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  • Conference proceedings
  • Open Access
  • © 2021

Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming

22nd International Conference on Agile Software Development, XP 2021, Virtual Event, June 14–18, 2021, Proceedings

Part of the book series: Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing (LNBIP, volume 419)

Conference series link(s): XP: International Conference on Agile Software Development

Conference proceedings info: XP 2021.

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 49.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Table of contents (13 papers)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-x
  2. Agile Practices

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 1-1
    2. From Collaboration to Solitude and Back: Remote Pair Programming During COVID-19

      • Darja Smite, Marius Mikalsen, Nils Brede Moe, Viktoria Stray, Eriks Klotins
      Pages 3-18Open Access
    3. UX Work in Software Start-Ups: Challenges from the Current State of Practice

      • Sofia A. M. Silveira, Joelma Choma, Roberto Pereira, Eduardo M. Guerra, Luciana A. M. Zaina
      Pages 19-35Open Access
    4. How to Write Ethical User Stories? Impacts of the ECCOLA Method

      • Erika Halme, Ville Vakkuri, Joni Kultanen, Marianna Jantunen, Kai-Kristian Kemell, Rebekah Rousi et al.
      Pages 36-52Open Access
  3. Process Assessment

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 53-53
    2. Setting the Scope for a New Agile Assessment Model: Results of an Empirical Study

      • Doruk Tuncel, Christian Körner, Reinhold Plösch
      Pages 55-70Open Access
    3. Towards a Standardized Questionnaire for Measuring Agility at Team Level

      • Hanna Looks, Jannik Fangmann, Jörg Thomaschewski, María-José Escalona, Eva-Maria Schön
      Pages 71-85Open Access
    4. The Impact of Agile Transformations on Organizational Performance: A Survey of Teams, Programs and Portfolios

      • Christoph Johann Stettina, Victor van Els, Job Croonenberg, Joost Visser
      Pages 86-102Open Access
    5. Measuring Software Delivery Performance Using the Four Key Metrics of DevOps

      • Marc Sallin, Martin Kropp, Craig Anslow, James W. Quilty, Andreas Meier
      Pages 103-119Open Access
  4. Large-scale Agile

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 121-121
    2. Evolution of the Agile Scaling Frameworks

      • Ömer Uludağ, Abheeshta Putta, Maria Paasivaara, Florian Matthes
      Pages 123-139Open Access
    3. Coordination Strategies: Managing Inter-team Coordination Challenges in Large-Scale Agile

      • Marthe Berntzen, Viktoria Stray, Nils Brede Moe
      Pages 140-156Open Access
    4. Challenges of Adopting SAFe in the Banking Industry – A Study Two Years After Its Introduction

      • Sara Nilsson Tengstrand, Piotr Tomaszewski, Markus Borg, Ronald Jabangwe
      Pages 157-171Open Access
    5. Benefits and Challenges of Adopting SAFe - An Empirical Survey

      • Abheeshta Putta, Ömer Uludağ, Maria Paasivaara, Shun-Long Hong
      Pages 172-187Open Access
  5. Short Contributions

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 189-189
    2. Using a Low Code Development Environment to Teach the Agile Methodology

      • Mary Lebens, Roger Finnegan
      Pages 191-199Open Access
    3. Comparing Participants’ Brainwaves During Solo, Pair, and Mob Programming

      • Makoto Shiraishi, Hironori Washizaki, Daisuke Saito, Yoshiaki Fukazawa
      Pages 200-209Open Access
  6. Back Matter

    Pages 211-211

Other Volumes

  1. Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming

About this book

This open access book constitutes the proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Agile Software Development, XP 2021, which was held virtually during June 14-18, 2021.

XP is the premier agile software development conference combining research and practice. It is a unique forum where agile researchers, practitioners, thought leaders, coaches, and trainers get together to present and discuss their most recent innovations, research results, experiences, concerns, challenges, and trends.  XP conferences provide an informal environment to learn and trigger discussions and welcome both people new to agile and seasoned agile practitioners. This year’s conference was held with the theme “Agile Turns Twenty While the World Goes Online”.

The 11 full and 2 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 38 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: agile practices; process assessment; large-scale agile; and short contributions.


  • Agile software development
  • Software creation and management
  • Scrum
  • Lean software development
  • Process management
  • open access
  • Test-driven development
  • Project and people management
  • Software development techniques
  • Risk management

Editors and Affiliations

  • University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK

    Peggy Gregory

  • Aalto University, Espoo, Finland

    Casper Lassenius

  • Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, Bolzano, Italy

    Xiaofeng Wang

  • University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

    Philippe Kruchten

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming

  • Book Subtitle: 22nd International Conference on Agile Software Development, XP 2021, Virtual Event, June 14–18, 2021, Proceedings

  • Editors: Peggy Gregory, Casper Lassenius, Xiaofeng Wang, Philippe Kruchten

  • Series Title: Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Computer Science, Computer Science (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2021

  • License: CC BY

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-3-030-78097-5Published: 10 June 2021

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-78098-2Published: 09 June 2021

  • Series ISSN: 1865-1348

  • Series E-ISSN: 1865-1356

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: X, 211

  • Number of Illustrations: 12 b/w illustrations, 40 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Software Engineering, IT in Business, IT Operations

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 49.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)