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  • Textbook
  • Open Access
  • © 2021

The Future of Africa

Challenges and Opportunities

Palgrave Macmillan


  • Analyzes human and economic development prospects in Africa

  • Aims to examine where African human and economic development will be in 2040

  • Reviews development trends and suggest policies which might accelerate the development process

  • This textbook is open access which means you have free and unlimited access

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 37.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Table of contents (16 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xvii
  2. The Growing Gap

    • Jakkie Cilliers
    Pages 1-22Open Access
  3. Africa’s Current Path

    • Jakkie Cilliers
    Pages 23-47Open Access
  4. Health

    • Jakkie Cilliers
    Pages 49-70Open Access
  5. Getting to Africa’s Demographic Dividend

    • Jakkie Cilliers
    Pages 71-96Open Access
  6. Wanted: A Revolution in Agriculture

    • Jakkie Cilliers
    Pages 97-122Open Access
  7. Boosting Education

    • Jakkie Cilliers
    Pages 123-145Open Access
  8. Poverty, Inequality and Growth

    • Jakkie Cilliers
    Pages 147-168Open Access
  9. Changing Productive Structures

    • Jakkie Cilliers
    Pages 169-194Open Access
  10. The Future of Work in Africa

    • Jakkie Cilliers
    Pages 195-219Open Access
  11. Technological Innovation and the Power of Leapfrogging

    • Jakkie Cilliers
    Pages 221-247Open Access
  12. Trade and Growth

    • Jakkie Cilliers
    Pages 249-277Open Access
  13. Prospects for Greater Peace

    • Jakkie Cilliers
    Pages 279-305Open Access
  14. Good Governance, Democracy and Development

    • Jakkie Cilliers
    Pages 307-330Open Access
  15. Aid, Remittances and Foreign Direct Investment

    • Jakkie Cilliers
    Pages 331-353Open Access
  16. Climate Change

    • Jakkie Cilliers
    Pages 355-379Open Access
  17. Closing the Gap

    • Jakkie Cilliers
    Pages 381-406Open Access
  18. Back Matter

    Pages 407-421

About this book

This open access textbook offers a critical introduction to human and economic development prospects in Africa revolving around three questions: where is Africa today, what explains the current state, and, given historical trends and what we know about the world, where do we think the continent will be in 2040? And, a final question: what can we do to create a better tomorrow? It models ambitious progress in health, demographics, agriculture, education, industrialization, technological leapfrogging, increased trade, greater stability, better governance and external support. The book reviews the future of work/jobs, poverty and the impact of climate change. A combined Closing the Gap scenario presents a forecast of what could be possible by 2040. Each chapter suggests which policies might accelerate prospects for each sector. Written in an accessible style, and supported by a range of pedagogical features, this textbook introduces undergraduate and graduate students to the contemporary human and economic development prospects in Africa.


  • Africa
  • demographics
  • population
  • development
  • development in Africa
  • African Union
  • China
  • political economy in Africa
  • African politics
  • Open access

Authors and Affiliations

  • Head of African Futures & Innovation, Institute for Security Studies, Pretoria, South Africa

    Jakkie Cilliers

About the author

Jakkie Cilliers is the founder of the Institute for Security Studies. He now serves as head of the African Futures and Innovation program and chair of the ISS Board of Trustees. He is an extraordinary professor at the University of Pretoria, South Africa.

Bibliographic Information

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 37.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)