© 2021

Clinical Neurotechnology meets Artificial Intelligence

Philosophical, Ethical, Legal and Social Implications

  • Orsolya Friedrich
  • Andreas Wolkenstein
  • Christoph Bublitz
  • Ralf J. Jox
  • Eric Racine

Part of the Advances in Neuroethics book series (AIN)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Tom Buller
    Pages 11-23
  3. Sebastian Drosselmeier, Stephan Sellmaier
    Pages 25-37
  4. Stephen Rainey, Kevin McGillivray, Tyr Fothergill, Hannah Maslen, Bernd Stahl, Christoph Bublitz
    Pages 141-154

About this book


Neurotechnologies such as brain-computer interfaces (BCIs), which allow technical devices to be used with the power of thought or concentration alone, are no longer a futuristic dream or, depending on the viewpoint, a nightmare. Moreover, the combination of neurotechnologies and AI raises a host of pressing problems. Now that these technologies are about to leave the laboratory and enter the real world, these problems and implications can and should be scrutinized.  

This volume brings together scholars from a wide range of academic disciplines such as philosophy, law, the social sciences and neurosciences, and is unique in terms of both its focus and its methods. The latter vary considerably, and range from philosophical analysis and phenomenologically inspired descriptions to legal analysis and socio-empirical research. This diversified approach allows the book to explore the entire spectrum of philosophical, normative, legal and empirical dimensions of intelligent neurotechnologies.  

Philosophical and legal analyses of normative problems are complemented by a thorough empirical assessment of how BCIs and other forms of neurotechnology are being implemented, and what their measurable implications are. To take a closer look at specific neurotechnologies, a number of applications are addressed. Case studies, previously unidentified issues, and normative insights on these cases complement the rich portrait this volume provides.  

Clinicians, philosophers, lawyers, social scientists and engineers will greatly benefit from the collection of articles compiled in this book, which will likely become a standard reference work on the philosophy of intelligent neurotechnologies. 


ethics of technology brain-computer interfaces human-machine interaction digital ethics philosophy of technology legal aspects social aspects

Editors and affiliations

  • Orsolya Friedrich
    • 1
  • Andreas Wolkenstein
    • 2
  • Christoph Bublitz
    • 3
  • Ralf J. Jox
    • 4
  • Eric Racine
    • 5
  1. 1.Institute of PhilosophyFernUniversität in HagenHagenGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Ethics, History and Theory of MedicineLudwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU) MünchenMunichGermany
  3. 3.Faculty of LawUniversity of HamburgHamburgGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Humanities in Medicine and Clinical Ethics UnitLausanne University Hospital and University of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  5. 5.University of Montreal and McGill UniversityInstitut de recherches cliniques de MontréalMontréalCanada

About the editors

Prof. Friedrich is philosopher and physician by training and has worked intensively in the field of philosophy of medicine, neuroethics and philosophy of technology. Her latest work covers the conceptual and ethical implications of BCI use and of novel human-machine-interactions.

Wolkenstein has studied philosophy, history and theology and works on philosophical and ethical aspects of neurotechnologies. He also uses political philosophy to think about how all sorts of emerging technology can be governed. His latest articles cover the ethics of algorithms, the ethics of self-driving cars and legal responsibility as well as personhood in BCIs.

Dr. Bublitz is a legal scholar working on various philosophical and legal aspects of neurotechnologies, AI and psychology. His latest work includes articles on legal responsibility and BCIS, political implications of moral enhancement, and a human right to mental liberty. He co-edits the Palgrave Studies in Law, Neuroscience and Human Behavior.

Prof. Jox is a trained physician and philosopher, specializing in bioethics. He has extensive experience with a whole range of neuroethical questions. His latest work includes the examination of various aspects of brain-computer interfaces (autonomy, agency, algorithms) as well as work on the professionalization of the field of neuroethics itself. He has edited several books and special issues. Also, he is co-editor of the Springer series “Advances in Neuroethics”, together with E. Racine and others.

Prof. Racine is a bioethicist who has made recognized contributions to the development of neuroethics and pragmatic ethics.  Inspired by philosophical pragmatism, his research aims to bring to the forefront the lived experience of ethically problematic situations by patients and stakeholders and then to resolve them collaboratively through deliberative and evidenced-informed processes. His latest includes, among other things, surveys about public and professional attitudes toward BCIs and investigations about the impact of BCI on agency and autonomy. 

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Clinical Neurotechnology meets Artificial Intelligence
  • Book Subtitle Philosophical, Ethical, Legal and Social Implications
  • Editors Orsolya Friedrich
    Andreas Wolkenstein
    Christoph Bublitz
    Ralf J. Jox
    Eric Racine
  • Series Title Advances in Neuroethics
  • Series Abbreviated Title Ads in Neuroethics
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Medicine Medicine (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-030-64589-2
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-030-64592-2
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-030-64590-8
  • Series ISSN 2522-5677
  • Series E-ISSN 2522-5685
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages X, 226
  • Number of Illustrations 2 b/w illustrations, 1 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Neurology
  • Buy this book on publisher's site