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Oscillatory Event-Related Brain Dynamics

  • Christo Pantev
  • Thomas Elbert
  • Bernd Lütkenhöner

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 271)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Manfried Hoke
    Pages 1-8
  3. Robert Galambos, Theodore H. Bullock
    Pages 9-10
  4. Theodore H. Bullock, Jerzy Z. Achimowicz
    Pages 11-26
  5. Ulrich Altrup, Michael Madeja, Martin Wiemann, Erwin-Josef Speckmann
    Pages 27-42
  6. L. G. Nowak, M. H. J. Munk, N. Chounlamountri, J. Bullier
    Pages 85-98
  7. Pieter R. Roelfsema, Andreas K. Engel, Peter König, Wolf Singer
    Pages 99-114
  8. Hennric Jokeit, Ralf Goertz, Erika Küchler, Scott Makeig
    Pages 135-146
  9. Mitchell Valdes-Sosa, Maria A. Bobes, Carlos Sierra, Maribel Echevarria, Leonel Perez, Jorge Bosch et al.
    Pages 147-166
  10. Gabriel Curio, Bruno-Marcel Mackert, Klaus Abraham-Fuchs, Wolfgang Härer
    Pages 205-218
  11. Christo Pantev, Thomas Elbert
    Pages 219-230
  12. Friedemann Pulvermüller, Hubert Preißl, Carsten Eulitz, Christo Pantev, Werner Lutzenberger, Bernd Feige et al.
    Pages 243-258
  13. Bernd Lütkenhöner, Christo Pantev
    Pages 259-274
  14. Andrzej Wróbel, Marek Bekisz, Wioletta Waleszczyk
    Pages 311-324
  15. Matthias Müller, Brigitte Rockstroh, Patrick Berg, Michael Wagner, Thomas Elbert, Scott Makeig
    Pages 325-341
  16. Venkatesh N. Murthy, Fumi Aoki, Eberhard E. Fetz
    Pages 343-356
  17. Canan Basar-Eroglu, Martin Schürmann
    Pages 367-382
  18. Valéria Csépe, Georg Juckel, Márk Molnár, George Karmos
    Pages 383-388
  19. Larry E. Roberts, Ronald J. Racine, Paula J. Durlach, Sue Becker
    Pages 415-433
  20. Manfred Fuchs, Michael Wagner, Hans-Aloys Wischmann, Karsten Ottenberg, Olaf Dössel
    Pages 435-457
  21. Back Matter
    Pages 459-468

About this book

Introduction

How does the brain code and process incoming information, how does it recog­ nize a certain object, how does a certain Gestalt come into our awareness? One of the key issues to conscious realization of an object, of a Gestalt is the attention de­ voted to the corresponding sensory input which evokes the neural pattern underly­ ing the Gestalt. This requires that the attention be devoted to one set of objects at a time. However, the attention may be switched quickly between different objects or ongoing input processes. It is to be expected that such mechanisms are reflected in the neural dynamics: Neurons or neuronal assemblies which pertain to one object may fire, possibly in rapid bursts at a time. Such firing bursts may enhance the synaptic strength in the corresponding cell assembly and thereby form the substrate of short-term memory. However, we may well become aware of two different objects at a time. How can we avoid that the firing patterns which may relate to say a certain type of move­ ment (columns in V5) or to a color (V 4) of one object do not become mixed with those of another object? Such a blend may only happen if the presentation times be­ come very short (below 20-30 ms). One possibility is that neurons pertaining to one cell assembly fire syn­ chronously. Then different cell assemblies firing at different rates may code different information.

Keywords

attention brain cortex electroencephalography (EEG) information processing memory neurons

Editors and affiliations

  • Christo Pantev
    • 1
  • Thomas Elbert
    • 1
  • Bernd Lütkenhöner
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Experimental AudiologyUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany

Bibliographic information