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Europe's Early Fieldscapes

Archaeologies of Prehistoric Land Allotment

  • Presents unique European overview of current fieldsystem research

  • Focuses on social implications of land allotment

  • Offers rich and varied data-set of recently investigated European field systems

Part of the book series: Themes in Contemporary Archaeology (TCA)

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eBook USD 109.00
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  • ISBN: 978-3-030-71652-3
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  • Own it forever
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  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book USD 149.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

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Table of contents (14 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-ix
  2. Europe’s Early Land Allotment: Questions of Time, Scale and Stewardship

    • Mette Løvschal, Stijn Arnoldussen, Robert Johnston
    Pages 1-12
  3. Fields and Farming-Systems in Bronze Age Scotland

    • Stratford Halliday
    Pages 87-100
  4. The Changing Fieldscapes of Loughcrew: New Insights from Airborne Lidar

    • Corinne Roughley, Elizabeth Shee Twohig, Colin Shell, Gillian Swanton
    Pages 115-129
  5. Tracing the Remains of a Late Bronze Age Field System in Central Mainland Greece

    • Michael F. Lane, Vassilis L. Aravantinos
    Pages 143-165
  6. Understanding the Chronologies of England’s Field Systems

    • Robert Johnston, Rowan May, David McOmish
    Pages 185-207
  7. Back Matter

    Pages 225-229

About this book

This volume focuses on the development of field systems through time and space and in their wider landscape context, including classical issues pertaining to past land use and management regimes, including manuring, water, land and crop management, and technologies such as slash‐and‐burn, ard and plough. This book provides the first comprehensive attempt to bring together and provide a comprehensive insight into the latest prehistoric fieldscape research across Europe. The book raises a broader awareness of some of the main questions and scientific requests that are addressed by scholars working in various fieldscapes across Europe. 

Themes addressed in this book include (a) mapping and understanding field system morphologies at various scales, (b) the extraction of information on social processes from field system morphologies, (c) the relations between field systems and cultural and natural features of their environment, (d) time-depths and temporalities of usage, and (e) specifics of the underlying agricultural systems, with special attention to matters of continuity and resilience and relation to changing practices. The case-studies explore how to best approach such landscapes with traditional and novel methodologies and targeted research in order to enhance our knowledge further. The volume offers inspiration and guidance for the heritage management of fieldscapes heritage – not solely for future scholarly research but foremost to stimulate strategic guidance to frame and support improved protection of evidently vulnerable resources for Europe’s future. This volume is of interest to landscape archaeologists.


  • Agricultural landscapes
  • Celtic fields
  • Changing fieldscapes of Loughcrew
  • Formation, use and chronology of Celtic fields
  • Fields and farming-systems in Bronze Age Scotland
  • Land division, livestock and people in prehistoric Somerset
  • Long-term landscape development
  • Neolithic and Bronze Age Field Systems of Shetland
  • Palaeoecology
  • Prehistoric cultural landscapes
  • Prehistoric cultural landscape in the Sachsenwald Forest
  • Prehistoric field systems
  • Remains of a Late Bronze Age field systems in Greece
  • Rhythm and land appropriation during the Bronze Age in France
  • Social implications of Europe’s early land allotment
  • Reconstructing enclosed and parcelled out landscapes in Denmark
  • Sustainable agriculture
  • Terrace agriculture
  • Terraced Fields, Farming, and Farmers in Greece
  • Terraced crop fields in the Eastern Pyrenean mountains

Editors and Affiliations

  • Groningen Institute of Archaeology, Groningen University, Groningen, The Netherlands

    Stijn Arnoldussen

  • Department of Archaeology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

    Robert Johnston

  • Department of Archaeology and Heritage Studies, Aarhus University and Moesgaard Museum, Højbjerg, Denmark

    Mette Løvschal

About the editors

Stijn Arnoldussen is an Associate Professor in Later Prehistory at Groningen University. He is fascinated by the long-term development of (agri)cultural landscapes – particularly fieldsystems and the interplay of settlements, funerary sites and deposition between the Neolithic and the Roman Iron Age. He has recently excavated various later prehistoric field systems (known as Celtic fields or raatakkers in Dutch) in the Netherlands.

Robert Johnston is a Senior Lecturer in Landscape Archaeology at the University of Sheffield. He recently published 'Bronze Age Worlds' (2021), in which he considers the ways that kin relations were fundamental in forming the social life and landscapes of Bronze Age Britain and Ireland. He is currently researching landscape transformations in the upland and coastal landscapes of western Britain.

Mette Løvschal is an Associate Professor at Aarhus University’s Department of Archaeology and Heritage Studies and Moesgaard Museum. She is the Principal Investigator on the ERC project ‘Anthropogenic Heathlands: The Social Organization of Super-Resilient Past Human Ecosystems’ (ANTHEA) 2020–2025’. Her research engages with a range of archaeological, social anthropological and philosophical debates pertaining to spatial ontology and deep time trajectories, land tenure changes, disturbance ecologies, spatial perception, and the becoming of biosocial entanglements.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Europe's Early Fieldscapes

  • Book Subtitle: Archaeologies of Prehistoric Land Allotment

  • Editors: Stijn Arnoldussen, Robert Johnston, Mette Løvschal

  • Series Title: Themes in Contemporary Archaeology

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: History, History (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-030-71651-6

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-71652-3

  • Series ISSN: 2730-7441

  • Series E-ISSN: 2730-745X

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: IX, 229

  • Number of Illustrations: 55 b/w illustrations, 52 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Archaeology, Geography, Agriculture

Buying options

eBook USD 109.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-71652-3
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book USD 149.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)