© 2021

Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality

27th International Working Conference, REFSQ 2021, Essen, Germany, April 12–15, 2021, Proceedings

  • Fabiano Dalpiaz
  • Paola Spoletini
Conference proceedings REFSQ 2021

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 12685)

Also part of the Programming and Software Engineering book sub series (LNPSE, volume 12685)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Natural Language Processing and Machine Learning

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Muhammad Abbas, Alessio Ferrari, Anas Shatnawi, Eduard Paul Enoiu, Mehrdad Saadatmand
      Pages 3-18
    3. Jannik Fischbach, Julian Frattini, Arjen Spaans, Maximilian Kummeth, Andreas Vogelsang, Daniel Mendez et al.
      Pages 19-36
    4. Aya Zaki-Ismail, Mohamed Osama, Mohamed Abdelrazek, John Grundy, Amani Ibrahim
      Pages 54-70
  3. RE for AI-Enabled Systems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 79-79
    2. Karolina Drobotowicz, Marjo Kauppinen, Sari Kujala
      Pages 99-115
    3. Matteo Camilli, Michael Felderer, Andrea Giusti, Dominik Tobias Matt, Anna Perini, Barbara Russo et al.
      Pages 123-130
  4. From Software to Systems and Services

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 131-131
    2. Maria Eduarda Rebelo, George Valença, Fernando Lins
      Pages 149-164
    3. Carsten Wiecher, Joel Greenyer, Carsten Wolff, Harald Anacker, Roman Dumitrescu
      Pages 165-181
    4. Maurizio Astegher, Paolo Busetta, Anna Perini, Angelo Susi
      Pages 182-188
  5. Analysts' Competence and Training

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 189-189
    2. Razieh Dehghani, Krzysztof Wnuk, Daniel Mendez, Tony Gorschek, Raman Ramsin
      Pages 208-224

About these proceedings


This book constitutes the proceedings of the 27th International Working Conference on Requirements Engineering - Foundation for Software Quality, REFSQ 2021, which was due to be held in Essen, Germany, in April 2021. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic the conference was held virtually in April 2021.

The special focus of this year`s REFSQ 2021 conference are contributions emphasizing the importance of human values, such as privacy and fairness, when designing software-intensive systems as well as the challenges that intelligent and autonomous systems pose due to the tight interplay with humans.


artificial intelligence computer hardware computer science computer systems databases engineering functional requirement information retrieval information systems internet linguistics Natural Language Processing (NLP) natural languages optical fibers requirements engineering software software architecture software design software engineering system requirements

Editors and affiliations

  1. 1.Utrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Kennesaw State UniversityKennesawUSA

Bibliographic information