Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Markus Frischhut
    Pages 1-20 Open Access
  3. Markus Frischhut
    Pages 21-30 Open Access
  4. Markus Frischhut
    Pages 31-87 Open Access
  5. Markus Frischhut
    Pages 89-121 Open Access
  6. Markus Frischhut
    Pages 123-137 Open Access
  7. Markus Frischhut
    Pages 139-147 Open Access
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 149-157

About this book


This open access book seeks to identify the ethical spirit of European Union (EU) law, a context in which we can observe a trend towards increasing references to the terms ‘ethics’ and ‘morality.’ This aspect is all the more important because EU law is now affecting more and more areas of national law, including such sensitive ones as the patentability of human life. Especially when unethical behaviour produces legal consequences, the frequent lack of clearly defined concepts remains a challenge, particularly against the background of the principle of legal certainty. 
This raises the question to which extent the content of these references is determined and whether it is possible to identify an ethical spirit of EU law. Answering that question, in turn, entails addressing the following questions: In references to ethics concerning EU law, can we identify references to a particular theory of practical philosophy at all; and, if so, to one or more normative ethical theories (deontology, consequentialism, or virtue ethics)? Further, should these non-legal concepts be imported in an unaltered way (“absolute approach”), or be adapted to the legal context (“relative approach”)? 
This book explores the different layers of EU law (primary law, agreements, secondary law, and tertiary law), including the role of ethics in EU lawmaking and in EU case law, as well as the implementation of relevant EU directives in selected Member States. In addition to the above-mentioned normative philosophical lens, the book also analyzes the findings from the legal lens of EU integration, i.e., especially EU values, human rights and the cornerstone of human dignity.


EU law Ethics Philosophy of law Deontology Consequentialism Virtue ethics Communitarianism Principlism EU values Open Access

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Management Center InnsbruckJean Monnet Chair “European Integration & Ethics”InnsbruckAustria

Bibliographic information