Examines unconventional water resources as a response to global water security
Provides insights into the way forward in harnessing unconventional water resources
Water as an instrument for international cooperation in achieving sustainable development
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Table of contents (14 chapters)
Setting the Scene
Tapping Offshore and Onshore Deep Groundwater
About this book
The world is faced with a growing number of complex and interconnected challenges. Water is among the top 5 global risks in terms of impacts, which would be far reaching beyond socio-economic challenges, impacting livelihoods and wellbeing of the people.
As freshwater resources and population densities are unevenly distributed across the world, some regions and countries are already water scarce. Water scarcity is expected to intensify in regions like the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), which has 6% of the global population, but only 1% of the world’s freshwater resources. Climate change adds to this complexity as it is leading to rainfall uncertainty and extended droughts periods, mostly in arid areas.
The stark fact is that conventional water provisioning approaches relying on snowfall, rainfall and river runoff are not enough to meet growing freshwater demand in water-scarce areas. Water-scarce countries need a radical re-think of water resource planning and management that includes the creative exploitation of a growing set of viable but unconventional water resources for food production, livelihoods, ecosystems, climate change adaption, and sustainable development. Unconventional water resources are generated as a by-product of specialized processes; need suitable pre-use treatment; require pertinent on-farm management when used for irrigation; or result from a special technology to collect/access water.
- Water scarcity
- Agricultural drainage water
- Municipal waste water
- Ballast water
- Water transportation
- Climate change impacts
- Sustainable development
- Rain and storm water
- Environmental Impact
Editors and Affiliations
United Nations University Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH), Hamilton, Canada
Manzoor Qadir, Vladimir Smakhtin
Land and Water Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy
United Nations University Institute for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of Resources (UNU-FLORES), Dresden, Germany
About the editors
Vladimir Smakhtin has over 35 years of experience as a Researcher and Manager in the broad area of water resources. He holds a Ph.D. in hydrology and water resources from the Russian Academy of Sciences. He worked at Rhodes University and Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in South Africa, and as a research program director at IWMI headquartered in Sri Lanka. His experience spreads across agricultural and environmental water management, low-flow and drought analyses, assessment of basin development and climate change impacts on water availability, provision of hydrological information for data-poor regions, water-related disaster risk management. He initiated, managed, or contributed to numerous research initiatives in over 20 countries worldwide, including the state programme for mitigating the consequences of Chernobyl Accident in Russia and Ukraine, development of Ecological Reserve methods in South Africa, a first global analysis of ecosystem water requirements, and several projects focusing on managing water resources variability through enhanced surface and groundwater storage. Vladimir has authored over 200 publications and has consulted for several national governments and international organizations including the Department of Water Affairs of South Africa, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, World Commission on Dams, WB, ADB, IUCN and UNEP.
Sasha has nearly 35 years of experience in international assistance and policy development in agriculture water and environment/natural resource management. Currently, she is the Deputy Director and Head of Water at the UN Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO), leading programs on sustainable land and water management and governance, geospatial data, integrated water resources management with linkages to climate, energy, health, and food and nutrition security. She formerly served as Senior Advisor to the leadership at the U.S. EPA, and as Secretariat of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), where she directed and managed international environment and water programs, strategized in the development of various sustainable investment mechanisms such as wastewater financing in the GEF Caribbean Wastewater Revolving Fund and the Millennium Challenge Corporation Cabo Verde Compact on sustainable water infrastructure financing. She is now on the Governing Boards of the World Water Council and the CGIAR’s Water Land Ecosystems, and UNEP Global Partnerships on nutrient and wastewater management. She published, sponsored and peer-reviewed extensively on international water issues, such as the UN World Water Development Reports, FAO-WHO Wastewater Reuse Guidelines for Agriculture, FAO reports on Agriculture-Nature Based Solutions, Wealth of Waste: The Economics of Wastewater Reuse, Desalination and Agriculture, Agriculture Water Quality Guidelines for China, and the OECD country Water Governance reviews.
Edeltraud Guenther is an internationally recognized economist and professor of business management. She is currently serving as the Director of the United Nations University Institute for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of Resources (UNU-FLORES), based in Dresden, Germany, and has held the position of Chair of Business Management, Sustainability Management and Environmental Accounting, at the Faculty of Business and Economics at Technische Universität Dresden (TU Dresden) since 1996. Additionally, Edeltraud is the founding member and current Chair of the Centre for Performance and Policy Research in Sustainability Measurement and Assessment (PRISMA) and has undertaken visiting professorships at Namibia University of Science and Technology (NUST), Kobe University, and University of Virginia. Edeltraud was also one of the establishing Directors and the first Chair for the UNU Water Network, which was initiated in 2019. In 2020, she was appointed UNU Senior Official for the Environmental Management Group (EMG). Edeltraud’s extensive research covers sustainability management, environmental accounting, and management control systems, with an emphasis on corporate responsibility, life cycle assessment, resilience, and sustainability assessment – particularly the question of ‘how does it pay to be sustainable’?
Book Title: Unconventional Water Resources
Editors: Manzoor Qadir, Vladimir Smakhtin, Sasha Koo-Oshima, Edeltraud Guenther
Publisher: Springer Cham
Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022
Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-030-90145-5Published: 06 May 2022
Softcover ISBN: 978-3-030-90148-6Published: 06 May 2023
eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-90146-2Published: 26 May 2022
Edition Number: 1
Number of Pages: XII, 309
Number of Illustrations: 16 b/w illustrations, 46 illustrations in colour