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  • © 2021

Water Resources of Pakistan

Issues and Impacts

  • Detailed overview of water issues and challenges in Pakistan

  • Topics include hydrology, water management and economics

  • A reference for students, policy makers, and water experts

Part of the book series: World Water Resources (WWR, volume 9)

Buying options

eBook USD 129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-65679-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book USD 169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

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Table of contents (15 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xvi
  2. Pakistan’s Water Resources: Overview and Challenges

    • Muhammad Arif Watto, Michael Mitchell, Taimoor Akhtar
    Pages 1-12
  3. Pakistan’s Water Resources: From Retrospect to Prospect

    • James L. Wescoat Jr., Abubakr Muhammad, Afreen Siddiqi
    Pages 13-36
  4. Pakistan’s Transboundary Water Challenge

    • Fazilda Nabeel, Muhammad Jehanzeb Masud Cheema
    Pages 37-55
  5. Water Security in Pakistan: Availability, Accessibility and Utilisation

    • Taimoor Akhtar, Hassaan F. Khan, Daanish Mustafa
    Pages 57-78
  6. Climate Change in the Mountains of Pakistan and its Water Availability Implications

    • Muhammad Naveed Anjum, Muhammad Jehanzeb Masud Cheema, Muhammad Zia ur Rahman Hashmi, Muhammad Azam, Arslan Afzal, Muhammad Wajid Ijaz
    Pages 79-94
  7. Pakistan’s Water Resources in the Era of Climate Change

    • Ghulam Hussain Dars, Bakhshal Khan Lashari, Mehran Sattar Soomro, Courtenay Strong, Kamran Ansari
    Pages 95-108
  8. Sustainability Analysis of Irrigation Water Management in Punjab, Pakistan

    • Muhammad Abid, Mohsin Hafeez, Muhammad Arif Watto
    Pages 133-154
  9. Examining Irrigated Agriculture in Pakistan with a Water-Energy-Food Nexus Approach

    • James L. Wescoat Jr., Waqas Ahmed, Steven Burian, Jehangir F. Punthakey, Ayesha Shahid
    Pages 155-183
  10. Groundwater Crisis: A Crisis of Governance?

    • Fazilda Nabeel
    Pages 185-208
  11. Spatial Variability of Groundwater Storage in Pakistan

    • Kamal Ahmed, Muhammad Arif Watto, Shamsuddin Shahid, Nadeem Nawaz, Najeebullah Khan
    Pages 209-223
  12. Impacts of Water Quality on Human Health in Pakistan

    • Safdar Bashir, Zubair Aslam, Nabeel Khan Niazi, Muhammad Imran Khan, Zhongbing Chen
    Pages 225-247
  13. Improving Water Management in Pakistan Using Social-Ecological Systems Research

    • Michael Mitchell, Catherine Allan, Jehangir F. Punthakey, C. Max Finlayson, Mobushir R. Khan
    Pages 249-271
  14. Ways Forward to Improve Water Security in Pakistan

    • Stephen Davies, Muhammad Arif Watto, Erum Sattar
    Pages 303-318

About this book

This book presents the first comprehensive assessment of water resources in Pakistan including surface water resources and groundwater resources. It gives a detailed overview of issues and challenges related to water which have not been adequately addressed e.g. water resource vulnerability to climate change, groundwater depletion and contamination, and water governance etc. It includes a collection and compilation of unpublished and scattered data from the archives and repositories of various national institutions and organization.

Given the literature dearth, this book will not only be a comprehensive assessment of water resources in Pakistan but can also can as outstanding textbook on water resource management in Pakistan. It will attract a great range of readership including water specialists, researchers, undergraduate and post graduate students and policy makers from Pakistan as well as from overseas.


  • Groundwater Depletion
  • Groundwater Governance
  • Irrigation in Pakistan
  • Transboundary Water Policy
  • Water and Climate Change
  • Water Pollution
  • Water Scarcity
  • Water Security
  • Water Use Practices
  • Waste Water Treatment
  • hydrogeology
  • water quality and water pollution
  • water and health
  • water policy

Editors and Affiliations

  • University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Sub-campus Depalpur, Okara, Pakistan

    Muhammad Arif Watto

  • Institute for Land, Water and Society, Charles Sturt University, Albury, Australia

    Michael Mitchell

  • Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, Ghazi University, D.G Khan, Punjab, Pakistan

    Safdar Bashir

About the editors

Dr Arif Watto got PhD degree from the School of Agricultural and Resource Economics at the University of Western Australia (UWA) and masters degree from the University of Agriculture, Faisalabad-the leading agriculture university in Pakistan. Currently, he is working as an Assistant Professor at the University of Agriculture, Faisalabad Sub-campus Depalpur, Okara, Pakistan. He has also served at the same position at the Institute of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad and the U.S. Pakistan Centre for Advanced Studies in Agriculture and Food Security (USPCAS-AFS) at the same university. His research areas mainly include water resource management, agricultural and environmental extension. Dr Watto has published in in various international journals such as Journal of Hydrology, Water Policy, Hydrogeology Journal and on a variety of topics related to water resource management, economics and policy.

Michael Mitchell is a Research Fellow with the Institute for Land, Water and Society (ILWS) at Charles Sturt University in Australia. His expertise is in social dimensions of natural resource management, building on a PhD at ILWS investigating triple bottom line reporting with an irrigation company in NSW, Australia, and an MPhil at Sydney University investigated social and environmental consequences of hydropower development in the Mekong Basin. For the past four years, Dr Mitchell has been employed as part of an Australian government funded project to investigate how groundwater management in Pakistan can be improved, undertaken in collaboration with Pakistan groundwater managers and users. He has published in a wide array of international renown journals, including Society and Natural Resources, Land Use Policy, Journal of Environmental Management, and Journal of Hydrology. 

Safdar Bashir is an Assistant professor at the Department of Soil and Environmental Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Sub-campus Depalpur, Okara, Pakistan. He holds his PhD (Dr. rer. nat) in Geoscience from Eberhard Karls University, Tübingen and postdoc from the University of New South Wales, Sydney. He is an Environmental Geo-scientist with a passion for the technical aspects of encouraging sustainable resource use and stewardship of the environment. His main research focus is addressing the soil and water contamination and their sustainable management. He has already published various book chapters and scientific publications with renowned publishers including Springer, Elsevier, American Chemical Society etc. along with short correspondence/communications with Science and Nature publishers.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Water Resources of Pakistan

  • Book Subtitle: Issues and Impacts

  • Editors: Muhammad Arif Watto, Michael Mitchell, Safdar Bashir

  • Series Title: World Water Resources

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Earth and Environmental Science, Earth and Environmental Science (R0)

  • Copyright Information: Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-030-65678-2

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-3-030-65681-2

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-65679-9

  • Series ISSN: 2509-7385

  • Series E-ISSN: 2509-7393

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XVI, 318

  • Number of Illustrations: 4 b/w illustrations, 68 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Geology, Water

Buying options

eBook USD 129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-65679-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book USD 169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)