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Science and Technology for Disposal of Radioactive Tank Wastes

  • Wallace W. Schulz
  • Nicholas J. Lombardo

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Disposal Strategies and Technology Needs

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Terri L. Stewart, Jeffrey A. Frey, David W. Geiser, Kristin L. Manke
      Pages 3-13
    3. John P. LaFemina
      Pages 15-24
    4. Thomas M. Brouns, Jeffrey A. Frey, Terri L. Stewart, Robert W. Allen, Kristin L. Manke
      Pages 25-34
    5. Terry A. Todd, Arlin L. Olson, W. Brent Palmer, James H. Valentine
      Pages 35-43
    6. Earl W. Holtzscheiter, Connie A. Cicero-Herman, Sandra J. Carroll, James E. Flaherty
      Pages 45-56
  3. Technology for Characterization and Retrieval of Tank Waste

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 63-63
    2. Steven D. Colson, Roy E. Gephart, Valeria L. Hunter, Jiri Janata, Larry G. Morgan
      Pages 77-99
    3. Albert F. Noonan, David A. Dodd, Louis Jensen, Deborah F. Iwatate, Thomas E. Rainey, Frederich R. Reich et al.
      Pages 101-116
    4. Glenn J. Bastiaans, John H. Ballard, Cliff Morgan
      Pages 117-126
    5. Beverly A. Crawford, Kevin R. Kyle
      Pages 127-134
    6. M. R. Smith, J. S. Hartman, M. L. Alexander, A. Mendoza, E. H. Hirt, T. L. Stewart et al.
      Pages 135-158
    7. Eric A. Daymo, Bruce A. Reynolds, John G. H. Geeting, Charles R. Hymas
      Pages 173-190
  4. Tank Waste Pretreatment Processes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 191-191
    2. Edward C. Beahm, Charles F. Weber, Rodney D. Hunt, Tommy A. Dillow
      Pages 193-201
    3. G. J. Lumetta, B. M. Rapko, J. Liu, D. J. Temer
      Pages 203-218
    4. D. D. Walker, M. J. Barnes, C. L. Crawford, R. A. Peterson, R. F. Swingle, S. D. Fink
      Pages 219-230
    5. James E. Miller, Norman E. Brown, James L. Krumhansl, Daniel E. Trudell, Rayford G. Anthony, C. V. Philip
      Pages 269-286
    6. Norman C. Schroeder, Susan D. Radzinski, Kenneth R. Ashley, Anh P. Truong, Patrycja A. Szczepaniak
      Pages 301-320
  5. Tank Waste Immobilization Processes and Experience

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 321-321
    2. Nina Akgϋndϋz, Rod F. Gimpel, Donald Paine, Vernon H. Pierce
      Pages 351-361
    3. Connie A. Cicero-Herman, John C. Whitehouse, Steve R. Young, Donald L. Erich
      Pages 363-377
    4. Melissa G. Mesko, Delbert E. Day, Bruce C. Bunker
      Pages 379-392
    5. G. F. Piepel, P. Hrma, J. D. Vienna
      Pages 393-402
  6. Process Control and Monitoring Technology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 425-425
    2. R. L. Brodzinski, W. K. Hensley, E. A. Lepel, M. R. Smith
      Pages 427-433
    3. Tom D. Hylton, Marvin S. Anderson, David C. Van Essen, Charles K. Bayne
      Pages 435-438
    4. S. H. Sheen, H. T. Chien, A. C. Raptis
      Pages 439-447
    5. G. L. Troyer, K. E. Hillesand, S. G. Goodwin, S. F. Kessler, E. W. Killian, D. Legare et al.
      Pages 449-459
    6. J. R. Hurd, G. W. Veazey, T. E. Ricketts
      Pages 475-483
    7. J. A. Bamberger, H. K. Kytömaa, M. S. Greenwood
      Pages 485-495
    8. M. S. Greenwood, J. R. Skorpik, J. A. Bamberger
      Pages 497-506
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 519-525

About this book

Introduction

Radioactive wastes resulting from over 40 years of production of nuclear weapons in the U. S. are currently stored in 273 underground tanks at the U. S. Department of Energy Hanford site, Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, Oak Ridge Reservation, and Savannah River site. Combined, tanks at these sjtes contain approximately 94,000,000 gallons of waste in a variety of forms including liquid, concrete-like salt cake, and various sludges. More than 730,000,000 curies of several radioactive isotopes are present in the underground tanks. Certainly, one of the greatest challenges facing the U. S. Department of Energy is how to characterize, retrieve, treat, and immobilize the great variety of tank wastes in a safe, timely, and cost-effective manner. For several years now, the U. S. Department of Energy has initiated and sponsored scientific and engineering studies, tests, and demonstrations to develop the myriad of technologies required to dispose of the radioactive tank wastes. In recent times, much of the Department of Energy R&D activities concerning tank wastes have been closely coordinated and organized through the Tanks Focus Area (IF A); responsibility for technical operations of the TF A has been assigned to the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

Keywords

Strontium Titan acid chemistry crystal energy extraction flow iron liquid mineral radioactive waste sodium spectroscopy viscosity

Editors and affiliations

  • Wallace W. Schulz
    • 1
  • Nicholas J. Lombardo
    • 2
  1. 1.W2S Co., Inc.AlbuquerqueUSA
  2. 2.Pacific Northwest National LaboratoryRichlandUSA

Bibliographic information