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  • Open Access
  • © 2021

Influences of the IEA Civic and Citizenship Education Studies

Practice, Policy, and Research Across Countries and Regions


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  • Reflects on cross-national differences in contemporary research, policy, implementation, and teaching practice in civic education across a wide range of countries in Europe, Latin America, North America and Asia

  • Provides interdisciplinary perspectives on advances as well as enduring and emerging challenges for civic education in educational policy, practice and research

  • Discusses students’ civic knowledge, attitudes, and engagement in national, regional, and international contexts based on nationally representative surveys at three points in time

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Table of contents (25 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages I-XXIV
  2. Influences of the IEA Civic and Citizenship Studies on Education in Participating Countries

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 1-1
    2. Bulgarian Civic and Citizenship Education in Transition

      • Svetla Petrova
      Pages 13-23Open Access
    3. The Influence of International Civic and Citizenship Studies on Education in Chile

      • Gabriela Cares Osorio, Elisa Salinas Valdivieso
      Pages 25-36Open Access
    4. Civic and Citizenship Education in Colombia: Challenges for Students and Teachers

      • Luis Felipe Dussán Zuluaga, Juan Camilo Ramírez Chaguendo
      Pages 37-48Open Access
    5. Building Civic and Citizenship Education in the Dominican Republic

      • Ancell Scheker, Michelle Guzmán
      Pages 63-75Open Access
    6. Estonia: Civic and Citizenship Education in Turbulent Times

      • Anu Toots, Mare Oja
      Pages 77-90Open Access
    7. IEA’s International Civic and Citizenship Education Study and the Teaching of Civic Education in Italy

      • Laura Palmerio, Valeria Damiani, Elisa Caponera
      Pages 91-102Open Access
    8. Improving Civic and Citizenship Education in Latvia

      • Ireta Čekse
      Pages 103-112Open Access
    9. Contributions of the IEA’s Civic and Citizenship Studies to Educational Discourse in Lithuania: The Past Three Decades

      • Rita Dukynaitė, Ginta Orintienė, Šarūnas Gerulaitis, Marius Iziumcevas
      Pages 113-124Open Access
    10. The Role of IEA’s Civic and Citizenship Education Studies in Mexico

      • María Eugenia Luna-Elizarrarás, María Teresa Meléndez-Irigoyen, Citlalli Sánchez-Alvarez
      Pages 125-133Open Access
    11. Inequality in Citizenship Competences. Citizenship Education and Policy in the Netherlands

      • Anne Bert Dijkstra, Geert ten Dam, Anke Munniksma
      Pages 135-146Open Access
  3. Regional Perspectives and the Discussion of Selected Issues

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 183-183

About this book

This open access book identifies the multiple ways that IEA’s studies of civic and citizenship education have contributed to national and international educational discourse, research, policymaking, and practice. The IEA International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS), first conducted in 2009, was followed by a second cycle in 2016. The project was linked to the earlier IEA Civic Education Study (CIVED 1999, 2000). IEA’s ICCS remains the only large-scale international study dedicated to formal and informal civic and citizenship education in school.  It continues to make substantial contributions to understanding the nature of the acquired civic knowledge, attitudes, and participatory skills. It also discusses in-depth how a wide range of countries prepare their young people for citizenship in changing political, social, and economic circumstances.  The next cycle of ICCS is planned for 2022.

In this book, more than 20 national representatives and international scholars from Europe, Latin America, Asia, and North America assess how the processes and findings of the 2009 and 2016 cycles of ICCS and CIVED 1999/2000 have been used to improve nations’ understanding of their students’ civic knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, current civic-related behaviors, and intentions for future participation in a comparative context.  There are also chapters summarizing the secondary analysis of those studies’ results indicating their usefulness for educational improvement and reflecting on policy issues.

The analyses and reflections in this book provide timely insight into international educational discourse, policy, practice, and research in an area of education that is becoming increasingly important for many societies.


  • Open Access
  • Citizenship education policies
  • Impact of large-scale studies in civic and citizenship education
  • Challenges for civic and citizenship education
  • Moral education
  • Social interactions at school
  • Social media use for civic engagement
  • Attitudes towards issues in society
  • Civic knowledge and understanding
  • Attitudes toward immigrants
  • Cross-curricular approaches
  • Political socialization
  • Adolescents’ socialization
  • Agents of socialization
  • IEA Civic Education Study (CIVED)
  • IEA International Civic and Citizenship Study (ICCS)
  • European civic education
  • Citizenship study and teaching
  • Political participation
  • Latin American civic education

Editors and Affiliations

  • IEA Headquarters, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

    Barbara Malak-Minkiewicz

  • University of Maryland, Silver Spring, USA

    Judith Torney-Purta

About the editors

Dr Barbara Malak-Minkiewicz is an honorary member of IEA, managed IEA’s membership relations from 1996 to 2013, and was a member of advisory committees for IEA CIVED and ICCS. She gained her PhD from the University of Warsaw, where she taught social and developmental psychology and conducted research on socialization as well as interpersonal and intergroup conflict. During her career, she has provided consultancy on educational reform for Poland  and other former communist countries.

Dr Judith Torney-Purta was a professor of human development in the College of Education at the University of Maryland, College Park from 1981 until her retirement in 2014. Previously, she was a professor of psychology at the University of Illinois, Chicago from 1970 to 1981. She led the civic education part of IEA’s Six Subject Survey, chaired the steering committee for IEA CIVED, and is a member of the advisory committee for ICCS. Dr Torney-Purta authored numerous publications in the field, received a range if awards and honors, and was elected as a Member of the US National Academy of Education in 2014.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Influences of the IEA Civic and Citizenship Education Studies

  • Book Subtitle: Practice, Policy, and Research Across Countries and Regions

  • Editors: Barbara Malak-Minkiewicz, Judith Torney-Purta

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Education, Education (R0)

  • Copyright Information: IEA International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement 2021

  • License: CC BY-NC

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-3-030-71101-6

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-71102-3

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XXIV, 301

  • Number of Illustrations: 1 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Citizenship Education, Educational Policy and Politics, Assessment and Testing

Buying options

Softcover Book
USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)