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Computational Modelling of the Brain

Modelling Approaches to Cells, Circuits and Networks

Editors:

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  • Offers an up-to-date overview of concepts and modern approaches in computational modelling

  • Discusses computational models from single molecule and cellular levels to circuits and networks

  • Aimed at neurobiology, mathematics, physics and computer science students interested in computational modelling

Part of the book series: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology (AEMB, volume 1359)

Part of the book sub series: Cellular Neuroscience, Neural Circuits and Systems Neuroscience (CNNCSN)

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Table of contents (13 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xii
  2. Cellular Scale

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 1-1
    2. Modeling Neurons in 3D at the Nanoscale

      • Weiliang Chen, Iain Hepburn, Alexey Martyushev, Erik De Schutter
      Pages 3-24
    3. Modeling Dendrites and Spatially-Distributed Neuronal Membrane Properties

      • Spyridon Chavlis, Panayiota Poirazi
      Pages 25-67
    4. A User’s Guide to Generalized Integrate-and-Fire Models

      • Emerson F. Harkin, Jean-Claude Béïque, Richard Naud
      Pages 69-86
    5. Neuron–Glia Interactions and Brain Circuits

      • Marja-Leena Linne, Jugoslava Aćimović, Ausra Saudargiene, Tiina Manninen
      Pages 87-103
  3. Microcircuit Scale

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 105-105
    2. The Mean Field Approach for Populations of Spiking Neurons

      • Giancarlo La Camera
      Pages 125-157Open Access
    3. Multidimensional Dynamical Systems with Noise

      • Hugh Osborne, Lukas Deutz, Marc de Kamps
      Pages 159-178
    4. Computing Extracellular Electric Potentials from Neuronal Simulations

      • Torbjørn V. Ness, Geir Halnes, Solveig Næss, Klas H. Pettersen, Gaute T. Einevoll
      Pages 179-199
    5. Bringing Anatomical Information into Neuronal Network Models

      • S. J. van Albada, A. Morales-Gregorio, T. Dickscheid, A. Goulas, R. Bakker, S. Bludau et al.
      Pages 201-234
  4. Network Scale

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 235-235
    2. Computational Concepts for Reconstructing and Simulating Brain Tissue

      • Felix Schürmann, Jean-Denis Courcol, Srikanth Ramaswamy
      Pages 237-259Open Access
    3. Reconstruction of the Hippocampus

      • Armando Romani, Felix Schürmann, Henry Markram, Michele Migliore
      Pages 261-283Open Access
    4. Challenges for Place and Grid Cell Models

      • Oleksandra Soldatkina, Francesca Schönsberg, Alessandro Treves
      Pages 285-312
    5. Whole-Brain Modelling: Past, Present, and Future

      • John D. Griffiths, Sorenza P. Bastiaens, Neda Kaboodvand
      Pages 313-355
  5. Back Matter

    Pages 357-359

About this book

This volume offers an up-to-date overview of essential concepts and modern approaches to computational modelling, including the use of experimental techniques related to or directly inspired by them. The book introduces, at increasing levels of complexity and with the non-specialist in mind, state-of-the-art topics ranging from single-cell and molecular descriptions to circuits and networks.

Four major themes are covered, including subcellular modelling of ion channels and signalling pathways at the molecular level, single-cell modelling at different levels of spatial complexity, network modelling from local microcircuits to large-scale simulations of entire brain areas and practical examples. Each chapter presents a systematic overview of a specific topic and provides the reader with the fundamental tools needed to understand the computational modelling of neural dynamics.

This book is aimed at experimenters and graduate students with little or no prior knowledge of modelling who are interested in learning about computational models from the single molecule to the inter-areal communication of brain structures. The book will appeal to computational neuroscientists, engineers, physicists and mathematicians interested in contributing to the field of neuroscience.

Chapters 6, 10 and 11 are available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com. 

Keywords

  • Computational Neuroscience
  • Ion Channels
  • Mathematical Models
  • Neurons
  • Simulation
  • Spiking Neural Networks

Editors and Affiliations

  • International School of Advanced Studies, Trieste, Italy

    Michele Giugliano

  • Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

    Mario Negrello

  • Polytechnic University of Milan, Milano, Italy

    Daniele Linaro

About the editors

Michele Giugliano graduated in Electronic Engineering in 1997 at the Univ. of Genova (Italy), and received his PhD in Bioengineering and Computational Neuroscience in 2001 from the Polytechnic of Milan (Italy).

