestions to strengthen defense against these threats
  • Examines how rule of law serves as a constraint on the use of force

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Table of contents (7 chapters)


About this book

This book outlines the main technological, legal, and operational options that liberal democratic nations have when confronting challenges in cyberspace. It offers a range of policy ideas they can adopt to make their defense stronger and deter future cyber-attacks. The author explores how liberal societies, especially those in the Western world, have so far confronted a variety of cybersecurity challenges by hackers in nondemocratic regimes like Russia and China. and zooms in on the main challenges that democratic states face in adopting strategies of cyber deterrence, and how those challenges shape their ability to actually deter hackers.


“A much-needed, timely analysis of evolving cyber security concerns for liberal democracies. Katagiri puts forward the notion of cyber deterrence as presenting viable strategic options for countering hacking group sponsored by authoritarian states. This erudite and balanced study on the opportunities and challenges associated with cyber deterrence in democratic contexts will make a significant contribution to literature on emerging technologies in International Relations.” 
- Ingvild Bode, Associate Professor and Principal Investigator of ERC AutoNorms, Center for War Studies, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark 

"Katagiri moves us beyond the often too military-focused analyses of cyber operations and defense. The book is a tremendous recovery of the fundamental difficulty that liberal democracies have in cyberspace. How liberal democracies defend their cyber networks from hackers is unrelenting in its concern for the incomplete and often weak tools that democracies have to deter opportunistic states. A must-read for any scholar thinking about states and cyberspace strategies."
-Dr. Nina Kollars, Associate Professor, Cyber and Innovation Policy Institute, United States Naval War College

Authors and Affiliations

  • Political Science, St. Louis University, St Louis, USA

    Nori Katagiri

About the author

Nori Katagiri is Associate Professor of Political Science and Coordinator (Director) of International Studies at Saint Louis University (SLU). He is also Associate Editor of Global Studies Quarterly and the author of Adapting to Win: How Insurgent Forces Fight and Defeat Foreign States in War. He holds a Ph.D. in political science from the University of Pennsylvania

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: How Liberal Democracies Defend Their Cyber Networks from Hackers

  • Book Subtitle: Strategies of Deterrence

  • Authors: Nori Katagiri

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Cham

  • eBook Packages: Political Science and International Studies, Political Science and International Studies (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2024

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-031-54560-3Published: 25 April 2024

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-3-031-54563-4Due: 26 May 2024

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-031-54561-0Published: 24 April 2024

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XIII, 139

  • Number of Illustrations: 1 b/w illustrations

  • Topics: International Relations Theory

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