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  • Book
  • Open Access
  • © 2020

Conceptualizing Environmental Citizenship for 21st Century Education

  • Sets the foundation for “Education for Environmental Citizenship”

  • Relates environmental citizenship to knowledge, values, beliefs, attitudes

  • Proposes a novel pedagogical approach

  • Shows the link with responsible environmental behaviour, youth activism, education for sustainability and environmental education

Part of the book series: Environmental Discourses in Science Education (EDSE, volume 4)

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Softcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Table of contents (15 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xiii
  2. Political, Economic and Societal Dimensions of Environmental Citizenship

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 15-15
    2. Political Dimensions of Environmental Citizenship

      • Ralph Levinson, Demetra Paraskeva-Hadjichambi, Bjørn Bedsted, Boris Manov, Andreas Ch. Hadjichambis
      Pages 17-28Open Access
    3. Economic Dimensions of Environmental Citizenship

      • Vladislav Kaputa, Katharina Lapin, Florian Leregger, Haris Gekic
      Pages 29-48Open Access
    4. Societal Issues and Environmental Citizenship

      • Ivan Šulc, Sofia Morgado, Zorana Đorđević, Slaven Gašparović, Vesela Radović, Dilyana Keranova
      Pages 49-66Open Access
  3. Environmental Citizenship as Psychological Construct

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 67-67
    2. Knowledge and Environmental Citizenship

      • Marija Smederevac-Lalic, David Finger, Imre Kovách, Mirjana Lenhardt, Jelisaveta Petrovic, Vesna Djikanovic et al.
      Pages 69-82Open Access
    3. Values, Beliefs and Environmental Citizenship

      • Audra Balundė, Mykolas Simas Poškus, Lina Jovarauskaitė, Ariel Sarid, Georgios Farangitakis, Marie-Christine Knippels et al.
      Pages 83-96Open Access
    4. Attitudes and Environmental Citizenship

      • Nicole Bauer, Boldizsár Megyesi, Rares Halbac-Cotoara-Zamfir, Cristina Halbac-Cotoara-Zamfir
      Pages 97-111Open Access
  4. Environmental Citizenship in the Context of Environmental Education and Education for Sustainability

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 113-113
    2. Education for Environmental Citizenship and Responsible Environmental Behaviour

      • Daphne Goldman, Ralph Hansmann, Jan Činčera, Vesela Radović, Audronė Telešienė, Aistė Balžekienė et al.
      Pages 115-137Open Access
    3. Environmental Citizenship and Youth Activism

      • Pedro Reis
      Pages 139-148Open Access
    4. Education for Environmental Citizenship and Education for Sustainability

      • Gema Parra, Ralph Hansmann, Andreas Ch. Hadjichambis, Daphne Goldman, Demetra Paraskeva-Hadjichambi, Per Sund et al.
      Pages 149-160Open Access
  5. Environmental Citizenship in Educational Levels

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 161-161
    2. Environmental Citizenship in Primary Formal Education

      • Jan Činčera, Marta Romero-Ariza, Mirjana Zabic, Marianna Kalaitzidaki, María del Consuelo Díez Bedmar
      Pages 163-177Open Access
    3. Environmental Citizenship in the Context of Primary Non-formal Education

      • Jelle Boeve-de Pauw, Rares Halbac-Zamfir
      Pages 179-191Open Access
    4. Environmental Citizenship in Secondary Formal Education: The Importance of Curriculum and Subject Teachers

      • Niklas Gericke, Lihong Huang, Marie-Christine Knippels, Andri Christodoulou, Frans Van Dam, Slaven Gasparovic
      Pages 193-212Open Access
    5. Educating for Environmental Citizenship in Non-formal Frameworks for Secondary Level Youth

      • Demetra Paraskeva-Hadjichambi, Daphne Goldman, Andreas Ch. Hadjichambis, Gema Parra, Katharina Lapin, Marie-Christine Knippels et al.
      Pages 213-235Open Access
    6. Education for Environmental Citizenship: The Pedagogical Approach

      • Andreas Ch. Hadjichambis, Demetra Paraskeva-Hadjichambi
      Pages 237-261Open Access

About this book

This Open Access book is about the development of a common understanding of environmental citizenship. It conceptualizes and frames environmental citizenship taking an educational perspective. Organized in four complementary parts, the book first explains the political, economic and societal dimensions of the concept. Next, it examines environmental citizenship as a psychological concept with a specific focus on knowledge, values, beliefs and attitudes. It then explores environmental citizenship within the context of environmental education and education for sustainability. It elaborates responsible environmental behaviour, youth activism and education for sustainability through the lens of environmental citizenship. Finally, it discusses the concept within the context of different educational levels, such as primary and secondary education in formal and non-formal settings.


