Skip to main content
  • Book
  • © 2022

Women in Pediatrics

The Past, Present and Future

  • Examines the impact of gender bias on women in pediatrics

  • Frames current innovation and strategy to ultimate equity for women in medicine

  • Examines the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on women in pediatrics

Buying options

eBook USD 109.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-98222-5
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book USD 139.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Table of contents (15 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xvii
  2. Where We Started – History of Women in Pediatrics

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 1-1
    2. Stories of Early Leaders/Early Days of Women in Pediatrics

      • Barbara Overholser, Jennifer K. O’Toole, Nancy D. Spector
      Pages 3-11
  3. Current State of Affairs

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 13-13
    2. Women Entering Pediatrics

      • Kheyandra D. Lewis, Teri L. Turner
      Pages 15-30
    3. Women Practicing in Pediatrics

      • Eleanor Sharp, Catherine Forster, Samir Shah, Kayce Morton
      Pages 31-47
    4. Leadership in Pediatrics

      • Kelsey Logan, Archana Chatterjee
      Pages 49-62
    5. Women of Color in Pediatrics

      • Alda Maria Gonzaga, Rita P. Guevara
      Pages 63-74
    6. National Campaigns and Organizations Focused on Gender Equity in Pediatrics

      • Louito Edje, Eliza Lo Chin, Yemisi Jones
      Pages 75-93
    7. Childbearing, Adoption, Motherhood, and Eldercare by Women in Pediatrics

      • Laura Chamorro Dauer, Amy Starmer, Sharon Calaman
      Pages 95-106
  4. Where Do We Go from Here: Achieving Equity and Advancement for Women in the Future

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 107-107
    2. How Leaders in Pediatrics Can Support Women

      • Tina L. Cheng, Douglas Carlson
      Pages 109-121
    3. Allies in Gender Equity Efforts in Pediatrics

      • Jorge F. Ganem, Glenn Rosenbluth, Howard Yee Liu
      Pages 135-148
    4. Research, Funding, and Publication for Women in Pediatrics

      • Karen M. Wilson, Beth A. Tarini
      Pages 149-156
    5. Networking, Mentorship, Sponsorship, Coaching, and Career Development Activities to Support Women in Pediatrics

      • Jennifer K. O’Toole, Barbara Overholser, Nancy D. Spector
      Pages 157-167
    6. Advocacy Efforts in Pediatrics

      • Anika Kumar, Pam Shaw
      Pages 169-181
    7. Supporting the Health and Wellbeing of Women in Pediatrics

      • Anisha Thaker, Mary Ottolini, Shilpa J. Patel
      Pages 183-199
    8. Conclusion: Women in Pediatrics

      • Jennifer K. O’Toole, Barbara Overholser, Nancy D. Spector
      Pages 201-202
  5. Back Matter

    Pages 203-208

About this book

Women comprise the majority of pediatricians in the United States and yet there has been slow progress in leadership diversity and equity in the field overall. While there have been many academic journal articles that examine women’s roles, challenges and successes in the field, there is not one, overarching book that follows the path of women into the profession, the challenges they encountered in the early years – and still encounter - the successes they’ve had, and what the future might look like. This book fills that gap in medical literature.

Because women are so well-represented in the field, one would think that pediatrics should be leading the way in gender equity achievements, but this is not the case. This text examines the disparities, the boundaries that are in place, the impact of intersectionality on equity, the toll gender discrimination has on the health and wellness of women in pediatrics, and best practices that can help achieve gender equity in the field. The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated the disparities that women, and in particular women with intersectionality, face. This book also examines the immediate impact of the pandemic on women in pediatrics, what future implications may be, and how we can potentially mitigate them. Equity strategies that can be implemented by healthcare institutions, professional societies and other medical organizations are also discussed.

The book is divided into three main sections. The first section gives an overview of the history of women in pediatrics by describing stories of early leaders and the early days of women in pediatrics. The second section reviews the current state of affairs in women in pediatrics. Chapters in this section detail women entering and practicing in pediatrics; leadership; women of color; women conducting research; national campaigns and efforts focused on gender equity; and childbearing, adoption, motherhood and eldercare by women in pediatrics. The final section describes the future of women in pediatrics. The seven chapters in this section discuss leaders in pediatrics supporting women; policies and programs to advance equity; allies in gender equity efforts; research, funding and publication for women; networking, mentorship, sponsorship, coaching, and career development activities; advocacy efforts; and supporting the health and wellbeing of women in pediatrics.

