The Spruce Genome

  • Ilga M. Porth
  • Amanda R. De la Torre

Part of the Compendium of Plant Genomes book series (CPG)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Giovanni Marturano, Camilla Canovi, Federico Rossi, Andrea Zuccolo
    Pages 37-49
  3. Britta Hamberger, Macaire Man Saint Yuen, Emmanuel Buschiazzo, Claire Cullis, Agnes Yuen, Carol Ritland et al.
    Pages 51-63
  4. Igor Yakovlev, Marcos Viejo, Carl Gunnar Fossdal
    Pages 65-95
  5. Amanda R. De la Torre
    Pages 97-105
  6. Kermit Ritland, Nima Farzaneh, Claire Cullis, Agnes Yuen, Michelle Tang, Joël Fillon et al.
    Pages 107-114
  7. Yousry A. El-Kassaby, Blaise Ratcliffe, Omnia Gamal El-Dien, Shuzhen Sun, Charles Chen, Eduardo P. Cappa et al.
    Pages 115-127
  8. Jaroslav Klápště, Jonathan Lecoy, María del Rosario García-Gil
    Pages 129-153
  9. Xue-Mei Yan, Shan-Shan Zhou, Ilga M. Porth, Jian-Feng Mao
    Pages 177-192
  10. Almuth Hammerbacher, Louwrance P. Wright, Jonathan Gershenzon
    Pages 193-214

About this book


This book offers comprehensive information on the genomics of spruces (Picea spp.), naturally abundant conifer tree species that are widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere. Due to their tremendous ecological and economic importance, the management of forest genetic resources has chiefly focused on conservation and tree improvement. 

A draft genome sequence of the 20-gigabase Norway spruce genome was published in the journal Nature in 2013. Continuous efforts to improve the spruce genome assembly are underway, but are hindered by the inherent characteristics of conifer genomes: high amounts of repetitive sequences (introns and transposable elements) in the genome and large gene family expansions with regards to abiotic stress, secondary metabolism and spruces' defense responses to pathogens and herbivory. 

This book presents the latest information on the status of genome assemblies, provides detailed insights into transposable elements and methylation patterns, and highlights the extensive genomic resources available for inferring population genomics and climate adaptation, as well as emerging genomics tools for tree improvement programs. In addition, this volume features whole-genome comparisons among conifer species, and demonstrates how functional genomics can be used to improve gene function annotations. The book closes with an outlook on emerging fields of research in spruce genomics.


Comparative Genomics Picea comparative genomics White Spruce Norway spruce Loblolly pine Plant epigenomics Spruce secondary metabolism Conifers Functional genomics

Editors and affiliations

  • Ilga M. Porth
    • 1
  • Amanda R. De la Torre
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculté de foresterie, de géographie et de géomatiqueUniversité LavalQuebecCanada
  2. 2.School of ForestryNorthern Arizona UniversityFlagstaffUSA

Bibliographic information