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  • © 2019

Biodiversity of Angola

Science & Conservation: A Modern Synthesis

  • Presents a unique and comprehensive view of the biodiversity of Angola covering a wide diversity of taxa

  • Provides an authoritative synthesis on Angola’s biodiversity and Africa’s last ‘terra incognita’

  • Open Access book that will greatly advance the development of knowledge of Angola’s rich biodiversity heritage within that country, in the region, and globally

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Table of contents (20 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xviii
  2. Introduction: Setting the Scene

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 1-1
    2. Angolan Biodiversity: Towards a Modern Synthesis

      • Brian J. Huntley, Nuno Ferrand
      Pages 3-14Open Access
    3. Marine Biodiversity of Angola: Biogeography and Conservation

      • Stephen P. Kirkman, Kumbi Kilongo Nsingi
      Pages 43-52Open Access
    4. The Fossil Record of Biodiversity in Angola Through Time: A Paleontological Perspective

      • Octávio Mateus, Pedro M. Callapez, Michael J. Polcyn, Anne S. Schulp, António Olímpio Gonçalves, Louis L. Jacobs
      Pages 53-76Open Access
  3. Flora, Vegetation and Landscape Change

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 77-77
    2. The Flora of Angola: Collectors, Richness and Endemism

      • David J. Goyder, Francisco Maiato P. Gonçalves
      Pages 79-96Open Access
    3. Vegetation Survey, Classification and Mapping in Angola

      • Rasmus Revermann, Manfred Finckh
      Pages 97-107Open Access
    4. Suffrutex Dominated Ecosystems in Angola

      • Paulina Zigelski, Amândio Gomes, Manfred Finckh
      Pages 109-121Open Access
    5. Landscape Changes in Angola

      • John M. Mendelsohn
      Pages 123-137Open Access
  4. Invertebrate Diversity: Environmental Indicators

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 139-139
    2. The Dragonflies and Damselflies of Angola: An Updated Synthesis

      • Jens Kipping, Viola Clausnitzer, Sara R. F. Fernandes Elizalde, Klaas-Douwe B. Dijkstra
      Pages 141-165Open Access
    3. The Butterflies and Skippers (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea) of Angola: An Updated Checklist

      • Luís F. Mendes, A. Bivar-de-Sousa, Mark C. Williams
      Pages 167-203Open Access
  5. Vertebrates: Distribution and Diversity

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 205-205
    2. The Freshwater Fishes of Angola

      • Paul H. Skelton
      Pages 207-242Open Access
    3. The Amphibians of Angola: Early Studies and the Current State of Knowledge

      • Ninda Baptista, Werner Conradie, Pedro Vaz Pinto, William R. Branch
      Pages 243-281Open Access
    4. The Reptiles of Angola: History, Diversity, Endemism and Hotspots

      • William R. Branch, Pedro Vaz Pinto, Ninda Baptista, Werner Conradie
      Pages 283-334Open Access
    5. The Avifauna of Angola: Richness, Endemism and Rarity

      • W. Richard J. Dean, Martim Melo, Michael S. L. Mills
      Pages 335-356Open Access
    6. The Mammals of Angola

      • Pedro Beja, Pedro Vaz Pinto, Luís Veríssimo, Elena Bersacola, Ezequiel Fabiano, Jorge M. Palmeirim et al.
      Pages 357-443Open Access

About this book

This open access multi-authored book presents a 'state of the science' synthesis of knowledge on the biodiversity of Angola, based on sources in peer-reviewed journals, in books and where appropriate, unpublished official reports. The book identifies Angola as one of the most biologically diverse countries in Africa, but notes that its fauna, flora, habitats and the processes that drive the dynamics of its ecosystems are still very poorly researched and documented. 

This 'state of the science' synthesis is for the use of all students of Angola's biodiversity, and for those responsible for the planning, development and sustainable management of the country's living resources.  The volume brings together the results of expeditions and research undertaken in Angola since the late eighteenth century, with emphasis on work conducted in the four decades since Angola's independence in 1975. The individual chapters have been written by leaders in their fields, and reviewed by peers familiar with the region. 



  • Open access
  • Flora and fauna of Angola
  • Angola, Africa
  • African biodiversity conservation
  • Pleistocene relict
  • Miombo Woodlands, Tropical Rainforest, Namib Desert
  • Angolan endemism
  • Angolan exctinction
  • Giant Sable Antelope, Gorilla, Oryx, Elephant

Editors and Affiliations

  • CIBIO-InBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, Universidade do Porto, Vairão, Portugal

    Brian J. Huntley

  • Fundação Kissama, Luanda, Angola

    Vladimir Russo

  • ISCED – Instituto Superior de Ciências da Educação da Huíla, Lubango, Angola

    Fernanda Lages

  • CIBIO-InBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos Laboratório Associado, Campus de Vairão, Universidade do Porto, Vairão, Portugal

    Nuno Ferrand

About the editors

Brian J Huntley is an internationally respected conservationist with over 50 years of research and management experience in many African countries and the Sub-Antarctic. His involvement with Angola dates from the 1970s and has continued ever since. Following retirement as CEO of the South African National Biodiversity Institute, he is currently an independent consultant on conservation projects in several African countries. He is a Research Associate at the Centre for Invasion Biology, Stellenbosch University and an Emeritus Professor at the University of Cape Town.

Vladimir Russo is an Angolan environmentalist with over 25 years of experience in environmental issues including policy development, environmental education and biodiversity conservation. He was responsible for the development of the Angolan National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP), has managed several biodiversity conservation initiatives and supports projects to protect species such as the giant sable antelope and marine turtles, amongst others. He is currently the Technical Director of the environmental consultancy company Holísticos and the Executive Director of Kissama Foundation, an Angolan biodiversity conservation non-governmental organization.

Fernanda Lages is a biologist who has worked for more than 30 years as a teacher at the Faculty of Sciences, Universidade Agostinho Neto, in Luanda, and as a researcher at the National Center for Plant Genetic Resources. She moved to Lubango in 2007, where she became responsible for the biological collections of the former Institute of Scientific Research of Angola. She is currently involved in several projects related to the study of Angolan fauna and flora. Her priority is the documentation, development and dissemination of the collections and promotion of their value as scientific and educational resources. 

Nuno Ferrand is a biologist and professor of genetics and evolution at the Faculty of Sciences, University of Porto, Portugal, and at the University of Johannesburg, South Africa, and has published over 150 papers in prestigious SCI international journals. He is the Director of CIBIO/InBIO, the Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources, a national key-lab in the biological sciences, and also the Director of the Natural History and Science Museum at the University of Porto. In addition, he was recently awarded by UNESCO with the Chair Life on Land, which corresponds to a network of TwinLabs aimed at developing partnerships in research, advanced training and capacity building with institutions located in Angola, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe and the Cape Verdes. Finally, he also dedicates a considerable part of his life to advise national governmental and non-governmental conservation bodies, as well as involving industry and business in the long-term conservation of biological diversity. 

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Biodiversity of Angola

  • Book Subtitle: Science & Conservation: A Modern Synthesis

  • Editors: Brian J. Huntley, Vladimir Russo, Fernanda Lages, Nuno Ferrand

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Biomedical and Life Sciences, Biomedical and Life Sciences (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2019

  • License: CC BY

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-030-03082-7Published: 06 March 2019

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-03083-4Published: 20 February 2019

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XVIII, 549

  • Number of Illustrations: 2 b/w illustrations, 66 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Biodiversity, Ecosystems, Animal Ecology, Nature Conservation, Plant Ecology

Buy it now

Buying options

Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Other ways to access