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  • Open Access
  • © 2021

The Future European Energy System

Renewable Energy, Flexibility Options and Technological Progress

  • Is an open access book

  • Studies flexibility requirements for the ongoing energy transition in Europe

  • Covers demand side sectors as well as the transport, heating, and electricity sector in Europe

  • Develops an innovative and comprehensive energy models system

  • Analyzes how the Strategic Energy Technology Plan of the European Commission can be realized

Buying options

Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Table of contents (16 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xxix
  2. Introduction, Scenario Description and Model Coupling Approach

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 1-1
    2. Introduction

      • Dominik Möst, Steffi Schreiber, Martin Jakob
      Pages 3-7Open Access
    3. Scenario Storyline in Context of Decarbonization Pathways for a Future European Energy System

      • Andrea Herbst, Steffi Schreiber, Witold-Roger Poganietz, Angelo Martino, Dominik Möst
      Pages 9-25Open Access
    4. Model Coupling Approach for the Analysis of the Future European Energy System

      • Robert Kunze, Steffi Schreiber
      Pages 27-51Open Access
  3. Technological Progress

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 53-53
    2. Electric Vehicle Market Diffusion in Main Non–European Markets

      • Katrin Seddig, Patrick Jochem, Wolf Fichtner
      Pages 75-88Open Access
  4. Demand Side Flexibility and the Role of Disruptive Technologies

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 89-89
    2. Future Energy Demand Developments and Demand Side Flexibility in a Decarbonized Centralized Energy System

      • Andrea Herbst, Anna-Lena Klingler, Stephanie Heitel, Pia Manz, Tobias Fleiter, Matthias Rehfeldt et al.
      Pages 91-113Open Access
    3. Disruptive Demand Side Technologies: Market Shares and Impact on Flexibility in a Decentralized World

      • Stephanie Heitel, Anna-Lena Klingler, Andrea Herbst, Francesca Fermi
      Pages 115-136Open Access
    4. What is the Flexibility Potential in the Tertiary Sector?

      • Ulrich Reiter, Martin Jakob
      Pages 137-153Open Access
  5. Flexibility Options in the Electricity and Heating Sector

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 175-175
    2. Optimal Energy Portfolios in the Electricity Sector: Trade-Offs and Interplay Between Different Flexibility Options

      • Steffi Schreiber, Christoph Zöphel, Dominik Möst
      Pages 177-198Open Access
    3. Impact of Electricity Market Designs on Investments in Flexibility Options

      • Christoph Fraunholz, Andreas Bublitz, Dogan Keles, Wolf Fichtner
      Pages 199-218Open Access
    4. Optimal Energy Portfolios in the Heating Sector and Flexibility Potentials of Combined-Heat-Power Plants and District Heating Systems

      • Maciej Raczyński, Artur Wyrwa, Marcin Pluta, Wojciech Suwała
      Pages 219-234Open Access
  6. Analysis of the Environmental and Socio-Impacts beyond the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Targets

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 235-235

About this book

This open access book analyzes the transition toward a low-carbon energy system in Europe under the aspects of flexibility and technological progress. By covering the main energy sectors – including the industry, residential, tertiary and transport sector as well as the heating and electricity sector – the analysis assesses flexibility requirements in a cross-sectoral energy system with high shares of renewable energies. The contributing authors – all European energy experts – apply models and tools from various research fields, including techno-economic learning, fundamental energy system modeling, and environmental and social life cycle as well as health impact assessment, to develop an innovative and comprehensive energy models system (EMS). Moreover, the contributions examine renewable penetrations and their contributions to climate change mitigation, and the impacts of available technologies on the energy system. Given its scope, the book appeals to researchers studying energy systems and markets, professionals and policymakers of the energy industry and readers interested in the transformation to a low-carbon energy system in Europe.


