Addresses the current practices and issues in measurement of hate crimes in America
Provides insight into causes and consequences of under-reporting of hate crime in America
Recommends an action plan and best practice model for hate crime measurement, along with a comparative analysis of international hate crime measurement models
Part of the book series: SpringerBriefs in Criminology (BRIEFSCRIMINOL)
Part of the book sub series: SpringerBriefs in Policing (BRIEFSPOLICI)
Buy it now
Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout
Other ways to access
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Table of contents (9 chapters)
About this book
Using data from the Uniform Crime Reporting Hate Crime Statistics Program and the National Crime Victimization Survey, this brief highlights the uniqueness of hate or bias crime victimization. It compares these to non-bias crimes and delineates the situational circumstances that distinguish bias from non-bias offending.
The nuances of under-reporting shed light on bias-group and victim reasons for not reporting. By examining measurement issues associated with data collection systems, this brief helps explain why eighty-nine percent of participating law enforcement agencies report zero hate crimes each year. It describes patterns and trends in reporting the volume of general bias motivations and specific bias types, as the most prevalent hate crime offense types and most likely victims and offenders.
With recommendations to address issues in measurement and under-reporting, including an action plan by the Enhance the Response to Hate Crimes Advisory Committee and the International Association of Chiefs of Police, a best practice model by the Oak Creek Police Department, and other promising law enforcement reporting models, this brief provides an increasingly critical resource for law enforcement practitioners and researchers dealing with hate crimes.
- hate crimes
- UCR hate crime report
- bias crime
- National Association to Enhance the Response to Hate Crimes
- International Association of Chiefs of Police
- hate crime statutes
- hate crime victimization
- bias crime victimization
- Uniform Crime Report
- hate studies
Authors and Affiliations
Department of Criminal Justice, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, New York City, USA
Frank S. Pezzella
Department of Criminal Justice, Shippensburg University, Shippensburg, USA
Matthew D. Fetzer
About the authors
Frank S. Pezzella (Criminal Justice, SUNY Albany) is an associate professor with the Department of Criminal Justice at John Jay College of Criminal Justice and the Program of Doctoral Studies in Criminal Justice at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. He is the author of “Hate Crime Statutes: a public policy and law enforcement dilemma,” a Springer brief about the policy dilemmas and unintended consequences of hate crime statutes. He is the coauthor of several research reports that delineate the prevalence and severity of injuries to hate crime victims. He regularly teaches undergraduate and graduate courses about hate crime offending and victimizations.
Matthew D. Fetzer (Criminal Justice, SUNY Albany) is an associate professor with the Department of Criminal Justice at Shippensburg University. His research interests include the measurement of crime and delinquency, hate crime, violence, and juvenile justice. Prior to his current position, he worked as a program research specialist for the New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services. While working for New York State, he first began conducting research on hate crime in addition to topics of homicide and domestic violence.
Book Title: The Measurement of Hate Crimes in America
Authors: Frank S. Pezzella, Matthew D. Fetzer
Series Title: SpringerBriefs in Criminology
Publisher: Springer Cham
Copyright Information: The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021
Softcover ISBN: 978-3-030-51576-8Published: 24 October 2020
eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-51577-5Published: 23 October 2020
Series ISSN: 2192-8533
Series E-ISSN: 2192-8541
Edition Number: 1
Number of Pages: IX, 126
Number of Illustrations: 7 b/w illustrations