Environmental citizenship is a key factor in sustainability, green and cycle economy, and low-carbon society, and an important aspect in addressing global environmental problems. It has been an influential concept in many different arenas such as economy, policy, philosophy, and organizational marketing. In the field of education, the concept could be better exploited and established, however. Education and, especially, environmental discourses in science education have a great deal to contribute to the adoption and promotion of environmental citizenship.


  • Sustainability / sustainable development
  • Environmental citizenship
  • Environmental citizen
  • Environmental education
  • Education for environmental citizenship
  • Education for sustainability
  • ENEC
  • EU Horizon 2020
  • EU-roadmap 2050
  • European Network for Environmental Citizenship
  • Environmental Behavior
  • Environmental citizenship from educational perspective
  • Open Access

Editors and Affiliations

  • Cyprus Ministry of Education and Culture, Nicosia, Cyprus

    Andreas Ch. Hadjichambis, Demetra Paraskeva-Hadjichambi

  • Cyprus Centre for Environmental Research and Education, CYCERE, Lemesos, Cyprus

    Andreas Ch. Hadjichambis, Demetra Paraskeva-Hadjichambi

  • Instituto de Educação, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal

    Pedro Reis

  • Department of Environmental Studies, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic

    Jan Činčera

  • University of Antwerp, Belgium, Antwerpen, Belgium

    Jelle Boeve-de Pauw

  • University of Karlstad, Karlstad, Sweden

    Niklas Gericke

  • Freudenthal Institute, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands

    Marie-Christine Knippels

About the editors

Andreas Ch. Hadjichambis is Chair of the European Network for Environmental Citizenship (Cost Action CA16229). He is the Scientific Director of the Cyprus Centre for Environmental Research and Education (CYCERE) and a Researcher in the Cyprus University of Technology. He is a biologist (Bsc) with MSc, MEd in education and a PhD. He is Biology Advisor and Coordinator of Environmental Education Programs. He participated in many European research projects and is a co-author of the biology books in Cyprus secondary education.

Pedro Reis is Sub-Director and Associate Professor in Science Education at the Instituto de Educação, Universidade de Lisboa (Portugal). In addition to his PhD and MEd in education, he holds a BSc  degree in biology. He has been involved in research, teacher training and curriculum development projects in Portugal, other European countries (supported by the European Commission), Africa (supported by the World Bank, Foundations and local Governments) and Latin America (supported by the Portuguese, the Brazilian and the Colombian Governments).

Demetra Paraskeva - Hadjichambi is head of Environmental Education Department of the Cyprus Centre for Environmental Research and Education (CYCERE). She is a biologist and holds a PhD in Environmental Education. She is working as a biology advisor in the Cyprus Ministry of Education and Culture. She participated in Biology Curriculum Committee in the framework of Cyprus Educational Reformation. She is a co-author of the Biology books in the Secondary Education of Cyprus. She has been a SCIENTIX Ambassador.

Jan Činčera works as an Associate Professor at the Department of Environmental Studies, Faculty of Social Studies at Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic. He focuses on environmental education theory, research, and instructional strategies. His main interest lies in analyzing instructional strategies that help achieve the goals of environmental education. He is the author of more than twenty studies published in international journals, the national guidelines for evaluation of environmental education programs and books focusing on environmental education and interpretation.

Niklas Gericke is Professor in Science Education, and Director of the SMEER (Science, Mathematics and Engineering Education Research) research Centre at Karlstad University in Sweden and visiting professor at NTNU in Trondheim, Norway. His main research interests are biology education and sustainability education from conceptual, teaching as well as implementation perspectives. Other research interests include history and philosophy of science, models and representations in science, genetic education and textbook research.

Marie-Christine Knippels is an Assistant Professor in Science Education and has been head of the Biology education team at the Freudenthal Institute, Utrecht University, the Netherlands. She is a biologist, developed the ‘yoyo-strategy’, and holds a PhD in Genetics Education. She completed a postdoc research project (NWO) at RISBO, Erasmus University Rotterdam and serves as a member of the Academic Board of ERIDOB. She led the EU-FP7 PARRISE-project, and was partner representative in the SYNENERGENE project.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Conceptualizing Environmental Citizenship for 21st Century Education

  • Editors: Andreas Ch. Hadjichambis, Pedro Reis, Demetra Paraskeva-Hadjichambi, Jan Činčera, Jelle Boeve-de Pauw, Niklas Gericke, Marie-Christine Knippels

  • Series Title: Environmental Discourses in Science Education

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Education, Education (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2020

  • License: CC BY

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-030-20248-4Published: 27 February 2020

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-3-030-20251-4Published: 30 August 2021

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-20249-1Published: 26 February 2020

  • Series ISSN: 2352-7307

  • Series E-ISSN: 2352-7315

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XIII, 261

  • Number of Illustrations: 26 b/w illustrations

  • Topics: Science Education, Sustainability, Human Rights, Environmental and Sustainability Education

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)