Skip to main content
  • Book
  • Open Access
  • © 2021

Model-Based Engineering of Collaborative Embedded Systems

Extensions of the SPES Methodology

  • Presents methodologies for the effective and efficient development of collaborative embedded systems

  • Provides techniques to specify controlled forms of dynamic structure

  • Emphasizes reliability and variability of individual as well as networked systems of systems

  • Provides applications in automotive systems robotics, industrial production and power generatioN

Buying options

Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-62135-3
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Free shipping worldwide
    See shipping information.
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout

Table of contents (19 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xiii
  2. CrESt Use Cases

    • Holger Schlingloff
    Pages 1-14Open Access
  3. Engineering of Collaborative Embedded Systems

    • Birthe Böhm, Wolfgang Böhm, Marian Daun, Alexander Hayward, Sieglinde Kranz, Nikolaus Regnat et al.
    Pages 15-48Open Access
  4. Architectures for Flexible Collaborative Systems

    • Birthe Böhm, Carmen Cârlan, Annelie Sohr, Stephan Unverdorben, Jan Vollmar
    Pages 49-70Open Access
  5. Function Modeling for Collaborative Embedded Systems

    • Alexander Hayward, Marian Daun, Ana Petrovska, Wolfgang Böhm, Lisa Krajinski, Alexander Fay
    Pages 71-93Open Access
  6. Architectures for Dynamically Coupled Systems

    • Malin Gandor, Nicolas Jäckel, Lorenz Käser, Alexander Schlie, Ingo Stierand, Axel Terfloth et al.
    Pages 95-124Open Access
  7. Modeling and Analyzing Context-Sensitive Changes during Runtime

    • Jan Christoph Wehrstedt, Jennifer Brings, Birte Caesar, Marian Daun, Linda Feeken, Constantin Hildebrandt et al.
    Pages 125-146Open Access
  8. Handling Uncertainty in Collaborative Embedded Systems Engineering

    • Torsten Bandyszak, Lisa Jöckel, Michael Kläs, Sebastian Törsleff, Thorsten Weyer, Boris Wirtz
    Pages 147-170Open Access
  9. Dynamic Safety Certification for Collaborative Embedded Systems at Runtime

    • David Santiago Velasco Moncada, Daniel Schneider, Ana Petrovska, Nishanth Laxman, Felix Möhrle, Stefan Rothbauer et al.
    Pages 171-196Open Access
  10. Goal-Based Strategy Exploration

    • Patricia Aluko Obe, Jennifer Brings, Marian Daun, Linda Feeken, Elham Mirzaei, Martin Neumann et al.
    Pages 197-216Open Access
  11. Creating Trust in Collaborative Embedded Systems

    • Samira Akili, Emilia Cioroaica, Thomas Kuhn, Holger Schlingloff
    Pages 217-238Open Access
  12. Language Engineering for Heterogeneous Collaborative Embedded Systems

    • Arvid Butting, Andreas Wortmann
    Pages 239-253Open Access
  13. Development and Evaluation of Collaborative Embedded Systems using Simulation

    • Emilia Cioroaica, Karsten Albers, Wolfgang Boehm, Florian Pudlitz, Christian Granrath, Roland Rosen et al.
    Pages 255-268Open Access
  14. Tool Support for Co-Simulation-Based Analysis

    • Karsten Albers, Benjamin Bolte, Max-Arno Meyer, Axel Terfloth, Anna Wißdorf
    Pages 269-282Open Access
  15. Supporting the Creation of Digital Twins for CESs

    • Emilia Cioroaica, Thomas Kuhn, Dimitar Dimitrov
    Pages 283-294Open Access
  16. Online Experiment-Driven Learning and Adaptation

    • Ilias Gerostathopoulos, Alexander auf der Straße
    Pages 295-303Open Access
  17. Artifact-Based Analysis for the Development of Collaborative Embedded Systems

    • Steffen Hillemacher, Nicolas Jäckel, Christopher Kugler, Philipp Orth, David Schmalzing, Louis Wachtmeister
    Pages 315-331Open Access
  18. Variant and Product Line Co-Evolution

    • Jörg Christian Kirchhof, Michael Nieke, Ina Schaefer, David Schmalzing, Michael Schulze
    Pages 333-351Open Access
  19. Advanced Systems Engineering

    • Manfred Broy, Wolfgang Böhm, Bernhard Rumpe
    Pages 353-364Open Access

About this book

This Open Access book presents the results of the "Collaborative Embedded Systems" (CrESt) project, aimed at adapting and complementing the methodology underlying modeling techniques developed to cope with the challenges of the dynamic structures of collaborative embedded systems (CESs) based on the SPES development methodology.

In order to manage the high complexity of the individual systems and the dynamically formed interaction structures at runtime, advanced and powerful development methods are required that extend the current state of the art in the development of embedded systems and cyber-physical systems. The methodological contributions of the project support the effective and efficient development of CESs in dynamic and uncertain contexts, with special emphasis on the reliability and variability of individual systems and the creation of networks of such systems at runtime.