Written by experts in the field, Women in Pediatrics is a valuable resource for all pediatricians in academic or community-based medicine, as well as those involved in pediatric sub-specialties. On a broader level, this text is also of interest to all other women involved in medicine and science.


  • pediatrics
  • women
  • history
  • leadership
  • gender
  • equity

Editors and Affiliations

  • Executive Leadership in Academic Medicine® (ELAM), Office of Faculty Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA

    Nancy D. Spector

  • Internal Medicine-Pediatrics Residency Program, Departments of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, USA

    Jennifer K. O'Toole

  • Drexel University College of Medicine, Executive Leadership in Academic Medicine® (ELAM), Philadelphia, USA

    Barbara Overholser

About the editors

Dr. Nancy Spector is a Professor of Pediatrics and serves in dual roles at the Drexel University College of Medicine (DUCOM): as Executive Director of the Hedwig van Ameringen Executive Leadership in Academic Medicine® (ELAM) program, a part-time year long, national leadership fellowship program for women in academic medicine, dentistry, public health, and pharmacy, and as Vice Dean for Faculty. Known for her leadership abilities and her facilitation skills, Dr. Spector is sought after as a speaker and a visiting professor. Her contributions to academic medicine are in leadership skills development, professional development, gender equity, mentoring and sponsorship, and curriculum development and implementation. She is a member of PROWD (Promoting and Respecting Our Women Doctors).  In addition to her roles at DUCOM, she has been the educational leader of the I-PASS Handoff Study Group and serves as the Chair of the I-PASS Executive Council and is a co-founder of the I-PASS Safety Institute.


Dr. Spector was elected to Alpha Omega Alpha and is member of the Society for Pediatric Research and the American Pediatric Society.  She has received numerous awards for teaching, mentoring and innovation, including the Robert S. Holm Award for her extraordinary contribution in pediatric program director leadership and mentorship from the Association of Pediatric Program Directors, the Elias Abrutyn Mentoring Award from Drexel University College of Medicine, the Miller Sarkin Mentoring Award from the Academic Pediatric Association, the Elizabeth Bingham Award from the Association for Women in Science, Philadelphia chapter, the Women in Medicine Summit She for She Award, the American Medical Association Inspiration Award, and the Association of American Medical Colleges GWIMS Leadership Award for an Individual. The I-PASS Study group that she leads was a HBS/HMS health acceleration challenge finalist and received the Cox Award, and the I-PASS Handoff Program received the John M. Eisenberg National Patient Safety and Quality Award, Joint Commission and National Quality Forum.

Dr. Jennifer O’Toole is a pediatric and adult hospitalist at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center and University of Cincinnati Medical Center, and a professor of pediatrics and internal medicine at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine (UCCOM). She serves as program director of Cincinnati’s Combined Internal Medicine and Pediatrics Residency Program as well as the Director of Education for the Division of Hospital Medicine and Co-President of the Women in Medicine and Science (WIMS) Organization at Cincinnati Children's. From 2015-2018 she served as co-chair of the APA’s Hospital Medicine Special Interest Group and co-chair of the planning committee for the 2018 PHM Conference. Since 2010 she has held the role of site principal investigator at Cincinnati Children's for the I-PASS Study Group and she is also a member of the ABP’s PHM sub-board. For the past two years, Dr. O’Toole has led a steering committee working to launch an organization known as ADVANCE PHM. This organization will strive to achieve equity, leadership, and advancement for the women of Hospital Medicine in collaboration with national organizations. Dr. O'Toole has received the Emerging Leadership Award for an Individual from the AAMC's Group on Women in Medicine and Science, the Society of Hospital Medicine's (SHM) Award for Teaching Excellence, the inaugural Med-Peds Program Director's Brendan P. Kelly Award, and the Cincinnati Children's Faculty Education Achievement Award.

Barbara Overholser, MA, is the director of stakeholder engagement and communications for the Drexel University College of Medicine Hedwig van Ameringen Executive Leadership in Academic Medicine® (ELAM) program. She is responsible for planning and executing the engagement and communications strategies for ELAM and for strengthening the program’s relationships with its fellows, alumnae, key partners and external stakeholders. She holds a BA from the University of Pennsylvania and an MA in communications from Temple University.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Women in Pediatrics

  • Book Subtitle: The Past, Present and Future

  • Editors: Nancy D. Spector, Jennifer K. O'Toole, Barbara Overholser

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Medicine, Medicine (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-3-030-98221-8Published: 12 May 2022

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-98222-5Published: 11 May 2022

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XVII, 208

  • Number of Illustrations: 5 b/w illustrations, 19 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Pediatrics

Buying options

eBook USD 109.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-98222-5
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book USD 139.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)