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  • © 2022

Landscapes and Landforms of Botswana

  • Highlights a wide range of semi-aric and geologic landscapes in Botswana

  • Describes some of the major sub-continental drainage basins which Botswana shares with its neighbouring countries

  • Describes how iconic wetlands with a world heritage status were formed

Part of the book series: World Geomorphological Landscapes (WGLC)

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eBook USD 139.00
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  • ISBN: 978-3-030-86102-5
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  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book USD 179.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

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Table of contents (22 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xxiii
  2. Introduction to the Landscapes and Landforms of Botswana

    • Julius Atlhopheng, Read Brown Mthanganyika Mapeo, Frank D. Eckardt
    Pages 1-13
  3. The Okavango Delta Peatlands

    • William N. Ellery, Karen Ellery
    Pages 37-56
  4. The Makgadikgadi Basin

    • Sallie L. Burrough
    Pages 77-90
  5. Landscapes and Landforms of the Chobe Enclave, Northern Botswana

    • Thuto Mokatse, Nathalie Diaz, Elisha Shemang, John Van Thuyne, Pascal Vittoz, Torsten Vennemann et al.
    Pages 91-116Open Access
  6. The Chobe-Zambezi Channel-Floodplain System: Anatomy of a Wetland in a Dryland

    • Stephen Tooth, Mark Vandewalle, Douglas G. Goodin, Kathleen A. Alexander
    Pages 117-130
  7. Dunes of the Southern Kalahari

    • David S. G. Thomas, Giles F. S. Wiggs
    Pages 131-154
  8. Dunes of the Northern Kalahari

    • David S. G. Thomas
    Pages 155-165
  9. Kalahari Pans: Quaternary Evolution and Processes of Ephemeral Lakes

    • Irka Schüller, Lukas Belz, Heinz Wilkes, Achim Wehrmann
    Pages 167-178
  10. Dry Valleys (Mekgacha)

    • David J. Nash
    Pages 179-199
  11. Geodiversity of Caves and Rockshelters in Botswana

    • Mark Stephens, Mike de Wit, Senwelo M. Isaacs
    Pages 247-262
  12. Dams in Botswana: Drying Times Ahead

    • Jeremy S. Perkins, Bhagabat P. Parida
    Pages 299-318
  13. Gorges of Eastern Botswana

    • Mark Stephens
    Pages 319-326
  14. Soil Development in the Eastern Hardveld

    • Peter N. Eze
    Pages 327-344

About this book

This volume contains 22 chapters introducing a wide range of semi-arid and geologic landscapes. Botswana, a thinly populated nation, the size of France, is a Southern African keystone country at the heart of the Kalahari, sharing some of the major sub-continental drainage basins such as the Limpopo, Zambezi, Orange, and Okavango with its neighbouring countries. The extensive Kalahari Sand surface has been sculptured by numerous past processes which have produced subtle but regional landforms consisting of extensive dunes and shorelines. Incipient rifting has created the dynamic Okavango and Makgadikgadi fan-basin systems which produces iconic wetlands with a world heritage status. Geological outcrops in particular to the east expose highly denuded basement lithologies which produces numerous inselbergs that are home to a rich archaeological heritage. The book also examines the geomorphology of mineral and water resources which sustain the economy and population and also features dedicated chapters that cover diamondiferous kimberlites, caves, pans, dams, duricrusts and wildlife.

Chapter 6 is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via


  • Geomorphology of Botswana
  • Botswana landscape
  • Southern Africa
  • Sub-continental drainage basins
  • Kalahari desert
  • World Heritage wetlands
  • Mineral and water resources

Editors and Affiliations

  • Environmental & Geographical Sciences, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa

    Frank D. Eckardt

About the editor

Frank Eckardt is a geomorphologist who has been working at the University of Cape Town (UCT) since 2005. Originally from Germany, raised in various European countries and educated in the UK, Eckardt obtained a BSc in Geography at Kings College London, an MSc in applied remote sensing from Silsoe (Cranfield) and a DPhil from the School of Geography in Oxford.

After working as an undergraduate on glacial forelands in Norway and coastal marine habitats in Belize during his masters, he shifted to southern African drylands while conducting his PhD fieldwork in Namibia. Prior to coming to UCT, Frank Eckardt was teaching physical geography and remote sensing at the University of Botswana and acted as a remote sensing consulted on variety of projects. He currently teaches global physical geography to first years and focuses on earth observation as well as contemporary polar, tropical and arid land surface dynamics in the second year. In their final year, students are exposed to Southern Africa's Geomorphology, which among other things includes topics such as landscape evolution, weathering, soils, duricrusts, as well as contemporary mineral dust production. Frank Eckardt is currently president of the International Society for Aeolian Research (ISAR) and Head of Department at the Environmental and Geographical Sciences at UCT.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Landscapes and Landforms of Botswana

  • Editors: Frank D. Eckardt

  • Series Title: World Geomorphological Landscapes

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Earth and Environmental Science, Earth and Environmental Science (R0)

  • Copyright Information: Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-030-86101-8Published: 18 May 2022

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-3-030-86104-9Due: 01 June 2023

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-86102-5Published: 17 May 2022

  • Series ISSN: 2213-2090

  • Series E-ISSN: 2213-2104

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XXIII, 403

  • Number of Illustrations: 46 b/w illustrations, 215 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Physical Geography, Earth Sciences, Soil Science

Buying options

eBook USD 139.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-86102-5
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book USD 179.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)