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From Automated to Autonomous Driving

A Transnational Research History on Pioneers, Artifacts and Technological Change (1950-2000)

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  • © 2024


  • Explains the difference between automated and autonomous driving
  • Retraces the shift from infrastructure- to vehicle-based approaches
  • Reveals that all thinking about the automobile must include the road

Part of the book series: Archimedes (ARIM, volume 70)

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Table of contents (6 chapters)


About this book

This book presents the most important milestones of the research on automated and autonomous driving in the United States, Japan and Europe throughout five decades (1950-2000). Drawing on sources from the automotive industry, electrical engineering, the robotics and AI-domain and military institutions, it retraces the transition from the guidance-cable approach to vehicle-based sensor and vision systems. Giving a detailed overview of the technical concepts, artefacts, research vehicles and robots, the book presents the transnational engineering efforts that started long before Silicon Valley entered the field. In addition, the book also uniquely details the role of the military in the domain of vehicle automation. This all ensures the book is of great interest to historians of technology, practitioners in engineering disciplines, scholars working in mobility studies, journalists, and political decision makers.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Equipe d’Histoire des Techniques, Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne University, Paris, France

    Fabian Kröger

About the author

Fabian Kröger is a cultural scientist and historian of technology, specialized in the field of mobility studies. His main research field is the cultural and technical history of the automobile. He published on the automobile in film, the imaginary of autonomous driving, the future of the automobile and the car as vision machine. His PhD-thesis focused on the relations between cultural images and scientific knowledge of car accidents in France and the United States. His articles had been published in German, English, French and Czech.

He was fellow of a project on autonomous driving funded by the Daimler and Benz Foundation. As assistant researcher at the media studies department of Paderborn University he supervised a journal issue on the gender dimension of autonomous driving. The imaginary of trains in cinema was another topic he explored for the French think-tank Forum Vie Mobiles in Paris. He is member of the French association P2M and of the Society of History of Technology in Germany. For seven years he was member of the Editorial board of Transfers – Interdisciplinary Journal of Mobility studies.

Funded by the University of Bundeswehr Munich, his current book is the first monograph on the research history of autonomous driving, covering five decades of research in the US, Japan and Europe. It gives insights into the long-term research efforts in the field of vehicle automation, mobile robots and artificial intelligence.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: From Automated to Autonomous Driving

  • Book Subtitle: A Transnational Research History on Pioneers, Artifacts and Technological Change (1950-2000)

  • Authors: Fabian Kröger

  • Series Title: Archimedes

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: History, History (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2024

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-031-49880-0Published: 02 April 2024

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-3-031-49883-1Due: 03 May 2024

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-031-49881-7Published: 01 April 2024

  • Series ISSN: 1385-0180

  • Series E-ISSN: 2215-0064

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XI, 307

  • Number of Illustrations: 30 b/w illustrations, 43 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: History of Science, Robotics, Automotive Engineering, Artificial Intelligence, Image Processing and Computer Vision

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