Skip to main content
  • Book
  • © 2021

Universities in the Knowledge Society

The Nexus of National Systems of Innovation and Higher Education


(view affiliations)
  • Guides comparative research on the academic profession and university reform in connection to the knowledge economy

  • Builds upon the largest international and comparative study of higher education ever undertaken

  • Provides a critical analysis of the ways in which selected national higher education systems are positioned within complex policy shifts

Buying options

USD 129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-76579-8
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD 169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Table of contents (23 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-ix
  2. Overview

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 1-1
    2. Universities and the Knowledge Society: An Introduction

      • Timo Aarrevaara, Martin Finkelstein, Glen A. Jones, Jisun Jung
      Pages 3-14
    3. Higher Education in the Era of Knowledge Economy

      • Olga Bain, William Cummings
      Pages 33-47
    4. The Academic Profession in the Knowledge-Based Society (APIKS): Evolution of a Major Comparative Research Project

      • Timo Aarrevaara, Martin Finkelstein, Glen A. Jones, Jisun Jung
      Pages 49-64
  3. Systems of Innovation and Higher Education

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 65-65
    2. Higher Education and the Knowledge Society Agenda in Uganda

      • Florence Ndibuuza, Patrício V. Langa, Ronald Bisaso
      Pages 67-82
    3. Higher Education in the National Research System in South Korea

      • Soo Jeung Lee, Hyejoo Jung
      Pages 145-164
    4. Recent Science and Technology Policies in Turkey: The Shifting Role and Profile of the National Higher Education System

      • Baris Uslu, Alper Calikoglu, Fatma Nevra Seggie, Sedat Gumus, Yasar Kondakci
      Pages 165-181
    5. Research and Higher Education in Russia: Moving Closer Together

      • Anna Panova, Maria Yudkevich
      Pages 183-201
    6. The Role of Universities in the Knowledge-Based Society in Lithuania

      • Liudvika Leišytė, Anna-Lena Rose, Rimantas Želvys, Sude Pekşen
      Pages 203-219
    7. Academic Profession for Knowledge Society in Estonia

      • Eve Mägi, Eneli Kindsiko, Maarja Beerkens
      Pages 221-236
    8. The Role of Finnish Higher Education in the Innovation and Research System

      • Timo Aarrevaara, Ville Pietiläinen
      Pages 277-295
    9. The Interplay of Higher Education, Research, and Innovation in Sweden

      • Stefan Lundborg, Lars Geschwind
      Pages 297-317

About this book

This book explores the complex, multi-faceted relationships between national research and innovation systems and higher education. The transition towards knowledge societies/economies is repositioning the role of the university and transforming the academic profession. The volume provides a foundational introduction to the concepts of knowledge society and knowledge economy, and these concepts ground the detailed case studies of eighteen systems, located across five continents. Each case study was written by a leading expert in that jurisdiction, and provides a critical analysis of the research and development infrastructure, the role of universities, and the implications for the academic profession. The book describes how nations in various geographic regions and at various stages of economic maturity are restructuring their university systems to adapt to the new imperatives, and provides a cross-case analysis identifying common themes and distinctive features.

In telling the story of higher education’s on-going global metamorphosis, the contributing authors place current developments in the context of the university’s historic evolution, survey the changing metrics that national governments are adopting to measure university performance, and describe a new international project, the Academic Profession in the Knowledge-based Society [APiKS] that involved a common survey of academics in more than twenty countries to take the pulse of developments “on the ground” while documenting the challenges confronting knowledge workers in the new economy. 


  • Cultural tradition of national school systems
  • Canadian higher education systems
  • Development and innovation policy
  • Historical evolution of the knowledge society
  • Higher Education in Mexico
  • Higher Education in Finland
  • Higher Education in Germany
  • Higher Education in Lithuania
  • Higher education in Portugal
  • Higher education systems in Turkey
  • Higher education in Uganda
  • Knowledge production in the USA
  • Knowledge economy in Estonia
  • Norwegian research system
  • OECD
  • Role of the university sector
  • STEM faculty in Chile
  • Science and research policy in Brazil
  • World Bank


“The several chapters provide valuable informed discussion and details on a variety of aspects of higher education, research, and innovations … . With a wealth of comparative data on a few R&D and other indicators, and insightful analytical descriptions of several current issues in higher education, R&D, and knowledge economy, Universities in the Knowledge Society is a valuable addition to the existing research on comparative higher education and knowledge societies.” (Jandhyala B G Tilak, The Developing Economies, February 22, 2022)

Editors and Affiliations

  • Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland

    Timo Aarrevaara

  • Higher Education Department, Seton Hall University, South Orange, USA

    Martin Finkelstein

  • OISE, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

    Glen A. Jones

  • Faculty of Education, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China

    Jisun Jung

About the editors

Timo Aarrevaara is a Professor of Public Management at the University of Lapland, and has professional experience in public administration as well as in research and teaching. Aarrevaara has strong international higher education research links, and is a co-editor of Springer’s The Changing Academy Series and author or co-author of several papers and book chapters.

Martin Finkelstein is Professor of Higher Education at Seton Hall University, USA and studies the academic profession in the U.S. and across the globe. He has served as a Visiting Scholar at Claremont University (USA),Hiroshima University (Japan), University of Hong Kong (China) and the Eurasian National University (Kazakhstan). His most recent books include The Faculty Factor (The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2016) and Professorial Pathways (The Johns Hopkins University Press, March 2019) with Glen Jones. He serves as co-editor of Springer’s Changing Academy Series.

Glen Jones is Professor of Higher Education and Dean, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto. His research focuses on higher education governance, policy and academic work, and he has published more than 100 papers in the field of higher education.  His recent books include Governance of Higher Education: Global Perspectives, Theories and Practices (Routledge, 2016, with Ian Austin), Doctoral Education for the Knowledge Society (Springer, 2018, with J.C. Shin and Barbara Kehm), Professorial Pathways (The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2019, with Martin Finkelstein), and International Education as Public Policy in Canada (McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2020), with Merli Tamtik and Roopa Desai Trilokekar).

Jisun Jung is an assistant professor in the Faculty of Education at the University of Hong Kong since 2015. Her current research focuses on academic profession, doctoral education in East Asia, and master’s education and employment. She is a co-editor of Higher Education Research & Development. Her recent books include Changing Academic Profession in Hong Kong (Springer, 2017, with Gerard Postiglione) and Researching Higher Education in Asia (Springer, 2018, with Hugo Horta and Akiyoshi Yonezawa). 


Bibliographic Information

Buying options

USD 129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-76579-8
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD 169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)