  • Energy system analysis
  • Renewable energy
  • Life cycle assessment
  • Technological learing
  • Energy system models
  • Energy market models
  • Climate change
  • Low-carbon energy system
  • Strategic energy technology plan of the European Commission
  • Open Access

Editors and Affiliations

  • Faculty of Business and Economics, Chair of Energy Economics, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany

    Dominik Möst, Steffi Schreiber

  • Competence Center Energy Technology and Energy Systems, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research, Karlsruhe, Germany

    Andrea Herbst

  • TEP Energy GmbH, Zurich, Switzerland

    Martin Jakob

  • TRT Trasporti e Territorio srl, Milan, Italy

    Angelo Martino

  • Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

    Witold-Roger Poganietz

About the editors

Prof. Dr. Dominik Möst is full professor of energy economics at the Technische Universität Dresden. Before being in Dresden, he was heading the Young Investigator Group (YIG) „New methods for energy market modelling“ and the research group „Energy system analysis and environment“at the Institute for Industrial Production at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT). He holds a Dr. rer. pol. from the Universität Karlsruhe (TH). His dissertation “On the competitiveness of hydropower in liberalized electricity markets” was awarded the Sparkassen-Preis for distinguished research at the Universität Karlsruhe. Dominik co-authored more than 100 articles, books and reports. He has ongoing and successfully completed scientific research and consulting projects with the European Union, government ministries, and different German and international companies. His research covers a broad range of topics from energy system and market modelling, energy market design, long range developments of energy markets and integration of renewable energies. Dominik has been awarded as Feodor-Lynen-Fellow of the Humboldt foundation at the University of Edinburgh. He is a member and chairman of the international business council renewables at Innogy SE as well as a member of scientific advisory boards (e.g. 50Hertz Transmission, German Aerospace Center Institute of Networked Energy Systems, etc.).

Steffi Schreiber is a Researcher at the Chair of Energy Economics at the Technische Universität (TU) Dresden in Germany. She is one of the coordinators of the REFLEX project funded by the EU’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, on which the analysis and results of this book are based. Her research focus is on energy system modeling and analysis of possible decarbonization pathways for the European electricity system, in particular flexibility options and sector coupling, and the system integration of renewable energy sources.

Dr. Andrea Herbst is a Researcher at the Competence Center Energy Technologies and Energy Systems, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI) in Karlsruhe, Germany. Her main focus is on the transformation of the industrial sector (deep decarbonization) and future scenarios regarding energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions. 

Dr. Martin Jakob, Dipl. Phys. Ing. ETH, is a Co-founder of and Managing Partner at TEP Energy since 2008. Before that he was a Research Associate and Project Manager at the engineering offices of Paul Widmer, at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), and at the Center for Energy Policy and Economics (CEPE) of the ETH Zurich, Switzerland. He holds a doctorate from ETH Zurich in the economics of energy efficiency. His main interest is to integrate technological, economic and policy aspects in empirical, modeling, and implementation projects.

Angelo Martino is a Senior Expert in transport policy analysis and modeling. His cross-disciplinary experience covers various key topics in European transport policy, ranging from energy efficiency to air quality issues, from sustainable transport measures to technology options and from the urban scale to the regional and national. He has previously served at the Polytechnic of Milan: as an Adjunct Professor of Transport Economics and Planning (2007–2010) and of Transport and Traffic Modeling (2002–2009).

Dr. Witold-Roger Poganietz is Head of the research unit “Energy” at the Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in Germany. Since 2015, he has also been Deputy Head of the Focus Area “Energy Systems Analysis” at the KIT Centre Energy. His main research interests are in socio-technological energy scenarios, and in the sustainability assessment of technologies and energy systems.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: The Future European Energy System

  • Book Subtitle: Renewable Energy, Flexibility Options and Technological Progress

  • Editors: Dominik Möst, Steffi Schreiber, Andrea Herbst, Martin Jakob, Angelo Martino, Witold-Roger Poganietz

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Economics and Finance, Economics and Finance (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2021

  • License: CC BY

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-030-60913-9Published: 24 February 2021

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-3-030-60916-0Published: 27 January 2022

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-60914-6Published: 23 February 2021

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XXIX, 309

  • Number of Illustrations: 6 b/w illustrations, 88 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Natural Resource and Energy Economics, Energy Policy, Economics and Management, Public Policy, Electrical Power Engineering

Buying options

Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)