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Kappa Distributions

From Observational Evidences via Controversial Predictions to a Consistent Theory of Nonequilibrium Plasmas

Editors:

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  • Provides new but well-established concepts based on theoretical foundations of advanced Kappa distribution modelling

  • Presents solid arguments for using generalized Kappa distributions for describing non-thermal plasma populations

  • Gathers contributions of well-known experts in plasma astrophysics, solar and heliospheric plasma physics

Part of the book series: Astrophysics and Space Science Library (ASSL, volume 464)

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  • ISBN: 978-3-030-82623-9
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Table of contents (17 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-vii
  2. Introduction and Motivation

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 1-1
    2. Introduction and Motivation

      • Horst Fichtner, Marian Lazar
      Pages 3-12
  3. New and Refined Observational Evidences of Kappa Distributions in Space Plasmas

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 13-13
    2. Suprathermal Populations and Their Effects in Space Plasmas: Kappa vs. Maxwellian

      • Viviane Pierrard, Marian Lazar, Milan Maksimovic
      Pages 15-38
    3. Electron Kappa Distributions in the Solar Wind: Cause of the Acceleration or Consequence of the Expansion?

      • Milan Maksimovic, Andrew P. Walsh, Viviane Pierrard, Štěpán Štverák, Iannis Zouganelis
      Pages 39-51
    4. Diagnostics of Kappa Distributions from Optically Thin Solar Spectra

      • Jaroslav Dudík, Elena Dzifčáková
      Pages 53-87
    5. Non-thermal and Kappa Distributions in Solar Flare Radiative Signatures

      • Frederic Effenberger, Natasha L. S. Jeffrey
      Pages 89-103
  4. Physics Behind and Significance of Kappa Distributions in Plasma Astrophysics

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 105-105
    2. Kappa Distribution Function: From Empirical to Physical Concepts

      • Marian Lazar, Horst Fichtner
      Pages 107-123
    3. Advanced Numerical Tools for Studying Waves and Instabilities in Kappa Distributed Plasmas

      • Rodrigo A. López, Pablo S. Moya, Shaaban M. Shaaban, Marian Lazar, Peter H. Yoon, Stefaan Poedts
      Pages 163-184
    4. Advanced Interpretation of Waves and Instabilities in Space Plasmas

      • Shaaban M. Shaaban, Marian Lazar, Rodrigo A. López, Peter H. Yoon, Stefaan Poedts
      Pages 185-218
  5. Fundamental Aspects, Generalized Kappa Distributions, and Their Implications

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 219-219
    2. Regularized Kappa Distributions: Linear Dispersion and Stability Theory

      • Edin Husidic, Marian Lazar, Klaus Scherer, Horst Fichtner, Rudi Gaelzer
      Pages 279-297
    3. Kappa Distributions and Entropy

      • Horst Fichtner, Klaus Scherer, Marian Lazar, Hans-Jörg Fahr, Zoltan Vörös
      Pages 299-306
    4. From Standard Kappa to a Regularized Kappa, or Even More Generalized Kappa “Cookbook”

      • Klaus Scherer, Edin Husidic, Horst Fichtner, Marian Lazar
      Pages 307-318

About this book

This book presents recent results on the modelling of space plasmas with Kappa distributions and their interpretation. Hot and dilute space plasmas most often do not reach thermal equilibrium, their dynamics being essentially conditioned by the kinetic effects of plasma particles, i.e., electrons, protons, and heavier ions. Deviations from thermal equilibrium shown by these plasma particles are often described by Kappa distributions. Although well-known, these distributions are still controversial in achieving a statistical characterization and a physical interpretation of non-equilibrium plasmas.

The results of the Kappa modelling presented here mark a significant progress with respect to all these aspects and open perspectives to understanding the high-resolution data collected by the new generation of telescopes and spacecraft missions.

The book is directed to the large community of plasma astrophysics, including graduate students and specialists from associated disciplines, given the palette of the proposed topics reaching from applications to the solar atmosphere and the solar wind, via linear and quasilinear modelling of multi-species plasmas and waves within, to the fundamental physics of nonequilibrium plasmas.


Keywords

  • Non-equilibrium plasmas
  • suprathermal particles
  • Kappa distribution
  • statistical physics
  • plasma emissions
  • astrophysical plasma
  • solar plasma
  • interstellar and intergalactic plasma

Editors and Affiliations

  • Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

    Marian Lazar

  • Institute for Theoretical Physics IV, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany

    Horst Fichtner

About the editors

M. Lazar: Visiting Professor at the Centre for Mathematical Plasma Astrophysics, KU Leuven (2016-present), PhD degree in Physics – 2003, Research Associate at Theoretical Physics IV, Ruhr University Bochum (2010 – present), Refereed publications in plasma physics and astrophysics: approx. 115, H-index 24, Editor: ‘’Exploring the solar wind ” (Intechopen, doi: 10.5772/2079), Editor Associate with Frontiers: Physics, Space Physics, Reviewer for: Astron. Astrophys., Astrophys. J., Solar Phys., Phys. Plasmas, Planet. Space Science, Astrophys. Space Science, J. Geophys. Res., etc.

H. Fichtner: PhD degree in Physics – 1991, Habilitation 2000, Research Associate at Department of Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Calgary, Canada (1992-1993), Research Associate at the Institute of Physical Science and Technology, Univ. of Maryland, USA (1994-1995), Research Associate at the Institute for Astrophysics and Extraterrestrial Research, Univ. Bonn, Germany (1996-1997), Research Scientist and Docent, Institute of Theoretical Physics IV, Ruhr-Univ. Bochum (1998-present), more than 140 refereed publications, H-index 28, Reviewer for: Astron. Astrophys., Astrophys. J., Nature Astronomy, Solar Phys., Phys. Plasmas, Planet. Space Science, Astrophys. Space Science, J. Geophys. Res., etc.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Kappa Distributions

  • Book Subtitle: From Observational Evidences via Controversial Predictions to a Consistent Theory of Nonequilibrium Plasmas

  • Editors: Marian Lazar, Horst Fichtner

  • Series Title: Astrophysics and Space Science Library

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-82623-9

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Physics and Astronomy, Physics and Astronomy (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-030-82622-2

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-82623-9

  • Series ISSN: 0067-0057

  • Series E-ISSN: 2214-7985

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: VII, 330

  • Number of Illustrations: 19 b/w illustrations, 93 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Astrophysical Plasma, Statistical Physics, Space Physics, Astrophysics

Buying options

eBook
USD 129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-82623-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD 169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)