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  • © 2020

Handbook on Characterization of Biomass, Biowaste and Related By-products


  • Gathers and compares various characterization methods to help readers quickly understand and choose the most appropriate methods

  • Includes biological, chemical, thermal and physical methods to provide a comprehensive approach to biomass and bio-waste characterization

  • Includes protocols, standards, databases and references for reliable analyses

  • Focuses on different biomass and related biomass products that enable the characterization of a wide range of biomass and bio-waste types

  • Discusses innovative characterization methods under development to keep readers up to date

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eBook USD 119.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-35020-8
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book USD 159.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

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Table of contents (15 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xvi
  2. Biomass Categories

    • Augustina Ephraim, Patricia Arlabosse, Ange Nzihou, Doan Pham Minh, Patrick Sharrock
    Pages 1-29
  3. Generic and Advanced Characterization Techniques

    • Doan Pham Minh, Philippe Accart, Céline Boachon, Rachel Calvet, Anthony Chesnaud, Sylvie Del Confetto et al.
    Pages 31-497
  4. Lignocellulosic Biomass

    • Thierry Ghislain, Xavier Duret, Papa Niokhor Diouf, Jean-Michel Lavoie
    Pages 499-535
  5. Microalgal Biomass of Industrial Interest: Methods of Characterization

    • Catherine Dupré, Hugh D. Burrows, Maria G. Campos, Cédric Delattre, Telma Encarnação, Marilyne Fauchon et al.
    Pages 537-639
  6. Methods to Assess Biological Transformation of Biomass

    • Hélène Carrère, Georgia Antonopoulou, Céline Druilhe, Eric Latrille, Gerasimos Lyberatos, Julie Jimenez et al.
    Pages 641-730
  7. Municipal Solid Waste

    • Marco J. Castaldi, Yong Chi, Simona Ciuta, Jun Dong, Pinjing He, Nathalie Lyczko et al.
    Pages 731-840
  8. Extraction and Characterization of Nanomaterials from Agrowaste

    • Deepu Gopakumar, Nathalie Lyczko, Hanna J. Maria, Ange Nzihou, Sabu Thomas
    Pages 841-897
  9. Food Waste and Manure

    • Carol Sze Ki Lin, Muthupandian Ashokkumar, Guneet Kaur, Chong Li, Xiaotong Li, Khai Lun Ong et al.
    Pages 899-938
  10. Sludge

    • Patricia Arlabosse, Ange Nzihou, Stewart Oakley, Martial Sauceau, Christelle Tribout, Fei Wang et al.
    Pages 939-1083
  11. Biogas

    • Hélène Métivier, Hassen Benbelkacem, Vincent Chatain, Lucy Culleton, Nathalie Dumont
    Pages 1085-1112
  12. Syngas

    • Augustina Ephraim, Rajesh Munirathinam, Ange Nzihou, Doan Pham Minh, Yohan Richardson
    Pages 1113-1171
  13. Condensable and Liquid Compounds from Biomass and Waste Thermal Degradation

    • Capucine Dupont, Andrés Anca-Couce, Jean-Michel Commandré, Alba Dieguez-Alonso, Thierry Ghislain, Maria Gonzalez Martinez et al.
    Pages 1173-1210
  14. Dioxins and Dioxin-like Compounds

    • Shengyong Lu, Alfons Buekens, Tong Chen, Xiaoqing Lin, Mingxiu Zhan, Mengmei Zhang
    Pages 1211-1265
  15. Particulate Matter

    • Jun Dong, Yong Chi, Augustina Ephraim, Ange Nzihou, Lina María Romero Millán
    Pages 1267-1306
  16. Solid Residues (Biochar, Bottom Ash, Fly Ash, …)

    • Elsa Weiss-Hortala, Anthony Chesnaud, Laurène Haurie, Nathalie Lyczko, Rajesh Munirathinam, Ange Nzihou et al.
    Pages 1307-1387

About this book

This book provides authoritative information, techniques and data necessary for the appropriate understanding of biomass and biowaste (understood as contaminated biomass) composition and behaviour while processed in various conditions and technologies. Numerous techniques for characterizing biomass, biowaste and by-product streams exist in literature. However, there lacks a reference book where these techniques are gathered in a single book, although such information is in increasingly high demand. This handbook provides a wealth of characterization methods, protocols, standards, databases and references relevant to various biomass, biowaste materials and by-products. It specifically addresses sampling and preconditioning methods, extraction techniques of elements and molecules, as well as biochemical, mechanical and thermal characterization methods. Furthermore, advanced and innovative methods under development are highlighted. The characterization will allow the analysis, identification and quantification of molecules and species including biomass feedstocks and related conversion products. The characterization will also provide insight into physical, mechanical and thermal properties of biomass and biowaste as well as the resulting by-products.



  • Biomass, biowaste and by-products
  • Biomass and Biowaste characterization
  • Biogas and syngas characterization
  • Condensables and liquid compounds analysis
  • Particle matters characterization

Editors and Affiliations

  • RAPSODEE CNRS, UMR-5302, Université de Toulouse, IMT Mines Albi, Albi Cedex, 09, France

    Ange Nzihou

About the editor

Professor Ange NZIHOU (M) holds a PhD in Chemical Engineering, and is Director of the Research Centre for Particulate Solids, Energy and Environment (RAPSODEE – CNRS) at the IMT Mines Albi (France). He is a Distinguished Professor of Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Editor-in-Chief of “Waste and Biomass Valorization” ( journal/12649), a peer-reviewed journal published by Springer Nature, and the founding Chair of the WasteEng Conference Series (, an international bi-annual series established in 2005. He is Chair of WtERT-France (Waste to Energy   Research and Technology Council) led by Columbia University (USA), and a member of the management team of the Global WtERT Council He is a Visiting Professor at a number of top universities in the USA, Europe, China, India and Malaysia. He is also a board member of leading peer-reviewed engineering journals and committees.
He has extensive expertise in fields such as energy and added value materials from biomass and waste; recovery of phosphate and inorganic elements from waste and biomass, recycling, functionalisation phosphate-based composites / hybrid materials (sorbents, fertilizers, catalysts, energy carriers, sensors) for energy, agriculture and depollution (liquid, gas, solid phases); thermochemical processes (pyrolysis, gasification, reforming) for biochar, bioash and energy production; the behavior of pollutants such as heavy metals and aerosols (fine particles) and kinetics and transfer phenomena. He has published 145 articles in peer-reviewed journals, 4 world patents (2 scaled-up at industrial level), co-edited 2 books on waste and environmental management and engineering fields,  and presented 33 invited plenary and keynote lectures at international conferences. He has chaired and co-chaired 10 conferences and 2 international summer schools. He has obtained about 5.6 M€ of research grants over the 20 last years. He is Chair and principal Investigator of 3 joint Laboratories with industry.
He has received international and national awards such as the Grand Prix 2018 of the Academy of Sciences of France for his outstanding contributions in science and technology of energy transition. He was also made an Erudite Professor of the Mahatma Ghandi University (India) in 2018. He was appointed as a member of the scientific advisory board of the World Bank PASET program (Partnership for skills in Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology) Scholarship in Innovation Fund in 2018. He was also made a Knight of the National Order of Merit (France) in 2017. He has frequently worked as an adviser and evaluator for EU projects under the FP7 and H2020 framework programs.

Bibliographic Information

Buying options

eBook USD 119.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-35020-8
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book USD 159.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)