© 2020

Drifting by Intention

Four Epistemic Traditions from within Constructive Design Research


  • Proposes the concept of "drifting" to the design process

  • Provides unprecedented helpful models for steering and navigating processes of constructive design research

  • Features proven knowledge built on novel, high-acclaimed research results in the field


Part of the Design Research Foundations book series (DERF)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Peter Gall Krogh, Ilpo Koskinen
    Pages 1-13
  3. Peter Gall Krogh, Ilpo Koskinen
    Pages 15-27
  4. Peter Gall Krogh, Ilpo Koskinen
    Pages 29-45
  5. Peter Gall Krogh, Ilpo Koskinen
    Pages 47-58
  6. Peter Gall Krogh, Ilpo Koskinen
    Pages 59-71
  7. Peter Gall Krogh, Ilpo Koskinen
    Pages 73-82
  8. Peter Gall Krogh, Ilpo Koskinen
    Pages 83-93
  9. Peter Gall Krogh, Ilpo Koskinen
    Pages 95-105
  10. Peter Gall Krogh, Ilpo Koskinen
    Pages 107-121
  11. Peter Gall Krogh, Ilpo Koskinen
    Pages 123-127
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 129-146

About this book


Constructive design research, is an exploratory endeavor building exemplars, arguments, and evidence. In this monograph, it is shown how acts of designing builds relevance and articulates knowledge in combination. Using design acts to build new knowledge, invite reframing of questions and new perceptions to build up. Respecting the emergence of new knowledge in the process invite change of cause and action. The authors' term for this change is drifting; designers drift; and they drift intentionally, knowing what they do. The book details how drifting is a methodic practice of its own and provides examples of how and where it happens. This volume explores how to do it effectively, and how it depends on the concept of knowledge. 

The authors identify four epistemic traditions in constructive design research. By introducing a Knowledge/Relevance model they clarify how design experiments create knowledge and what kinds of challenges and contributions designers face when drifting. Along the lines of experimental design work the authors identify five main ways in which constructive experiments drift. Only one of them borrows its practices from experimental science, others build on precedents including arts and craft practices. As the book reveals, constructive design research builds on a rich body of research that finds its origins in some of the most important intellectual movements of 20th century. This background further expands constructive design research from a scientific model towards a more welcoming understanding of research and knowledge.   

This monograph provides novel actionable models for steering and navigating processes of constructive design research. It helps skill the design researcher in participating in the general language games of research and helps the design researcher build research relations beyond the discipline.


Constructive Design Research Designer work what is a designer Design Knowledge Design research methods Design profession science Design PhD Design Research Experimental Design Interaction Design foundation designer Research by Design Research Through Design Knowledge Production in design

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Engineering, Socio-Technical designAarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark
  2. 2.Design NextUniversity of New South WalesSydneyAustralia

About the authors

Peter Gall Krogh is educated as Architect and Industrial Designer. For more than 20 years he has collaborated with engineers and computer scientists merging technical advancements and artistic concerns in research delivering contribution both in and to design research. As also his industrial career witnesses the work of Peter Gall Krogh has been equally concerned with the object as well as the impact of design research.

Ilpo Koskinen is a former sociologist who has worked in the intersection of product and interaction design for about 20 years. Most of his work has focused on methodological issues in design. He is best known for his work in mobile multimedia, the methodology of design research, and various types of IT concepts.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Drifting by Intention
  • Book Subtitle Four Epistemic Traditions from within Constructive Design Research
  • Authors Peter Gall Krogh
    Ilpo Koskinen
  • Series Title Design Research Foundations
  • Series Abbreviated Title Design Res. Foundat.
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Engineering Engineering (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-030-37895-0
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-030-37898-1
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-030-37896-7
  • Series ISSN 2366-4622
  • Series E-ISSN 2366-4630
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XIII, 146
  • Number of Illustrations 32 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Industrial Design
    Philosophy of Technology
    Engineering Design
    Graphic Design
  • Buy this book on publisher's site