Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Malcolm Wray Dunlop, Hermann Lühr
    Pages 1-4 Open Access
  3. Heikki Vanhamäki, Liisa Juusola
    Pages 5-33 Open Access
  4. Heikki Vanhamäki, Liisa Juusola, Kirsti Kauristie, Abiyot Workayehu, Sebastian Käki
    Pages 35-53 Open Access
  5. Joachim Vogt, Adrian Blagau, Costel Bunescu, Maosheng He
    Pages 55-81 Open Access
  6. Malcolm Wray Dunlop, J.-Y. Yang, Y.-Y. Yang, Hermann Lühr, J.-B. Cao
    Pages 83-116 Open Access
  7. Hermann Lühr, Patricia Ritter, Guram Kervalishvili, Jan Rauberg
    Pages 117-140 Open Access
  8. Colin L. Waters, B. J. Anderson, D. L. Green, H. Korth, R. J. Barnes, Heikki Vanhamäki
    Pages 141-165 Open Access
  9. Lorenzo Trenchi, The FAC-MICE Team, K. Kauristie, S. Käki, Heikki Vanhamäki, L. Juusola et al.
    Pages 167-188 Open Access
  10. Heikki Vanhamäki, Liisa Juusola
    Pages C1-C1 Open Access
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 285-288

About this book


This open access book provides a comprehensive toolbox of analysis techniques for
ionospheric multi-satellite missions. The immediate need for this volume was motivated
by the ongoing ESA Swarm satellite mission, but the tools that are described are general
and can be used for any future ionospheric multi-satellite mission with comparable

In addition to researching the immediate plasma environment and its coupling to other
regions, such a mission aims to study the Earth’s main magnetic field and its anomalies
caused by core, mantle, or crustal sources. The parameters for carrying out this kind
of work are examined in these chapters. Besides currents, electric fields, and plasma
convection, these parameters include ionospheric conductance, Joule heating, neutral
gas densities, and neutral winds. 


ionosphere magnetospheric couplign geomagnetic field field-aligned currents spherical elementary current systems Swarm data Swarm constellation ionospheric plasma flow ionospheric electrodynamics satellite magnetic measurements geomagnetic field modeling open access

Editors and affiliations

  • Malcolm Wray Dunlop
    • 1
  • Hermann Lühr
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Space and EnvironmentBeihang UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.GFZ German Research Centre for GeosciencesHelmholtz-Centre PotsdamPotsdamGermany

About the editors

Malcom Dunlop is research group leader at RAL Space and Professor at Beihang University. He is a visiting Professor at Warwick University and Imperial College. He has long experience in analysing magnetospheric and ionospheric data and is Co-I on several space missions. His research interests cover: the study of the ring current, field-aligned currents, magnetospheric boundaries, magnetic reconnection and current layers. He is the only individual awarded three special achievement Cluster medals. 

Hermann Lühr was Professor of Geophysics at Technical University fo Braunschweig and Senior Scientist at Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ, Potsdam, Germany. He has been (Co-)-PI of several research projects and space missions incl. CHAMP and Swarm; served on various committees and was awaded a series of prestigious medals and prizes. His scientific interests include geomagnetism, magnetospheric/ionospheric physics, plasma physics, current systems, upper atmosphere, space weather, and  instrument development. 

Bibliographic information