Results of the international meeting organized in Marseilles in November 2018 devoted to the aftermath of the Great War for mathematical communities
Features selected original research presented at the meeting offering a new perspective on a period, the 1920s
Present case studies illustrating how in the aftermath of the war many mathematicians had to organize their personal trajectories
Part of the book series: Trends in the History of Science (TRENDSHISTORYSCIENCE)
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Table of contents (11 chapters)
About this book
This book is a consequence of the international meeting organized in Marseilles in November 2018 devoted to the aftermath of the Great War for mathematical communities. It features selected original research presented at the meeting offering a new perspective on a period, the 1920s, not extensively considered by historiography.
After 1918, new countries were created, and borders of several others were modified. Territories were annexed while some countries lost entire regions. These territorial changes bear witness to the massive and varied upheavals with which European societies were confronted in the aftermath of the Great War. The reconfiguration of political Europe was accompanied by new alliances and a redistribution of trade – commercial, intellectual, artistic, military, and so on – which largely shaped international life during the interwar period. These changes also had an enormous impact on scientific life, not only in practice, but also in its organization and communication strategies.
The mathematical sciences, which from the late 19th century to the 1920s experienced a deep disciplinary evolution, were thus facing a double movement, internal and external, which led to a sustainable restructuring of research and teaching. Concomitantly, various areas such as topology, functional analysis, abstract algebra, logic or probability, among others, experienced exceptional development. This was accompanied by an explosion of new international or national associations of mathematicians with for instance the founding, in 1918, of the International Mathematical Union and the controversial creation of the International Research Council. Therefore, the central idea for the articulation of the various chapters of the book is to present case studies illustrating how in the aftermath of the war, many mathematicians had to organize their personal trajectories taking into account the evolution of the political, social and scientific environment which had taken place at the end of the conflict.
- great war
- mathematical communities
Editors and Affiliations
Sorbonne Université, LPSM, CNRS, UMR 8001, Paris, France
Université de Lille CNRS, UMR 8524, Laboratoire Paul Painlevé, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
Book Title: Mathematical Communities in the Reconstruction After the Great War 1918–1928
Book Subtitle: Trajectories and Institutions
Editors: Laurent Mazliak, Rossana Tazzioli
Series Title: Trends in the History of Science
Publisher: Birkhäuser Cham
Copyright Information: Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021
Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-030-61682-3Published: 28 March 2021
Softcover ISBN: 978-3-030-61685-4Published: 29 March 2022
eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-61683-0Published: 27 March 2021
Series ISSN: 2297-2951
Series E-ISSN: 2297-296X
Edition Number: 1
Number of Pages: XVI, 363
Number of Illustrations: 29 b/w illustrations, 16 illustrations in colour
Topics: History of Science