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An Introduction to the Confinement Problem

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  • © 2020
  • Latest edition


  • Written by a leading expert in quark confinement problems
  • Gives a clear introduction to gauge theories involved in confinement problems with special emphasis on lattice formulation
  • New chapters include the center vortex theory and varieties of confinement existing in gauge-Higgs theories
  • Useful both as a reference and self-study guide

Part of the book series: Lecture Notes in Physics (LNP, volume 972)

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About this book

This book addresses the confinement problem, which concerns the behavior of non-abelian gauge theories, and the force which is mediated by gauge fields, at large distances. The word “confinement” in the context of hadronic physics originally referred to the fact that quarks and gluons appear to be trapped inside mesons and baryons, from which they cannot escape. There are other, and possibly deeper meanings that can be attached to the term, and these will be explored in this book. Although the confinement problem is far from solved, much is now known about the general features of the confining force, and there are a number of very well motivated theories of confinement which are under active investigation. This volume gives a both pedagogical and concise introduction and overview of the main ideas in this field, their attractive features, and, as appropriate, their shortcomings. 

This second edition summarizes some of the developments in this area which have occurred since the first edition of this book appeared in 2011. These include new results in the caloron/dyon picture of confinement, in functional approaches, and in studies of the Yang-Mills vacuum wave functional.  Special attention, in two new chapters, is given to recent numerical investigations of the center vortex theory, and to the varieties of confinement which may exist in gauge-Higgs theories.

Reviews of the first edition:

This is indeed a very good book. I enjoyed reading it and… I learned a lot from it.… It is definitely a research book that provides readers with a guide to the most updated confinement models.” (Giuseppe Nardelli, Mathematical Reviews, Issue 2012 d)

The book is beautifully produced with special emphasis on the relevance of center symmetry and lattice formulation as well as an introduction to current research on confinement.” (Paninjukunnath Achuthan, Zentralblatt MATH, Vol. 1217, 2011)

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Table of contents (16 chapters)

Authors and Affiliations

  • Physics and Astronomy Department, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, USA

    Jeff Greensite

About the author

Jeff Greensite received his Ph.D. in 1980 from the University of California at Santa Cruz, and held post-doctoral positions at UC Berkeley, the Universite Libre de Bruxelles, and the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen, before joining the faculty at San Francisco State University in 1984. His research specialty is in theoretical high energy physics. Dr. Greensite has published over two hundred research papers, mostly in the general area of quantum chromodynamics and lattice gauge theory, along with one textbook (An Introduction to Quantum Theory, IOP Publishing).

Bibliographic Information

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