He then received an award from the Human Frontiers Science Program Organisation to pursue postdoctoral training in experimental cell electrophysiology at the Inst. of Physiology of the Univ. of Bern (Switzerland), working with Prof. Hans-Rudolf Luescher and Prof. Stefano Fusi.

In 2005, he joined as junior group leader the experimental laboratory of Prof. Henry Markram at the Brain Mind Institute of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology of Lausanne. In 2008 he was appointed faculty at the University of Antwerpen (Belgium), taking over the Theoretical Neurobiology lab founded by Prof. Erik De Schutter and extending its scope to interdisciplinary research in experimental neuroscience and neuroengineering. During the period 2013-2015, he was also visiting scientist at the Neuroelectronics Flanders Institute at IMEC, Leuven.

From 2016 to 2019, he was full professor in Antwerp and he has served visiting academic positions at the University of Sheffield (UK). Today, since 2019, he has been Principal Investigator and lab director at the International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA) of Trieste, Italy, where he relocated his team.

Since 2008, Michele Giugliano has taught Computational Neurobiology to undergraduate and graduate students from a variety of backgrounds in Life Sciences, Biomedical Sciences, Physics, and Computer Science.

Michele Giugliano’s research activities lays at the interface among cell electrophysiology, computational neuroscience, and neurotechnology. He discovered the rapid time-scales associated to neuronal excitability in the rodent and human cortex, and pioneered the use of nanomaterials for building interfaces between artificial devices and the neural tissue.

Mario Negrello obtained a mechanical engineering degree in Brazil (1997), and later after a period in the industry (VW, 1999-2004) obtained his Masters degree (2006) and PhD (summa cum laude) in Cognitive Science at the University of Osnabrück in Germany, in 2009. At the Fraunhofer Institute in Sankt Augustin (Germany) for Intelligent Dynamics and Autonomous Systems, he researched artificial evolution of neural network controllers for autonomous robots (2007/08). This work was awarded a scholarship by the International Society of Neural Networks (INNS) to sponsor an eight-month period (2008/09) as a visiting researcher at the Computational Synthesis Lab at the Aerospace Engineering department of the Cornell University in USA (with Hod Lipson). In his first post doctoral period he acted a group leader at the Computational Neuroscience laboratory at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (with Erik De Schutter). He now is assistant professor in computational neuroscience in the Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam, where he combines empirical research and computational models (dept. head Chris De Zeeuw). He is also head of the Neurocomputing lab in Rotterdam. Mario Negrello has published in the fields of Machine Learning, Cognitive Robotics, Artificial Life, Evolutionary Robotics, Neuroethology and Neuroscience, as well as a monograph published by Springer US in the Series Cognitive and Neural systems entitled Invariants of Behavior (2012).

 

Daniele Linaro received his MSc in Electronic Engineering from the Univ. of Genoa (Italy) in 2007 and a PhD in Electrical Engineering from the same university in 2011.

In the same year, he was awarded a fellowship from the Flemish Research Foundation - FWO to conduct postdoctoral work in the Laboratory of Theoretical Neurobiology and Neuroengineering at the University of Antwerp, under the supervision of Prof. Michele Giugliano, where he used dynamic-clamp to elucidate the computational capabilities of different cell types in the rodent cortex.

In 2015 he moved to the Laboratory of Cortical Development at VIB (Leuven, Belgium), under the supervision of Prof. Pierre Vanderhaeghen, where he studied the protracted electrophysiological and morphological development of human cortical neurons grafted in the rodent cortex.

Since 2014, he holds a position as Visiting Scientist at Janelia Research Campus in collaboration with the laboratory of Dr. Nelson Spruston, where he investigates the network properties of different cell types in the rodent hippocampus.

Since 2018, he is Assistant Professor in the Department of Electronics, Information Technology and Bioengineering at the Polytechnic of Milan.

Throughout his career, Daniele Linaro has always been fascinated by the computational capabilities of single neurons and has been working to bridge the gap between computational and experimental approaches to studying and modelling the rodent and human brain. 

Bibliographic Information

Buying options

eBook
USD 129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-89439-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD 169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)