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Thermodynamics and Equilibria in Earth System Sciences: An Introduction

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  • Open Access
  • © 2024

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  • Introduces thermodynamics targeted to Earth Sciences
  • Covers concisely first and second law and their application in Earth System Sciences
  • Explains chemical equilibria focused on carbon dioxide-water system
  • This book is open access, which means that you have free and unlimited access

Part of the book series: SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences (BRIEFSEARTHSYST)

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About this book

Thermodynamics is needed to understand many processes on Earth, be they physical, chemical, or biological. Thermodynamics is critical to study the atmosphere (lapse rate, fohn winds, circulation), hydrosphere (latent and sensible heat, pressure dependence of freezing/boiling points), geosphere (geothermal gradients, mineral stability) and the biosphere (redox zonation, evolution of biogeochemical cycles). This introduction to thermodynamics and equilibria aims to provide the basic concepts of relevance for atmospheric, marine, climate, and environmental sciences and to prepare students for more advanced classes in physical chemistry, mineralogy, and petrology.

This is an open access book.


Table of contents (7 chapters)

  1. Thermodynamics

  2. Equilibria: Solutions, Minerals, Acid-Base and Redox Reactions

Authors and Affiliations

  • Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands

    Jack J. Middelburg

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Thermodynamics and Equilibria in Earth System Sciences: An Introduction

  • Authors: Jack J. Middelburg

  • Series Title: SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Chemistry and Materials Science, Chemistry and Material Science (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2024

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-3-031-53406-5Published: 28 February 2024

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-031-53407-2Published: 27 February 2024

  • Series ISSN: 2191-589X

  • Series E-ISSN: 2191-5903

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: VIII, 88

  • Number of Illustrations: 1 b/w illustrations, 16 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Geochemistry, Thermodynamics, Geology

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