The Cognitive Foundations of Personality Traits

  • Shulamith Kreitler
  • Hans Kreitler

Part of the Emotions, Personality, and Psychotherapy book series (EPPS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. The Trait Concept

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Shulamith Kreitler, Hans Kreitler
      Pages 3-13
    3. Shulamith Kreitler, Hans Kreitler
      Pages 15-39
    4. Shulamith Kreitler, Hans Kreitler
      Pages 41-60
    5. Shulamith Kreitler, Hans Kreitler
      Pages 61-71
    6. Shulamith Kreitler, Hans Kreitler
      Pages 73-89
    7. Shulamith Kreitler, Hans Kreitler
      Pages 91-97
    8. Shulamith Kreitler, Hans Kreitler
      Pages 99-110
    9. Shulamith Kreitler, Hans Kreitler
      Pages 111-124
  3. Studies on Traits

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 125-125
    2. Shulamith Kreitler, Hans Kreitler
      Pages 127-288
  4. How to Work with the New Trait Concept

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 289-289
    2. Shulamith Kreitler, Hans Kreitler
      Pages 291-301
    3. Shulamith Kreitler, Hans Kreitler
      Pages 303-316
    4. Shulamith Kreitler, Hans Kreitler
      Pages 317-323
    5. Shulamith Kreitler, Hans Kreitler
      Pages 325-329
  5. Postscript

    1. Shulamith Kreitler, Hans Kreitler
      Pages 331-331
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 333-405

About this book

Introduction

Hardly anything in psychology is as irking as the trait concept. Psychologists and laypersons alike use primarily adjective trait-names to characterize and even concep­ tualize the individuals they encounter. There are more than a hundred well-defined personality traits and a great many questionnaires for their assessment, some of which are designed to assess the same or very similar traits. Little is known about their ontogenetic development and even less about their underlying dynamics. Psy­ choanalytic theory was invoked for explaining the psychodynamics underlying a few personality traits without, however, presenting sufficient empirical evidence for the validity of these interpretations. In a reductionistic vein, behaviorally inclined psy­ chologists have propounded the thesis that all traits are acquired behaviors. Yet, this view neither reduces the number of personality tests nor explains the resistance of traits to modification by means of reward and punishment. Dissatisfied with these and some other less well-known approaches to person­ ality traits, we decided to explore whether applying our psychosemantic theory of cognition to the trait concept would do better. The way we had to follow was anything but easy.

Keywords

Encounter Validation assessment cognition psychodynamics psychology

Authors and affiliations

  • Shulamith Kreitler
    • 1
  • Hans Kreitler
    • 1
  1. 1.Tel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-2227-4
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag US 1990
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4899-2229-8
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4899-2227-4
  • About this book