The project was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), and the case studies are therefore selected from areas that are highly relevant for Germany’s economy (automotive, industrial production, power generation, and robotics). It also supports the digitalization of complex and transformable industrial plants in the context of the German government's "Industry 4.0" initiative, and the project results provide a solid foundation for implementing the German government's high-tech strategy "Innovations for Germany" in the coming years.


  • Software Engineering
  • Model-Driven Software Development
  • Requirements Engineering
  • Automotive Software Engineering
  • Embedded Systems
  • Open Access
  • SPES Methodology
  • Simulation
  • Co-Design of Systems

Editors and Affiliations

  • Fakultät für Informatik, Technische Universität München, Garching, Germany

    Wolfgang Böhm, Manfred Broy

  • Corporate Technology, CT RDA SSI, Siemens AG, München, Germany

    Cornel Klein

  • Software Systems Engineering, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

    Klaus Pohl

  • Lehrstuhl Software Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

    Bernhard Rumpe

  • Assembly Technique (CR/APA1), Robert Bosch (Germany), Renningen, Germany

    Sebastian Schröck

About the editors

Wolfgang Böhm works at the Chair of Software and Systems Engineering at the Technical University of Munich since 2010. During this time, he was in charge of several research projects, among them the SPES projects SPES2020, SPES_XT, and CrESt. Prior to this appointment, he had worked as a System Software Engineer for the Private Networks Division of Siemens AG. 

Manfred Broy is full professor for Computer Science at the Institute for Computer Science of the Technical University of Munich. The core topic of his research is the development of complex software systems based on a solid scientific foundation, by means of well-elaborated processes, durable and flexible software architectures, and modern tools on the basis of mathematical and logical methods. He was awarded the Leibniz Preis in 1994 and   bestowed the Order of Merit (Bundesverdienstkreuz) in 1996, and received the Konrad-Zuse-Medal for extraordinary services in Computer Science in 2007. Manfred Broy is a Max-Planck-Fellow, member of the German Academy of Science and Engineering and the German National Academy of the Sciences “Leopoldina”.

Cornel Klein is Research Program Manager within the Technology Field “Software and Systems Innovation” of Siemens Corporate Technology in Munich. He is currently leading a corporate research program on validation and engineering of intelligent and autonomous systems. Starting his career 1998 at Siemens Public Networks, he held several management and expert positions within the company and also represented Siemens in external partnerships like ITEA, ARTEMIS/ECSEL and SPES. He has gained an extensive knowledge in communications, cyber-physical and embedded systems, software- and systems engineering as well as in application domains like automotive, mobility and smart cities/smart buildings.

Klaus Pohl is full professor for Software Systems Engineering at the University of Duisburg-Essen in Germany, as well as professor at the University of Limerick, Ireland. He is founding director of the Irish Software Engineering Research Centre Lero.  His main research interests comprise Requirements Engineering, Service-Based Systems Engineering, Software Quality Assurance as well as Software Product Line Engineering. He is coordinator of the FP7 Network of Excellence S-Cube and member of a number of steering committees and boards of directors. 

Bernhard Rumpe is full professor for Software Engineering at the RWTH Aachen University, Germany. Earlier he held positions at INRIA/IRISA, Rennes, Colorado State University, TU Braunschweig, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, and TU Munich. His main interests are rigorous and practical software and system development methods based on adequate modeling techniques, including their applications in areas like e.g. autonomous cars, human brain simulation, energy management, juristic contract digitalization, production automation, and cloud infrastructures. He is co-founder of SoSyM the Models conference series, the Aachen Center for Systems Engineering and several Start-Ups. 

Sebastian Schröck is working as senior expert and project manager at Corporate Sector Research and Advance Engineering of the Bosch Group. After studying Mechanical Engineering in Germany and Finland, he received a doctorate in engineering from the Helmut-Schmidt-University in Hamburg. His current fields of work are versatile production systems as well as national and international publicly funded projects. Furthermore, he is working as an independent expert for the European Commission.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Model-Based Engineering of Collaborative Embedded Systems

  • Book Subtitle: Extensions of the SPES Methodology

  • Editors: Wolfgang Böhm, Manfred Broy, Cornel Klein, Klaus Pohl, Bernhard Rumpe, Sebastian Schröck

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Computer Science, Computer Science (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2021

  • License: CC BY

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-030-62135-3Published: 15 December 2020

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-3-030-62138-4Published: 26 December 2022

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-62136-0Published: 14 December 2020

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XIII, 404

  • Number of Illustrations: 65 b/w illustrations, 83 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Software Engineering, Software Management, Automotive Engineering, Special Purpose and Application-Based Systems

Buying options

Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-62135-3
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Free shipping worldwide
    See shipping information.
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout