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  • Book
  • Open Access
  • © 2021

Safety for Particle Accelerators


(view affiliations)
  • Offers a basic introduction to core accelerator technologies and safety issues such as those concerning cryogenic systems, pressure vessels and high voltages

  • Introduces specific hazardous issues at accelerator facilities and outlines preventive methods

  • Explains a safety management system for accelerator facilities that reflects the needs of the various stakeholders, such as the management, accelerator operators, and members of the public living near facilities

Part of the book series: Particle Acceleration and Detection (PARTICLE)

Buying options

Hardcover Book
USD 24.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Table of contents (5 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xi
  2. Introduction to Occupational Safety

    • Thomas Otto
    Pages 1-4Open Access
  3. Risks and Hazards of Particle Accelerator Technologies

    • Thomas Otto
    Pages 5-54Open Access
  4. Beam Hazards and Ionising Radiation

    • Thomas Otto
    Pages 55-82Open Access
  5. Industrial Safety at Particle Accelerators

    • Thomas Otto
    Pages 83-116Open Access
  6. Safety Organisation at Particle Accelerators

    • Thomas Otto
    Pages 117-139Open Access
  7. Back Matter

    Pages 141-148

About this book

The use of non-standard technologies such as superconductivity, cryogenics and radiofrequency pose challenges for the safe operation of accelerator facilities that cannot be addressed using only best practice from occupational safety in conventional industry. This book introduces readers to different occupational safety issues at accelerator facilities and is directed to managers, scientists, technical personnel and students working at current or future accelerator facilities. While the focus is on occupational safety – how to protect the people working at these facilities – the book also touches on “machine safety” – how to prevent accelerators from doing structural damage to themselves.

This open access book offers a first introduction to safety at accelerator facilities. Presenting an overview of the safety-related aspects of the specific technologies employed in particle accelerators, it highlights the potential hazards at such facilities and current prevention and protection measures. It closes with a review of safety management and organization at accelerator facilities. 


  • Radiation safety
  • Hierarchy of safety measures
  • Accelerator operation
  • Laser safety
  • Ionising radiation
  • Superconducting radio frequency
  • Superconducting magnet
  • Cryostat Design
  • Open access
  • quality control, reliability, safety and risk

Authors and Affiliations

  • CERN, Genève, Switzerland

    Thomas Otto

About the author

Thomas Otto studied physics at TU Braunschweig and U Mainz and specialised in nuclear and atomic physics. He received his Ph.D. in 1993 for work on ion traps. After a Marie-Curie Fellowship at the UC Louvain-La-Neuve, he joined in 1996 the European Organization for Nuclear Research, CERN. He was in charge of the Personal Dosimetry Service and of practical radiation protection at different particle accelerators. Since 2010, he is responsible for occupational safety in the Technology Department, which provides the key technologies for CERN’s particle accelerators. He is also the Project Safety Officer for the High-Luminosity upgrade to the LHC, CERN’s future flagship accelerator. In 2019, Thomas Otto has been elected to the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements, ICRU.

Bibliographic Information

Buying options

Hardcover Book
USD 24.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)