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Modern Approaches to Augmentation of Brain Function

  • Book
  • © 2021

Overview

  • Evaluates existing methods of brain augmentation and introduces recent advances in neural technology that enhance brain function
  • Covers the benefits of electrical stimulation, epidural stimulation, trans-cranial magnetic and neuro-stimulation of brain functions
  • Explores new perspectives on brain computer interfaces in medical decision-making
  • Discusses the effects of augmenting cognition on emotion and behavior, especially in relation to virtual reality and futuristic brain/cloud interface.

Part of the book series: Contemporary Clinical Neuroscience (CCNE)

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About this book

This book covers recent advances in neural technology that provide for enhancements for brain function.  It addresses a broad range of neural phenomena occurring in the brain circuits involved in perception, cognition, emotion and action, that represent the building blocks of behavior and cognition. Augmentation of brain function can be achieved by using brain implants for recordings, stimulation, or drug delivery.  Alternative methods include employing brain-machine interfaces, as well as noninvasive activation of certain brain areas.  This volume evaluates existing methods of brain augmentation while discussing the brain circuitry and neuronal mechanisms that make augmentation possible.

 

This volume offers novel insights into brain disorders, and explores new devices for brain repair while also addressing the philosophical and ethical implications of brain augmentation. The information in this book is relevant to researchers in the fields of neuroscience, engineering, and clinical practice.

 

Advance Praise for Modern Approaches to Augmentation of Brain Function:

 

This impressive book by leading experts in neuroscience and neuroengineering lays out the future of brain augmentation, in which the human mind and machine merge, leading to a rapid exponential growth of the power of humanity.”

Ray Kurzweil, best-selling author, inventor, entrepreneur and a recipient of the National Medal of Technology and Innovation (1999), and the Lemelson-MIT Prize (2001)

               

"This book employs a holistic approach in covering the recent advances in the fields of neuroscience, neuroinformatics, neurotechnology and neuro-psycho-pharmacology. Each chapter of the book covers major aspects of modern brain research in connection with the human mind and behavior, and is authored by researchers with unique expertise in their field. "

Ioan  Dumitrache, Prof. Dr. Eng. Faculty of Computer Science, Polytechnic University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania

 

“This book presents compelling perspectives on what interactive neuroscience will look like in the future, delving into the innovatory ideas of a diverse set of neuroscientists, and speculating on the different ways computer chips implanted in the brains of humans can effect intelligence and communication.”

György Buzsáki, MD, PhD is the Biggs Professor of Neuroscience, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY

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Keywords

Table of contents (31 chapters)

  1. Stimulating the Brain

  2. Brain-Computer Interfaces

  3. Augmenting Cognitive Function

  4. Futuristic Approaches to Augmentation

Editors and Affiliations

  • Department of Neurosurgery, University of Miami, Miami, USA

    Ioan Opris

  • Center for Bioelectrical Interfaces, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia

    Mikhail A. Lebedev

  • Greenville Health System, University of South Carolina, Greenville, USA

    Manuel F. Casanova

About the editors

Dr. Ioan Opris is an associate professor at University of Miami, Coral Gables in Biomedical Engineering Department, having a PhD in Physics and Biophysics, with a substantial contribution in Systems and Cognitive Neuroscience. He is already an editor of two previous Springer books. The main focus of his current research is on the augmentation of cognitive function and locomotion boy both classic and modern noninvasive Neural Spintronics approaches. Dr. Opris is an editor of several journals, books and special issues.



Dr. Mikhail Lebedev a Chief Research Scientist and Professor, works in the fields of Neurorophysiology and Neuroprosthetics.  The major focus of his current research is on brain-computer interfaces (BCIs), such as BCIs for reaching and grasping, BCIs that reproduce bipedal locomotion patterns, and sensorized  BCIs that both extract motor command from the brain and deliver sensory  information back to the brain. Lebedev is an editor of several journals, books and special issues.



Manuel F. Casanova, MD is the SmartState Endowed Chair in Childhood Neurotherapeutics and a professor of Biomedical Sciences at the University of South Carolina School of Medicine Greenville. He is a former Gottfried and Gisela Kolb Endowed Chair in Outpatient Psychiatry and a Professor of Anatomical Sciences and Neurobiology at the University of Louisville.  Casanova's research focuses on the biological basis of neurodevelopment disorders, and abnormalities of cortical circuitry, in particular on the cell minicolumn. Using computerized imaging analysis, he has established the anatomical validity of the cell minicolumn. Casanova has reported interhemispheric differences in the morphometry of minicolumns that could provide explanations for the speciation of hominids. He has also reported on the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation as a possible therapeutic intervention in autism and on the use of gamma oscillation abnormalities as an outcome measure.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Modern Approaches to Augmentation of Brain Function

  • Editors: Ioan Opris, Mikhail A. Lebedev, Manuel F. Casanova

  • Series Title: Contemporary Clinical Neuroscience

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-54564-2

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Biomedical and Life Sciences, Biomedical and Life Sciences (R0)

  • Copyright Information: Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-030-54563-5Published: 26 August 2021

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-3-030-54566-6Published: 27 August 2022

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-54564-2Published: 25 August 2021

  • Series ISSN: 2627-535X

  • Series E-ISSN: 2627-5341

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XXII, 747

  • Number of Illustrations: 36 b/w illustrations, 153 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Neurosciences

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